GCE. Classics: Classical Greek. Mark Scheme for June Advanced Subsidiary GCE Unit F371: Classical Greek Language

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1 GCE Classics: Classical Greek Advanced Subsidiary GCE Unit F371: Classical Greek Language Mark Scheme for June 2013 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

2 OCR (Oxford Cambridge and RSA) is a leading UK awarding body, providing a wide range of qualifications to meet the needs of candidates of all ages and abilities. OCR qualifications include AS/A Levels, Diplomas, GCSEs, Cambridge Nationals, Cambridge Technicals, Functional Skills, Key Skills, Entry Level qualifications, NVQs and vocational qualifications in areas such as IT, business, languages, teaching/training, administration and secretarial skills. It is also responsible for developing new specifications to meet national requirements and the needs of students and teachers. OCR is a not-for-profit organisation; any surplus made is invested back into the establishment to help towards the development of qualifications and support, which keep pace with the changing needs of today s society. This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and students, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which marks were awarded by examiners. It does not indicate the details of the discussions which took place at an examiners meeting before marking commenced. All examiners are instructed that alternative correct answers and unexpected approaches in candidates scripts must be given marks that fairly reflect the relevant knowledge and skills demonstrated. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the published question papers and the report on the examination. OCR will not enter into any discussion or correspondence in connection with this mark scheme. OCR 2013

3 1 Annotations Annotation Meaning Slash Consequential error Extendable horizontal line - Major error Extendable horizontal wavy line Minor error/mistranslation Repetition / Repeated error Highlight Omission mark. Serious omission put 2 carat marks Wrong breathings 2 Subject-specific Marking Instructions Marking guidance 1 Draw a slash at the end of each section only if there is ambiguity as to where the section ends 2 Use a caret mark to indicate omissions 3 Underline a minor error with a wavy line, a serious error with a straight line, use CON for consequential errors, REP for repeated errors, highlight wrong or missing breathings 4 Long incorrect sections may be underlined once 1

4 Principles for interpreting generic descriptors for unseens 1. A minor error constitutes: a) a vocabulary error in an inflected word, where all endings are rendered correctly, but a serious error when the substitution completely ruins the sense. b) a single error in an inflected noun or verb ending c) the omission of a small word which does not significantly affect the meaning d) an error in word order which affects the meaning 2. A serious error constitutes: a) more than one minor error in a single word b) the omission of a significant word c) a missed construction 3. Any number of errors in a single word add up to no more that one serious error 4. Bracketed alternatives must be ignored if correct, but penalised if incorrect 5. Incorrect irrelevances must be ignored 6. Award 5 marks if there is up to 1 minor error 7. Award 4 marks if there are up to 2 minor errors (or the equivalent) 8. Award 3 marks if there are 3-4 minor errors (or the equivalent) BUT more than half the section is still correct 9. Award 2 marks if half the section is correct as subdivided in the standardisation notes 10. Award 1 mark if at least one unit of sense is rendered correctly: an inflected word with all its endings correct, or a propositional phrase; odd words out of context cannot be awarded credit Principles for interpreting generic descriptors for prose composition 1. Any single error within a word is minor 2. Any number of errors in a single word add up to no more than one serious error 3. The omission of an inflected word is a serious error. The omission of the uninflected word is a minor error 4. Accents are not expected, but breathings are: a) add up all the wrong/missing breathings at the end of the whole question b) ignore up to two wrong/missing breathings c) 3+ wrong/missing breathings are a serious error 5. Award 6 marks if there is up to 1 minor error 6. Award 5 marks if there are up to 3 minor errors (or the equivalent) 7. Award 4 marks if there are 4 minor errors (or the equivalent) 8. Award 3 marks if there are 5+ minor errors (or the equivalent) 9. Award 2 marks if about a third of the sentence is correct 10. Award 1 mark if at least one word is completely correct 2

5 A 1 This is not a definitive translation. Acceptable alternatives will be discussed at standardisation, but examiners should be ready to accept any translation that accurately renders the meaning. The passage has been divided into 14 sections, each worth 5 marks. Award up to 5 marks per translated section according to the 5-mark marking grid. [5] Correct translation [as agreed at Standardisation], with one minor error allowed [4] One serious error or two minor errors; otherwise the meaning is conveyed [3] Most of the meaning conveyed, but several errors (i) Κόδρου γὰρ βασιλεύοντος, τοῖς Πελοποννησίοις ἔδοξε στρατεύειν ἐπὶ τὴν πόλιν ἡμῶν. For while Kodros was king, the Peloponnesians decided to march against our city. (ii) καὶ πρῶτον μὲν εἰς Δελφοὺς ἀποστείλαντες 1 ἠρώτων τὸν θεὸν εἰ λήψονται τὰς Ἀθήνας: And having first sent an embassy to Delphi, they asked the god if they would capture Athens. 5 Accept gen abs = with ing ἐπὶ = to minor error Accept upon/on/onto Accept to make an expedition to fight = minor error Accept it seemed right γὰρ omitted = minor error πρωτον = previously = minor error 5 asking = minor error Accept sending/ they sent asking/they sent and asked Accept might/could/should capture in order to ask = minor error to ask = minor error they sent = minor error they sent to ask = minor error If they could/should/would leave = minor error Repeated he = serious error [2] Half the meaning conveyed; the rest seriously flawed [1] A minority of meaning conveyed [0] No elements of meaning conveyed, no relation to the Greek at all NB Consequential errors should not be penalised. 3

6 (iii) ἀποκρινομένου δὲ τοῦ θεοῦ ὅτι τὴν πόλιν αἱρήσουσιν ἐὰν μὴ τὸν βασιλέα τὸν Ἀθηναίων ἀποκτείνωσιν, And since the god replied that they would take the city if they did not kill the king of the Athenians, 5 μὴ = lest = serious error Accept of Athens if the king did not die = serious error was not killed = minor error if no agent Accept could/would take (iv) (v) ἐστράτευον ἐπὶ τὰς Ἀθήνας. ἱερεὺς δέ τις πυθόμενος τὸ χρηστήριον λάθρᾳ ἐξήγγειλε τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις. they marched against Athens. But a certain priest found out the oracle and secretly announced it to the Athenians. οἱ δὲ πρόγονοι ἡμῶν, οὐ λιπόντες τὴν χώραν, οὔτε τὴν πατρίδα οὔτε τὰ ἱερὰ τοῖς πολεμίοις παρέδοσαν, Our ancestors, without leaving their country, surrendered neither their country nor their temples to the enemy, 5 Accept if δέ omitted Accept ἐπὶ = on / upon (check for repeat in section i) πυθόμενος = having asked = minor error Position of λάθρᾳ interchangeable 5 οὐ omitted = serious error Accept did not leave nor.. unless meaning distorted Accept χώραν = place; if city = minor error betrayed = minor error 4

7 (vi) ἀλλ ὀλίγοι ὄντες ἐπολιορκοῦντο. καὶ οὕτως ἦσαν ἀνδρεῖοι οἱ τότε βασιλεύοντες (vii) but despite being few, they were besieged. And those ruling at that time were so brave ὥστε ᾑροῦντο ἀποθνῄσκειν ὑπὲρ τῆς τῶν ἀρχομένων σωτηρίας μᾶλλον ἢ ζῆν. that they chose to die on behalf of the safety of their subjects rather than live. (viii) λέγουσι γοῦν ὅτι ὁ Κόδρος λαβὼν πτωχοῦ 2 στολὴν 3 ἵνα ἐξαπατήσῃ τοὺς πολεμίους, They say at any rate that Kodros, taking the clothes of a beggar in order to deceive the enemy 5 Accept they were besieged (aor) Accept οὕτως = in this way/thus IF ὥστε = so that is translated IF with the result that = minor error IF no result meaning = serious error Omitted ὄντες = serious error Accept the kings/the rulers Accept τότε in the wrong place; IF omitted = serious error The king s men = serious error 5 the rulers = serious error the ruling = minor error IF noun = serious error of those beginning = serious error τῶν ἀρχομένων = the kingdom /the empire = minor error Accept more than Accept ζῆν = living, but life = minor error they asked = minor error they were taken = minor error Accept to be killed 5 ὅτι = this = serious error they said = minor error (not historic present) so that he fooled = minor error Accept λαβw_ν = (having) put on or taking Accept it is said γοῦν omitted = minor error 5

8 (ix) φρύγανα 4 συνέλεγε πρὸ τῆς πόλεως προσελθόντων δ αὐτῷ δυοῖν ἀνδρῶν ἐκ τοῦ στρατοπέδου, (x) (xi) was collecting firewood in front of the city; when two men approached him from the camp, τὸν ἕτερον αὐτῶν ἀπέκτεινε, ὁ δὲ καταλελειμμένος, he killed one of them, while the one left behind, νομίσας πτωχὸν 2 εἶναι, ἀπέκτεινε τὸν Κόδρον. 5 Accept collected προσελθόντων = around = minor error, προσ omitted = minor error for the city = minor error towards two men = minor error αὐτῷ omitted = minor error Accept camp = army Brought/took = minor error 5 ὁ δὲ must be a conjunction, accept and he; but if omitted = serious error having been taken down = serious error τὸν ἕτερον = the other = minor error Accept the one who remained αὐτῶν omitted = serious error 5 him omitted = minor error (xii) thinking that he was a beggar, killed Kodros. καὶ οἱ μὲν Ἀθηναῖοι κήρυκα πέμψαντες ᾔτησαν αὐτοὺς δοῦναι τὸν βασιλέα θάψαι, And the Athenians sent a herald and asked them to give them their king to bury, 5 Accept sending Accept begged Accept to be buried some Athenians = minor error to give the king a burial = serious error for burial = minor error if they could bury the king = serious error they sent to ask = minor error Accept they sent asking 6

9 (xiii) λέγοντες αὐτοῖς ἅπαντα. οἱ δὲ 5 Accept ἀπέδοσαν = gave away /gave Πελοποννήσιοι τοῦτον μὲν ἀπέδοσαν, τοῦτον = this = minor error to all of them = serious error telling them everything. And the Peloponnesians gave him back, (xiv) γνόντες δ ὡς οὐκέτι δύνανται τὴν χώραν λαβεῖν ἀπεχώρησαν. and realising that they would no longer be able to take the country they withdrew. 5 οὐκέτι = in no way = minor error δ omitted = minor error it was no longer possible = minor error (if no for them) judging = minor error the city = minor error (see section v for repeated errors) Accept the place ὡς missed IS = serious error 7

10 B 2 This is not a definitive translation. Acceptable alternatives will be discussed at standardisation, but examiners should be ready to accept any translation that accurately renders the meaning. (i) (ii) ὦ σύμμαχοι, τὰ ὅπλα οἷς δεῖ χρῆσθαι παρεσκεύασται. ἐγὼ γὰρ εὑρίσκω τὴν ὁδὸν O allies, the weapons which it is necessary to use have been prepared. For I find that the journey πλέον ἢ πεντεκαίδεκα ἡμερῶν ἐσομένην, ἐν ᾗ οὐδὲν εὑρήσομεν τῶν ἐπιτηδείων. will be more than 15 days, on which we will find no provisions. οὐδὲν accept no, none of, nothing of The passage has been divided into 6 sections worth 5 marks. Award up to 5 marks per translated section according to the 5-mark marking grid. 5 prepare! = serious error prepare the arms = Consequential error Accept which are necessary were prepared = minor error οἷς omitted = serious error Accept are prepared 5 πλέον = better = minor error Accept during which πλέον ἢ omitted = serious error for which = minor error Accept useful things 5] Correct translation (as agreed at Standardisation), with one minor error allowed [4] One serious error or two minor errors; otherwise the meaning is conveyed [3] Most of the meaning conveyed, but several errors [2] Half the meaning conveyed; the rest seriously flawed [1] A minority of meaning conveyed [0] No elements of meaning conveyed, no relation to the Greek at all NB Consequential errors should not be penalised. 8

11 (iii) παρασκευάζεσθαι οὖν χρὴ σῖτον μὲν ἱκανόν 5 Accept to provide Accept we would/should/will/shall be ἄνευ γὰρ τούτου οὔτε μάχεσθαι οὔτε ζῆν able δυναίμεθ ἄν (iv) (v) Therefore it is necessary to prepare sufficient food; for without this, we would not be able to fight or live; οἴνου δὲ μικρόν τι μόνον δεῖ ἔχειν, ἵνα μηδὲν κακὸν πάθωμεν ὕστερον ὑδροποτοῦντες 1 : but we must only have a little wine, in order not to suffer any evil later by drinking water. πολλὴ γὰρ τῆς ὁδοῦ ἔσται ἄοινος. ἵνα οὖν μὴ ἐξαίφνης νόσοις πίπτωμεν, ἄοινοι γενόμενοι, ὧδε χρὴ ποιεῖν 5 to keep = minor error Accept badly μηδὲν omitted before badly = minor error (not badly = minor error) no one suffers = serious error 5 Accept ἄοινος = sober there being no wine = serious error there will be no wine = minor error for much of the journey will be wineless. Therefore in order not to suddenly fall ill, having become wineless, we must act in this way: Privative α needed. 9

12 (vi) σὺν τῷ σίτῳ νῦν εὐθὺς ἀρχώμεθα πίνειν ὕδωρ: τοῦτο γὰρ ἤδη ποιοῦντες οὐ πολὺ πεισόμεθα. Let us immediately now begin drinking water with our food; for if we do this already, we will not suffer much. 5 Accept with food we will begin = minor error we are beginning = minor error we must begin = minor error we will persuade = serious error we will obey = minor error Exhortation needed. Accept any correct rendering of the participle 10

13 B 3 There are many acceptable ways of translating the above sentences into correct Greek. Acceptable alternatives will be agreed at standardisation, but examiners should be ready to accept any Greek that accurately renders the meaning. Each sentence is worth 6 marks. Award up to 6 marks for each sentence according to the 6-mark marking grid. [6] Correct translation [as agreed at standardisation], with one minor error allowed [5] Minor errors only in syntax or accidence [4] Rather more errors, but a good proportion of sentence correct [3] Around half the accidence and syntax correct [2] Accidence and syntax seriously flawed [1] Very little correct Greek [0] No correct Greek at all NB Consequential errors should not be penalised. (a) The general attacked the enemy in order to capture the city. ὁ στρατηγος προσεβαλε τοις πολεμιοις ἱνα την πολιν λαβοί λαβῃ. 6 ὁς + future verb = serious error + minor error Accept ἱνα λαμβανῃ 11

14 (b) The woman buried her brother s corpse during the 6 night. (c) (d) (e) ἡ γυνη ἐθαψε τον του ἀδελφου νεκρον της νυκτος. Genitive sandwich not needed. The unjust judges said that the old man must die. οἱ ἀδικοι κριται ἐφασαν τον γεροντα δειν ἀποθνῃσκειν. The orator was so clever that all the citizens were immediately persuaded. ὁ ῥητωρ οὑτω σοφος ἠν ὡστε παντες οἱ πολιται εὐθυς ἐπεισθησαν / παντας τους πολιτας πειθεσθαι / πιθεσθαι / πεισθηναι. Active voice is acceptable instead of passive, provided that all the elements of the English are rendered. If the Athenians had listened, they would not have been defeated. εἰ οἱ Ἀθηναιοι ἠκουσαν, οὐκ ἀν ἐνικηθησαν. 6 6 Accept παντας των πολιτων ἐπιθοντο = minor error 6 ἀν omitted = minor error Accept ἀν οὐκ μη = minor error 12

15 OCR (Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations) 1 Hills Road Cambridge CB1 2EU OCR Customer Contact Centre Education and Learning Telephone: Facsimile: For staff training purposes and as part of our quality assurance programme your call may be recorded or monitored Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations is a Company Limited by Guarantee Registered in England Registered Office; 1 Hills Road, Cambridge, CB1 2EU Registered Company Number: OCR is an exempt Charity OCR (Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations) Head office Telephone: Facsimile: OCR 2013

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