6 Pharaohs, ANCIENT EGYPTIAN CROWNS THE WHITE CROWN; UPPER EGYPT THE RED CROWN: LOWER EGYPT Kings usually were depicted wearing the striped head cloth, a false beard, and an elaborate kilt, a staff, scepters. the Double Crown
7 Pharaohs, ANCIENT EGYPTIAN CROWNS Atef Crown was worn during religious rituals. Blue Crown is a military helmet and is often worn during battles and hunting Royal Vulture offers protection. It represented the goddess Nekhbet, the goddess of childbirth, mothers and children. Royal Uraeus (φίδι), or sacred serpent crown. Hemhem Crown, or the triple Atef crown, a very elaborate form of the Atef crown. The head of a typical Egyptian figure is seen from the side, but the eye and body are seen from the front. Figures are usually shown wearing a traditional crown or headdress and a pectoral (θωρακικό) decoration across the shoulders and chest.
8 Pharaoh depicted with the double crown of upper and lower Egypt. The cobra protected the pharaoh by spitting fire at his enemies.
9 Regalia the symbols of supreme power, the flail and crook. the Uraeus (κόμπρα) The crook is used by shepherds to catch their sheep. The flail is used in threshing, to separate the grains from the outer husks. The pharaoh was recognized only by wearing the Uraeus, which conveyed legitimacy to the ruler.
10 Pharaoh and his wife The ancient Egyptian pharaohs built temples and put up huge stone statues. Statue of the pharaoh Menkaura and his consort Queen Khamerernebty II. Originally from his Giza Valley temple, now on display at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The left foot in front of the right one shows power.
11 18 η Δυναστεία: Χατσεψούτ: Large granite sphinx. The pharaoh Hatshepsut, depicted with the traditional false beard, a symbol of her pharaonic power Metropolitan Museum of Art
12 Nefertiti 18 th Dynasty Αμενχοτέπ 4 ή Ακενατόν ή Εχνατόν ( ) Μονοθεϊσμός Ατόν Τελλ-ελ- Αμάρνα
13 Amenofis 4 th Amenofis 4 th changed his name in Echnaton and with assistant of his wife Nefertiti dared to create the first monotheistic religion, without icons. Aton, the god, is depicted as solar disk whose rays end in palms symbolizing the gift of life.
14 18 th Dynasty Toutankhamon ( )
15 gold. Toutankhamon and his wife. Throne of Toutankhamon
16 Ramesses II Ramesses wife, Nefertari Ramesses II was the pharaoh who ruled for sixty-seven years and put up more statues of himself than any other pharaoh. Ramesses II and god Horus. Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt
17 Ramses II Egyptian Museum, Torino, Italy. A princess
18 Ramses II
19 Ramses II Colossal depictions of Ramesses II at a temple dedicated to him at Abu Simbel.
20 Persians in Egypt: BC Καμβύσης, Δαρείος Α-Β, Ξέρξης Α-Β-Γ, Αρταξέρξης Α-Β-Γ, Δαρείος Γ (Κοδομανός). Καμβύσης Β Δαρείος Α (νικήθηκε: Μαραθώνας) Ξέρξης Α (νικήθηκε : Θερμοπύλες, Σαλαμίνα, Πλαταιές) Greece: Αχαϊκή εποχή- Περσικοί πόλεμοι ( π.χ.) Κλασσική εποχή Δαρείος Γ (Κοδομανός) Νικήθηκε από τον Μ. Αλέξανδρο (Ισσός, 333 π.χ.).
21 The Greeks: 332 BC Alexander the Great The city of Alexandria was founded. 323: Ο Αλέξανδρος πεθαίνει και αναλαμβάνει την διακυβέρνηση της Αιγύπτου ο στρατηγός του Πτολεμαίος.
22 The Greeks: Hellenistic years : Ptolemy π. Χ. Silver tetradrachmo with representation of Ptolemy A' of Savior, founder of dynasty of Ptolemy π.χ. Βερενίκη Α Golden pentadrachmo Ptolemy A
23 Library of Alexandria
24 The Romans Julius Ceasar ( BC) Mark Antony (82-30 BC) Cleopatra
25 Abu Simbel temples: Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th c. BC Great Temple of Ramesses II (left) and Small Temple of Nefertari (right)
26 Abu Simbel temples: relocation. A scale model showing the original location of the 13th century BCE Abu Simbel temples, the complex was relocated in 1968, on an artificial hill, high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir. The photo was taken at the Nubian Museum, Aswan, Egypt.
27 Abu Simbel: Great Temple of Ramesses II
28 Baboon carvings above the heads of the statues of Ramses
29 Abu Simbel On October 22 and February 22, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculptures on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, the god connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark.
30 Abu Simbel: The hypostyle hall of the Great Temple, with eight Osiris pillars
31 Abu Simbel Φθα, Άμμων-Ρα, Ραμσής Ρα-Χαράκτης.
32 Abu Simbel: The small Temple The temple of Hathor and Nefertari, also known as the Small Temple, dedicated to the goddess Hathor and Ramesses II's chief consort, Nefertari. The statues are 10 m. high.
33 18 η Δυναστεία: Amenhotep III The Colossi of Memnon Theban necropolis They are two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. For the past 3400 years (since 1350 BC) they have stood in the Theban necropolis, across the River Nile from the modern city of Luxor. In 27 BCE, a large earthquake reportedly shattered the eastern colossus. he remaining lower half of this statue was then reputed to "sing" on various occasions- always within an hour or two of sunrise, usually right at dawn. it sounded "like a blow, "the string of a lyre, the striking of brass or whistling. Romans reconstructed them and the singing stopped.
34 The Karnak temple complex describes a vast collection of ruins of temples, chapels, pylons and other buildings - collectively known as Karnak. The Karnak temple complex is located near Karnak (town) and Luxor in Upper Egypt.
35 The Karnack complex
36 The Karnack complex, the main place of worship of the Theban Triad with Amon as its head
37 The Karnack complex
38 The Karnack complex
39 The Karnack complex
40 The Karnak complex
41 Luxor Temple: located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city today known as Luxor (ancient Thebes) and was founded in 1400 BC Στην είσοδο της κιονοστοιχίας του Αμένωφι Γ, δύο γιγάντια γλυπτά του Ραμσή Β
42 Luxor: Statue at Temple Entrance Sitting Ramesses II Colossus inside Luxor Temple
43 Luxor Temple: The east side of the peristyle court of Amenhotep III
44 Luxor Temple
45 Luxor Temple (Egypt) by night, showing wall inscription
46 In Luxor there are six great temples. One of then is the Ramesseum Mortuary Temple of Ramesses II - The Ramesseum. Osiris statues
47 The Ramesseum
48 The Ramesseum: Colonnade
49 Made of glass
50 Cosmetic jar in the shape of a dwarf, from the reign of Akhenaten. Alabaster.
52 Life after death The ancient Egyptians believed in life after death. That's why they became very good at mummification. They wrapped mummies in hundreds of yards of linen strips. They also built special "house for eternity" to put their dead inside.
53 Tombs The writing on the walls in a pharaoh's tomb helped him get to the afterlife.
54 Mastaba, "house for eternity" or "eternal house" Mastabas were constructed out of mud-bricks (from the Nile River) or stone. 'Mastaba' comes from the Arabic word for a bench of mud. Structure. 27th century BC Statue of the dead chapel pit Small cellar Sarcophagus in Saqqara furniture The afterlife was the main focus of Egyptian civilization and ruled every aspect of the society. It was reflected in their architecture and most prominently by the enormous amounts of time, money, and manpower involved in the building of their tombs.
55 The Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza 2590 BC The pyramids of Giza The Great Sphinx They are among the most recognizable symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt.
56 Inside the Pyramid
57 False door The Ancient Egyptians believed that the false door was a threshold between the worlds of the living and the dead and through which a deity or the spirit of the deceased could enter and exit. They can be carved in a wall or painted on it.
58 BC 27th century BC Imhotep was an Egyptian polymath, who served as chancellor to the pharaoh and high priest of the sun god Ra (or Re) at Heliopolis. He is considered to be the earliest known architect and engineer and physician. Greece: Copper age
59 Mummification Over many centuries, the ancient Egyptians developed a method of preserving bodies so they would remain lifelike. Today we call this process mummification. During the mummification process, the internal organs were removed from the body and placed in hollow 'canopy jars'. The lids of canopy jars represented gods called the 'four sons of Horus'. These gods protected the internal organs.
61 Modern Egypt 1798: Napoleon 642-now: ΙIslam. Portuguese, English, French abused Egypt. 1869: Suez Canal, Ferdinand de Lesseps. Suez bridge 1956: Nasser. All foreigners had to leave. 1970: War between Egypt and Israel. Israel wins. Nasser Μωχάμετ Άλι ( ) Κόπτες (451 μ.χ.) Αιγύπτιοι Μονοφυσίτες Πατριαρχείο Αλεξάνδρειας (6 ο αι. Ιουστινιανός)
63 The British Museum, England https://www.britishmuseum.org
64 Βιβλιογραφία Εκπαιδευτική Ελληνική Εγκυκλοπαίδεια, Παγκόσμια Μυθολογία. ΕΚΔΟΤΙΚΗ ΑΘΗΝΩΝ. Παγκόσμια Ιστορία, ΟΙ Πρώτοι Πολιτισμοί, π. Χ.. Κ. ΚΑΠΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ. Vandenberg, P., Νεφερτίτη. ΚΟΝΙΔΑΡΗ. Vandenberg, P., Ραμσής ο Μέγας. ΚΟΝΙΔΑΡΗ. Vandenberg, P., Η Κατάρα των Φαραώ. ΚΟΝΙΔΑΡΗ. Εγκυκλοπαίδεια Πάπυρος Λαρούς Μπριτάννικα. ΠΑΠΥΡΟΣ
5 May 4 September 2005 Exhibition organised by the Powerhouse Museum in Association with the Benaki Museum, Athens. National partner Image: gold wreath with ivy leaves, Greece, 1st century BC. Introduction
1 SAMPLE TEST FOR GRADE A ELEMENTARY JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS PART A : Reading comprehension Read the following texts and answer the questions below (10 points) Διαβάστε τα παρακάτω κείμενα και
SAMPLE TEST FOR GRADE A ELEMENTARY JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS PART A : Reading comprehension Read the following texts and answer the questions below (10 points) Διαβάστε τα παρακάτω κείμενα και απαντήστε
1. Introducing the Odyssey The following sequence sets the scene for introducing the program at school and on arrival at the Garden. The adventure begins In the tenth year of the Trojan War, the Greeks
Αρχαία Μακεδονία: Μια γενική επισκόπηση Ιστορία Η Μακεδονία σχηματίζει έναν συνδετικό κρίκο ανάμεσα στα Βαλκάνια και την ελληνική χερσόνησο. Υπάρχουν τρεις σημαντικοί δρόμοι που συγκλίνουν προς την κοιλάδα
(p. 36) wonder (n) = sth amazing / θαύμα represent (v) = to be an example of / αντιπροσωπεύω, αποτελώ δείγμα wondrous (adj) = wonderful, fantastic / θαυμαστός human achievement (phr) = a great thing that
MELINA MERCOURI Melina Mercouri began as a great actress of the Greek cinema and theatre. During the years of junta when she was self-exiled in Paris, she fought in order to make known to everyone in the
SATURDAY-SUNDAY, DECEMBER 20-21, 2014 WE WISH YOU PEACE, HEALTH AND HAPPINESS. The National Herald THE NATIONAL HERALD www.thenationalherald.com THIS HOLIDAY INSERT WAS MADE POSSIBLE BY THE GENEROUS SUPPORT
ABSTRACT LEWIS, JESICA JAYD HARRISON. The Warrior s Banquet: Syssitia in Ancient Crete. (Under the direction of Dr. S. Thomas Parker.) Although the island of Crete is most famously known today as the homeland
Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Annunciation The Annunciator Rev. Fr. Paul A. Kaplanis, Dean (firstname.lastname@example.org) Rev. Fr. Christos P. Mars, Presbyter (email@example.com) Jonathan Resmini, Pastoral
by R. Grant Jones, Ph.D. July 2000 Revised and Converted to Adobe Acrobat Format February 2006 The author can be reached via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. Copyright 2000, 2006, R. Grant Jones.
P H A S I S Greek and Roman Studies VOLUME 12 2009 IVANE JAVAKHISHVILI TBILISI STATE UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF CLASSICAL, BYZANTINE AND MODERN GREEK STUDIES EDITORIAL BOARD: Rismag Gordeziani Editor-in-Chief
72 Από την ΑΓΙΑΣ ΣΟΦΙΑΣ και την ΑΓΙΟΥ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ στην ΙΩΝΟΣ ΔΡΑΓΟΥΜΗ και την ΠΑΡΑΛΙΑ 2 ος ΠΕΡΙΠΑΤΟΣ Πλατεία Αριστοτέλους άξονας οδού Αριστοτέλους (1) Κυρίαρχο στοιχείο στην οργάνωση της πόλης, σύμφωνα με
The CHARIOTEER An Annual Review of Modern Greek Culture NUMBER 36 1995-1996 SPECIAL DOUBLE ISSUE NIKOS GATSOS AMORGOS AND OTHER POEMS ram~~a by Marjorie Chambers, David Connolly C. Capri-Karka and Ilona
St. Theodore the General Monthly Newsletter METROPOLIS OF NEW JERSEY Volume 3, Issue 12 December 2011 Print Edition Greek Orthodox Metropolis Of New Jersey His Eminence Metropolitan EVANGELOS St. Theodore
The worldview of women in demotic historic, akritic and epic poetry of the late Byzantine Period (9 th Century to 1453) By VIRGINIA A. DELIGATOS STUDENT NO.: 909523642 Dissertation submitted in fulfillment
REVEALING NICOPOLIS: Ten Years of Research at Octavian s Victory City D. Kalpakis COLLOQUIUM After Actium: New Archaeological Finds from Roman Greece British Museum, November 12 th -14 th, 2003 PREFACE
Byzantine monuments of Naxos By Irene Gratsia* In Naxos, churches that were built during the Byzantine period, between the 6th and the 15th century, were scattered in plains, plateaus and massifs. Very
official publication of the pancretan association of america KPHTH may 2008 www.pancretan.org THE BATTLE OF CRETE TURNING POINT OF WORLD WAR II Halikoutes the Africans of Crete The blessing of the sheep
Copyright by Ann Marie Morgan 2014 The Dissertation Committee for Ann Marie Morgan Certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation: Family Matters in Roman Asia Minor: Elite Identity,
Anatolia College ΙΑΓΩΝΙΣΜΑ ΑΓΓΛΙΚΩΝ ΒΙΒΛΙΟ ΕΡΩΤΗΣΕΩΝ (2005) ιάρκεια 2 ώρες ANATOLIA COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAM 2005 Part 1. Writing in Greek ιαβάστε προσεχτικά το παρακάτω αγγλικό κείµενο καθώς και τις οδηγίες
A Clean Cloth What Greek Word Usage Tells Us about the Burial Wrappings of Jesus Diana Fulbright Director of Research, Shroud of Turin Center 12829 River Road Richmond, Virginia, 23233, USA 2005, DIANA
Delos, the Sacred island By Panayotis Hatzidakis* Even though it is one of the smallest islands in the Aegean, Delos (just 6,85 km 2 ) was the most famous and sacred of all islands in antiquity, since,
GREEK ORTHODOX ARCHDIOCESE OF AUSTRALIA HELLENIC COMMUNITY OF WA PARISH & COMMUNITY OF STS. CONSTANTINE & HELENE PARISH NEWSLETTER Fr. Elpidios Karalis 9328 7452 (T&F) 0407 260 071 (Mobile) Email address:
ORTHODOXY AND THE GREAT SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF AFRICA. THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE GREAT MONOTHEISTIC RELIGIONS TO THEIR SOLUTION INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE UNIVERSITY OF JOHANNESBURG - SOUTH AFRICA