1 Editorial Team Jean Vinten Helen Tsismetsis Vicky Nash Maria Ioannou ISBN Super Course System Aegaleo Strovolos Nicosia, Cyprus All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of the publisher.
2 Contents LESSONS GRAMMAR pp. Remember Lesson 1 Remember Lesson 2 Countable Nouns Uncountable Nouns How many / much...? Present Simple Adverbs of Frequency Present Continuous Present Continuous vs. Present Simple Subject & Object Pronouns Possessive Adjectives & Possessive Pronouns Possessive Case Prepositions of Place Introductions Non Continuous Verbs Prepositions of Time Dance, music, drama and sports Future Tenses The amazing world of superheroes Modal Verbs Are you a Super Kid? Could - Was / Were able to Had to / Didn t have to Betty s diary Adjectives & Adverbs: Comparative & Superlative Degrees Revision Lesson 1 Lessons Exciting, boring, stressful or frightening? Past Simple: Regular & Irregular Verbs Kate s first history lesson Past Continuous Used to From the big screen to the stage Present Perfect Simple Present Perfect Continuous The New York City scrapbook Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Continuous Saving wildlife Zero, 1st, 2nd & 3rd Conditionals Revision Lesson 2 Lessons A children s paradise Future Perfect Simple Modal Perfect Under the weather I wish - If only Tim s geography quiz Passive Voice What s got into you? Question Tags Nature s wonders on display Relative Pronouns & Clauses Revision Lesson 3 Lessons Are you spoiled? Full vs. Bare Infinitive Too & Enough Blogging about Canada The Gerund Be / Get used to Are you a party animal? Reflexive / Emphatic Pronouns Causative Form He s got talent! Indirect Speech (1): Statements An unforgettable day Indirect Speech (2): Questions, Commands, Requests Revision Lesson 4 Lessons Irregular Verbs 157 Verbs & Tenses Writing Projects Lesson Plan 3 Coursebook answer key & listening transcripts quick steps 3
3 LESSON PLAN 1 Remember Lesson 1 Countable Nouns - Uncountable Nouns How much / many...? - Present Simple Adverbs of Frequency 2 Remember Lesson 2 Present Continuous - Present Continuous vs. Present Simple - Subject & Object Pronouns Possessive Adjectives & Possessive Pronouns Possessive Case - Prepositions of Place 3 Lesson 1 Introductions Non-continuous Verbs - Prepositions of Time 4 Lesson 2 Dance, music, drama & sports Future Tenses 5 Lesson 3 The amazing world of superheroes Modal Verbs 6 Lesson 4 Are you a super kid? Could - Was / Were able to Had to / Didn't have to 7 Lesson 5 Betty's diary Adjectives & Adverbs: Comparative & Superlative Degrees 8 Revision Lesson 1 (Lessons 1-5) TEST 1 9 Lesson 6 Exciting, boring, stressful or frightening? Past Simple: Regular & Irregular Verbs 10 Lesson 7 Kate's first history lesson Past Continuous - Used to 11 Lesson 8 From the big screen to the stage Present Perfect Simple - Have gone / been to / in Present Perfect Continuous 12 Lesson 9 The New York City scrapbook Adjectives & Adverbs: use, form & order 13 Lesson 10 Saving wildlife Zero, 1st, 2nd & 3rd Conditionals 14 Revision Lesson 2 (Lessons 6-10) TEST 2 15 Lesson 11 A children's paradise Future Perfect Simple - Modal Perfect 16 Lesson 12 Under the weather I wish / If only 17 Lesson 13 Tim's geography quiz Passive Voice 18 Lesson 14 What's got into you? Question Tags 19 Lesson 15 Nature's wonders on display Relative Pronouns & Clauses 20 Revision Lesson 3 (Lessons 11-15) TEST 3 21 Lesson 16 Are you spoiled? Full vs. Bare Infinitive - Too & Enough 22 Lesson 17 Blogging about Canada The Gerund - Be / Get used to 23 Lesson 18 Are you a party animal? Reflexive / Emphatic Pronouns Causative Form 24 Lesson 19 He's got talent! Indirect Speech (1): Statements, 25 Lesson 20 An unforgettable day Indirect Speech (2): Questions, Commands, Requests 26 Revision Lesson 4 (Lessons 15-20) TEST 4 NOTE: 4 Writing projects have been included for teachers to use at their discretion depending on the time available. These can be taught as extra lessons before each Revision Lesson, or assigned as homework. quick steps 3 3
4 Remember 1 Countable Nouns Μετρήσιμα ουσιαστικά με ομαλό πληθυντικό Ο ομαλός πληθυντικός των μετρήσιμων ουσιαστικών σχηματίζεται με τις καταλήξεις -s, -es, -ies ή -ves, ανάλογα με την περίπτωση. Κατάληξη -s: για τα περισσότερα ουσιαστικά book > books Κατάληξη -es: για ουσιαστικά που λήγουν σε -s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o class > classes, brush > brushes, box > boxes, potato > potatoes Εξαιρέσεις: κάποια ουσιαστικά σε -o, photo > photos, piano > pianos, kilo > kilos, video > videos Κατάληξη -ies: για ουσιαστικά που λήγουν σε σύμφωνο + y baby > babies, party > parties. Αλλά: boy > boys. Κατάληξη -ves: για ουσιαστικά που λήγουν σε -f και -fe leaf > leaves, life > lives. Εξαίρεση: roof > roofs Μετρήσιμα ουσιαστικά με ανώμαλο πληθυντικό Υπάρχουν και κάποια ουσιαστικά που έχουν ανώμαλο πληθυντικό. Είτε παραμένουν ίδια sheep > sheep fish > fish deer > deer species > species Είτε αλλάζει ένα γράμμα ή δύο foot > feet woman > women goose > geese Είτε μπαίνει άλλη κατάληξη child > children ox > oxen Είτε αλλάζουν εντελώς mouse > mice person > people 1. Fill in with the plural forms of the nouns: dish diary fox radio knife toy wolf city person photo glass species loaf woman potato lady wife goose kilo story -s -es -ies -ves irregular radios dishes diaries knives people toys foxes cities wolves species photos glasses ladies loaves women kilos potatoes stories wives geese Πριν από μετρήσιμα ουσιαστικά πληθυντικού αριθμού: Βάζουμε How many...? (Πόσοι, -ες, -α...;) Βάζουμε a lot of, plenty of & some (στην κατάφαση) Βάζουμε many & any (στην ερώτηση και την άρνηση) How many people are there in London? We ve got a lot of / plenty of / some geese in our garden. Are there many / any boys in your class? She hasn t got many / any friends at school. 2. Fill in with: 3. Choose and circle. 1. Are there lions in this zoo? many - any - a lot of - some a. any b. plenty of c. some 1. I haven't got many friends at school. Just two. 2. We haven't got boys in our class. 2. I live in a big city with a lot of people in it. a. some b. a lot of c. many 3. How many pen friends have you got? 3. How fish are there in that tank? 4. Don't be afraid. There aren't any a. a lot of b. many c. any mice here. 4. He's very popular, so he's got fans. 5. Let's buy some flowers for mum today. a. many b. plenty of c. any 6. There aren't many / any eggs in the fridge. 5. Let's have pancakes for breakfast. a. any b. many c. some 4 quick steps 3
5 Uncountable Nouns Τα μη μετρήσιμα ουσιαστικά δεν έχουν πληθυντικό διότι δεν μπορούμε να τα αριθμήσουμε. Δε λέμε one water, two waters. Είναι πάντα στον ενικό, δεν παίρνουν a / an και συντάσσονται με ρήμα ενικού αριθμού. Μη μετρήσιμα είναι αρκετά τρόφιμα και ποτά όπως: cheese, ham, butter, bread, meat, flour, milk, water, juice, coffee, coke, beer, etc. Όταν θέλουμε να μιλήσουμε συγκεκριμένα για την ποσότητά τους, βάζουμε πριν από αυτά άλλα ουσιαστικά που είναι μετρήσιμα και δείχνουν το βάρος τους, τη συσκευασία τους, κτλ. Ενδιάμεσα μπαίνει πάντα η πρόθεση of. Παραδείγματα: a slice of cheese a bag of flour a kilo of meat a packet of spaghetti a loaf of bread a bar of chocolate a piece of cake a bowl of sugar a can of beer a carton of milk a jar of honey a glass of lemonade a bottle of juice a litre of wine a cup of coffee a jug of water 4. Fill in the shopping list. 5. Choose and circle. loaf/-ves 1. Two kilos of meat. carton(s) 2. One carton of juice. slice(s) 3. Four cans of beer. packet(s) 4. One loaf of bread. jar(s) 5. Three packets of spaghetti. bag(s) 6. One bag of sugar. can(s) 7. Ten slices of ham. kilo(s) 8. One jar of jam. 1. Can I have a of cake, please? a. loaf b. piece 2. Is there a of water in the fridge? a. jug b. jar 3. Where s my of tea? a. glass b. cup 4. Let s buy a of chocolate for Liz. a. bag b. bar 5. Have we got enough of bread? a. loaves b. litres 6. Please, give me the of sugar. a. bowl b. bar 7. Drink at least one of water a day. a. kilo b. litre 8. Let s get two of beer, too. a. cans b. bars Πριν από μη μετρήσιμα ουσιαστικά: Βάζουμε How much...? (Πόσος, -η, -ο...;) How much orange juice have we got? Βάζουμε a lot of, plenty of & some (στην κατάφαση) We ve got a lot of / plenty of / some juice in our fridge. Βάζουμε much & any (στην ερώτηση και την άρνηση) Is there much / any sugar in the bowl? There isn t much / any honey in the jar. 6. Fill in with: much - any - plenty of - some much 1. There isn t orange juice left. Only a glass or two. 2. Let s make some spaghetti for dinner. There s half a packet left in the cupboard. 3. Isn t there any milk left? Oh, no! I can t drink my coffee black! 4. We ve got plenty of beer left. Ten cans at least! 5. How much lemonade is there in the fridge? 7. Write sentences with There is / isn t and: a lot of - much - any There is a lot of beer There isn't much chocolate. 3. There isn't much milk. 4. There is a lot of honey. 5. There isn't any jam. 6. There isn't any apple juice HONEY HONEY Jam Πρόσεξε ότι μη μετρήσιμα ουσιαστικά είναι κι άλλες λέξεις που έχεις μάθει (εκτός από τρόφιμα και ποτά), όπως: money homework housework information furniture luggage Κι ενώ στα ελληνικά έχουν και ενικό και πληθυντικό, στα αγγλικά έχουν μόνο ενικό, αλλά με σημασία πληθυντικού. I ve got plenty of homework. (όχι homeworks) We ve got some new furniture. (όχι furnitures) There isn t much money left. (όχι There aren t many moneys) quick steps 3 5
6 8. Fill in with How much - How many and a noun. 1. How much butter have we got? (butter) How many peaches 2. can you eat? (peach) 3. How many glasses of wine can I drink? (glass) 4. How much cheese would you like? (cheese) 5. How many stories can you tell us? (story) 6. How much luggage have you got? (luggage) 7. How many teeth has the baby got? (tooth) 8. How many brushes do you need? (brush) 9. Choose and circle. 1. I would like tea, please. a. any b. a cup of c. many 3. Have you got money left? a. many b. much c. plenty of 5. What lovely furniture! expensive? a. Is it b. Are they c. Are you 7. There are cars in the city centre. a. a lot of b. much c. any 2. How many of ham are there? a. loaves b. bars c. slices 4. Have we got any left? a. flours b. bag of flour c. flour 6. Are you afraid of? a. mice b. mouse c. mouses 8. Let s buy from the supermarket. a. milks b. some milk c. a milk Present Simple: Affirmative Ενεστώτας Απλός - Κατάφαση I play you play he/she/it plays we play you play they play 6 quick steps 3 AFFIRMATIVE I wash you wash he/she/it washes we wash you wash they wash I lie you lie he/she/it lies we lie you lie they lie Spelling Rules Στην κατάφαση του 3 ου ενικού (he, she, it), το ρήμα έχει κατάληξη -s. come > comes, run > runs Τα ρήματα που τελειώνουν σε -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o, στο 3 ο ενικό, παίρνουν την κατάληξη -es. kiss > kisses, dish > dishes, watch > watches, fax > faxes, go > goes Στα ρήματα που λήγουν σε σύμφωνο και -y, το y γίνεται i και μπαίνει η κατάληξη -es. cry > cries, fly > flies But: say > says Use O Present Simple χρησιμοποιείται κυρίως: για συνήθειες ή πράξεις που επαναλαμβάνονται συχνά. We often go to the cinema. για γενικές αλήθειες ή φυσικά φαινόμενα. It always rains here in winter. για μόνιμες καταστάσεις. Dad works in London. για δρομολόγια και προγράμματα. The flight to Berlin leaves at 10:00 am. 10. Write the 3 rd person singular of the verbs in the Present Simple. wash carry eat buy fly fix sleep teach cry study go stay -s -es -ies eats washes carries buys fixes flies sleeps teaches cries stays goes studies Adverbs of Frequency Επιρρήματα Συχνότητας always often usually sometimes rarely never Τα adverbs of frequency δείχνουν πόσο συχνά κάνουμε κάτι και μπαίνουν: πριν από κύριο ρήμα. Tom usually goes on holiday in June. μετά από τα βοηθητικά ρήματα. I don t often drink coffee. 11. Write sentences with adverbs of frequency in the Present Simple. 1. They - do - the dishes together (sometimes) They sometimes do the dishes together. 2. My brother - be - very funny (usually) My brother is usually very funny. 3. Grandma - watch - TV with us (often) Grandma often watches TV with us. 4. I - be - hungry in the morning (never) I am never hungry in the morning.
7 Present Simple: Interrogative & Negative Ενεστώτας Aπλός - Ερώτηση & Άρνηση Ο χρόνος αυτός σχηματίζεται στην ερώτηση και την άρνηση με το βοηθητικό ρήμα do / does, το οποίο εδώ δεν σημαίνει «κάνω» και δεν μεταφράζεται. Πρόσεξε ότι τόσο στην ερώτηση, όσο και στην άρνηση ΔΕΝ βάζουμε πλέον στο ρήμα τις καταλήξεις -s, -es και -ies της κατάφασης στα πρόσωπα he, she, it. Does he wash? (Όχι: Does he washes?) Does she study? (Όχι: Does she studies?) She doesn t go. (Όχι: She doesn t goes.) He doesn t carry. (Όχι: He doesn t carries.) INTERROGATIVE Do I play? Do you play? Does he play? Does she play? Does it play? Do we play? Do you play? Do they play? Short Answers Σχηματίζουμε τις σύντομες απαντήσεις του Present Simple με Yes / No, την αντίστοιχη προσωπική αντωνυμία και do / don t ή does / doesn t. - Do you like milk? - Yes, I do. / - No, I don t. - Does Tim play tennis? - Yes, he does. / - No, he doesn t. 12. Fill in with Do - Does and give short answers. 13. Choose and circle. 1. Do you often go to the cinema? P Yes, I/we do. 2. Does your sister drink tea? O No, she doesn t. 3. Does Mr Green teach English? O No, he doesn't. 4. Do the kids like cartoons? P Yes, they do. 5. Do vegetarians eat chicken? O No, they don't. 6. Does Mary watch horror films? P Yes, she does. NEGATIVE I don t play you don t play he doesn t play she doesn t play it doesn t play we don t play you don t play they don t play 1. Dad does / doesn t work on Saturdays. 2. What time does Jo has / have English classes? 3. Some of my friends don t / doesn t like maths. 4. Where do she / you usually spend summer? 5. Does / Do anyone here know what this is? 6. I m afraid Lia doesn t study / studies enough. Key Words / Phrases Οι χρονικές εκφράσεις που δείχνουν κάθε πότε κάνουμε κάτι συνοδεύουν τον Present Simple. every day / week / month / year... once / twice / three times a week / a year in the morning / summer in January / March / autumn / spring... on Mondays / Wednesday afternoons... at night / Christmas / midnight / ten o clock at the weekend / at weekends Τέτοιες εκφράσεις μπαίνουν είτε στην αρχή, είτε στο τέλος των προτάσεων. I go to school every day. At weekends we meet our friends in the park. Για να ρωτήσουμε πόσο συχνά γίνεται κάτι χρησιμοποιούμε το How often...? How often do you travel abroad? 14. Fill in the questions with do / does and answer with time expressions What time do you take the bus to school? (8:30) - I take the bus to school at half past eight When does Helen study for school? (evening) - She studies for school in the evening How often does Mr Brown eat fast food? (twice a week) - He eats fast food twice a week When do the Smiths go to the beach? (summer) - They go to the beach in (the) summer When does your dad wash the car? (weekend) - He washes the car at the weekend. 15. Ask When - questions and answer as in the example. When does Ted have has at noon 1. - lunch? - He lunch. (Ted - have lunch - noon) 2. - When do the girls tidy up? - They tidy up on Saturdays. (the girls - tidy up - Saturdays) 3. - When do the boys wake up? - They wake up at 7 o'clock. (the boys - wake up - 7 o clock) 4. - When does Mrs Pitt drive home? - She drives home in the evening. (Mrs Pitt - drive home - evening) 5. - When do you get together? - We get together at weekends. (you - get together - weekends) 6. - When does Mike study for school? - He studies for school at night. (Mike - study for school - night) quick steps 3 7
8 Remember 2 Present Continuous: Affirmative Ενεστώτας Διαρκείας - Κατάφαση Για να σχηματίσουμε τον Present Continuous χρησιμοποιούμε το βοηθητικό ρήμα be (am / is / are) και το ρήμα με την κατάληξη -ing. Πρόσεξε τους παρακάτω κανόνες ορθογραφίας: Τα μονοσύλλαβα ρήματα που τελειώνουν σε σύμφωνο - φωνήεν - σύμφωνο διπλασιάζουν το τελευταίο σύμφωνο και παίρνουν την κατάληξη -ing. jog + -ing > jogging, stop + -ing > stopping Εξαίρεση: travel + -ing > travelling, begin + -ing > beginning Προσοχή: Τα χ, y, w δε διπλασιάζονται. fax + -ing > faxing, chew + -ing > chewing Όταν το ρήμα λήγει σε -e και πριν απ αυτό υπάρχει σύμφωνο, τότε φεύγει το -e και μπαίνει η κατάληξη -ing. make + -ing > making But: see + -ing > seeing Αν το ρήμα τελειώνει σε -ie, τότε φεύγει το -ie, στη θέση του μπαίνει y και ακολουθεί η κατάληξη -ing. lie + -ing > lying AFFIRMATIVE I am / I m playing you are / you re playing he is / he s playing she is / she s playing it is / it s playing we are / we re playing you are / you re playing they are / they re playing Use: Ο Present Continuous χρησιμοποιείται: για πράξεις που γίνονται τη στιγμή που μιλάμε. Dad is washing up now. The kids are playing tennis. για πράξεις που γίνονται προσωρινά για αυτή τη χρονική περίοδο. Fay is learning French. I am staying with my aunt. Key Words / Phrases now, right now, at the moment, today, tonight, this week, this month, this year,... και οτιδήποτε άλλο μας δείχνει ότι κάτι γίνεται τώρα, τη στιγμή που μιλάμε και / ή ότι είναι μια προσωρινή κατάσταση. 1. Fill in with the Present Continuous. 2. Fill in with the Present Continuous: 1. come I am coming sleep read play have watch do 2. put You are putting 3. show He is showing 4. study She is studying 5. run It is running 6. make We are making 7. lie You are lying 8. hide They are hiding is doing It is a quiet evening in Ricky s house tonight. Ricky 1 his homework. His parents 2 are watching TV. His cat 3 is sleeping on the sofa. His sisters 4 are playing board games. His grandpa 5 is reading a book. But... wait a minute! What s that noise?... Oh, no! His neighbours 6 are having a party! Present Continuous: Interrogative & Negative Ενεστώτας Διαρκείας: Ερώτηση & Άρνηση INTERROGATIVE Am I playing? Are you playing? Is he playing?... Short Answers - Are you joking? - Yes, I am. / - No, I m not. - Is Tim studying? - Yes, he is. / - No, he isn t. 8 quick steps 3 NEGATIVE I m not playing you aren t playing he isn t playing Fill in with the Present Continuous. 1. P Sandra is talking (talk) on the phone.? Is Sandra talking on the phone? O Sandra isn t talking on the phone. 2. P His cousins are staying (stay) here this month.? Are his cousins staying here this month? His cousins aren't staying here this month. O 4. Ask What - questions What is Sam reading? - Sam is reading a sports magazine What is the baby holding? - The baby is holding a pencil What are the children eating? - The children are eating ice-cream What is aunt Mary making? - Aunt Mary is making a cake What are those boys playing? - Those boys are playing cards.
9 Present Continuous vs. Present Simple Use of Present Continuous Ο Present Continuous χρησιμοποιείται για πράξεις που γίνονται τώρα ή προσωρινά και συνοδεύεται από χρονικές λέξεις και εκφράσεις που δείχνουν ότι η πράξη, είτε γίνεται τη στιγμή που μιλάμε, είτε είναι μία προσωρινή κατάσταση. now, right now, at the moment, this week, this weekend, this month, this year, today, tonight,... Υπάρχουν όμως κι άλλες ενδείξεις για το ότι κάτι γίνεται τη στιγμή που μιλάμε, όπως: Look! Listen! κτλ. Κάποιες φορές, κυρίως με ρήματα που δηλώνουν μετακίνηση, ο χρόνος αυτός χρησιμοποιείται και για πράξεις που θα γίνουν στο κοντινό μέλλον και οι οποίες είναι προγραμματισμένες και σίγουρες. He s leaving Scotland tomorrow. They re going to Paris this weekend. We re flying back to London in two hours. 5. Choose and circle. 1. They are sleeping at the moment / every day. 2. Do you meet your Jo this weekend / at weekends? 3. Ted snores loudly tonight / every night. 4. I m going to a music school this year / on Fridays. 5. Are the kids having breakfast now / in the morning? 6. He doesn t watch TV today / in the afternoon. 7. We are staying at a hotel this week / once a week. 6. Choose and circle. 1. I history at the moment. a. am studying b. study c. am studing 2. We brunch today at 11:00. a. are having b. have c. are haveing 3. the girls back home now? a. Do... come b. Are... comeing c. Are... coming 4. Grandma cakes every day. a. doesn't makes b. isn t making c. doesn t make 5. Jimmy on a farm this month. a. is working b. works c. work 6. Our neighbours three dogs. a. has b. have c. are having 7. What you usually at weekends? a. is... doing b. do... do c. are... doing 8. Where Ted tomorrow? a. are... going b. does... go c. is... going Use of Present Simple Ο Present Simple χρησιμοποιείται για συνήθειες που έχουμε, δείχνοντας ότι κάτι επαναλαμβάνεται τακτικά και για μόνιμες καταστάσεις. Συνοδεύεται από χρονικές λέξεις και εκφράσεις που δείχνουν πόσο συχνά ή κάθε πότε κάνουμε κάτι. always, often, usually, sometimes, never once, twice, three times a (day / week / month / year...) every day / week / month / year..., in the morning, in the evening, on Mondays, at the weekend,... Επίσης χρησιμοποιείται με το ρήμα have (χωρίς το got) όταν σημαίνει «έχω». I don t have enough money. / Does he have a car? Αλλά: Όταν το ρήμα have σημαίνει "τρώω, πίνω, κάνω" και μιλάμε για πράξη που κάνουμε τώρα, θα βάλουμε Present Continuous. I m having breakfast now. Subject & Object Pronouns Προσωπικές Αντωνυμίες Subject Pronouns I (εγώ) you (εσύ) he (αυτός) she (αυτή) it (αυτό) we (εμείς) you (εσείς) they (αυτοί, -ές, -ά) Object Pronouns me (εμένα, με) you (εσένα, σε) him (αυτόν, τον) her (αυτήν, την) it (αυτό, το) us (εμάς, μας) you (εσάς, σας) them (αυτούς, -ές, -ά / τους, τις, τα) Τα subject pronouns είναι οι προσωπικές αντωνυμίες που βάζουμε ΠΡΙΝ από τα ρήματα. Οι αντωνυμίες αυτές είναι τα υποκείμενα των ρημάτων. Δείχνουν ποιός κάνει αυτό που λέει το ρήμα. I hate geography. / You are my best friend. / He is worried. She likes zoology. / It is cold. / We have got a dog. / They live in the UK. Για κάθε subject pronoun, υπάρχει αντίστοιχο object pronoun. Τα object pronouns είναι προσωπικές αντωνυμίες που βάζουμε ΜΕΤΑ τα ρήματα ως αντικείμενά τους. Δείχνουν σε ποιόν (ή σε τι) πηγαίνει η ενέργεια του ρήματος. - Can you help me? - Of course I can help you. Give him your book. / You can call her Chris or Christine. Where s my book? I can t find it. / We re here. Can t you see us? / We can call them English or British. Τα object pronouns μπαίνουν επίσης μετά από προθέσεις. Can you study with me? / Some of them are English. Can you cook for us? / I ve got a present for her. / Don t worry about us. quick steps 3 9
10 7. Choose and circle. 8. Rewrite the sentences. 1. Sandra is online. Let s send it / her a short You and Jean are my best friends and I trust you / us. 3. That rubber is ours. Give it back to them / us, please. 4. What a cute little cat! Can I touch it / them? 5. Those ducks look very hungry. Let s feed him / them. 6. Our teacher talks too quickly. We don t understand her / us. 1. This flower shop belongs to Mrs Watson. It belongs to her. 2. My sister and I often go out with our classmates. We often go out with them. 3. My uncle sometimes visits me and my family. He sometimes visits us. 4. Miss Kent doesn t like the cake. She doesn't like it. 5. Your parents are talking to Mr Black. They are talking to him. 6. That dog is eating our hamburgers! It is eating them! Possessive Adjectives & Possessive Pronouns Possessive Adjectives my (μου) your (σου) his (του) her (της) its (του) our (μας) your (σας) their (τους) Possessive Pronouns mine (δικός μου) yours (δικός σου) his (δικός του) hers (δικός της) - * ours (δικός μας) yours (δικός σας) theirs (δικός τους) Κτητικά Επίθετα Κάθε κτητικό επίθετο μας δείχνει σε ποιόν ανήκει κάτι. Θυμήσου ότι μπαίνουν πριν τα ουσιαστικά. Δε μπορούμε να τα βάλουμε μετά τα ουσιαστικά, όπως στα ελληνικά. Λέμε my name (το όνομά μου) και όχι name my. Μπαίνουν στη θέση των άρθρων. Γι αυτό δε βάζουμε a, an ή the όταν τα χρησιμοποιούμε πριν τα ουσιαστικά. Λέμε my name (το όνομά μου) και όχι the my name. Κτητικές Αντωνυμίες Σε κάθε κτητικό επίθετο, αντιστοιχεί μία κτητική αντωνυμία. Η καθεμία από αυτές τις αντωνυμίες, όπως το λέει και η λέξη, χρησιμοποιείται αντί του «ονόματος», δηλαδή στη θέση του ουσιαστικού που ανήκει σε κάποιον. Οι κτητικές αντωνυμίες χρησιμοποιούνται λοιπόν, για να μην επαναλάβουμε ένα ουσιαστικό που αναφέρθηκε προηγουμένως και που ανήκει σε κάποιον. - Is this your car? - Yes, it s mine. (Ναι, είναι δικό μου - το mine εδώ αντικαθιστά το my car). Έτσι λοιπόν, οι κτητικές αντωνυμίες δεν ακολουθούνται ποτέ από ουσιαστικό, διότι το ουσιαστικό (noun) εννοείται. * ΔΕΝ αντιστοιχεί κτητική αντωνυμία στο κτητικό επίθετο its. 9. Fill in with: my his her its our your their 10. Fill in with: Your 1. You and Kim have got cars. cars are fast. 2. Where is that girl from? What s her name? 3. Here comes Mr Brown with his big fat dog! 4. Those guys are not funny. Their jokes are silly! 5. Las Vegas city is famous for its casinos. 6. We haven t got enough money to fix our car. 7. I live in Australia. My house is near Sydney. mine yours his hers(χ2) ours theirs hers 1. - Do these books belong to Lia? - Yes, they re Whose is that bike? Your son s? - Yes, it s his. 3. This isn t my jacket. Mine is the new brown one Do you like our new shop? - Oh! Is it really yours? 5. - Lisa s got a car! - It s not hers, silly! It s her dad s! 6. - Are these toys yours, kids? - No, they re not ours. 7. Look at all the cats they ve got! Are they all theirs? 10 quick steps 3
11 11. Choose and circle. A: Is this mobile phone 1? a. your b. yours c. you B: No, it isn t 2. a. me b. my c. mine It s 3 little sister s. a. I b. me c. my And that s 4 laptop. a. her b. hers c. she A: How old is 5 sister? a. you b. your c. hers B: 6 is 8 years old! a. She b. Her c. Hers C: Hey! Look at 7! They are a. they b. theirs c. them driving a car that looks like 8! a. ours b. our c. us D: But, that car isn t 9! a. you b. my c. theirs It s 10 car! Help! a. us b. our c. ours E: That s 11 boyfriend. a. mine b. my c. me 12 is from Africa. a. Him b. He c. His F: Oh! What s 13 name? a. his b. me c. hers E: Sayd, and 14 means happy. a. her b. its c. it Possessive Case Γενική Κτητική Όταν βάζουμε s στα κύρια ονόματα και ακολουθεί ουσιαστικό, λέμε σε ποιόν ανήκει το ουσιαστικό. This is Mary s room. (Αυτό είναι το δωμάτιο της Mary.) Το ίδιο γίνεται και με ουσιαστικά που περιγράφουν πρόσωπα ή ζώα. the boy s bicycle (το ποδήλατο του αγοριού) my dog s ears (τα αυτιά του σκύλου μου) Αν όμως έχουμε ουσιαστικό σε πληθυντικό με κατάληξη -s, (π.χ. boys, dogs) και θέλουμε να μιλήσουμε για κάτι που τους ανήκει, βάζουμε μόνο την απόστροφο χωρίς το s. the boys bicycles (τα ποδήλατα των αγοριών) my dogs ears (τα αυτιά των σκύλων μου) Αλλά σε περίπτωση ανωμάλων πληθυντικών χωρίς κατάληξη -s, ισχύει ο πρώτος κανόνας. the children s books Όταν θέλουμε να πούμε ότι κάτι ανήκει σε δύο πρόσωπα, βάζουμε s στο δεύτερο πρόσωπο. This is Pat and Paul s house. (Αυτό είναι το σπίτι της Pat και του Paul. - ανήκει και στους ΔΥΟ) Όταν όμως μιλάμε για πράγματα που ανήκουν σε δύο πρόσωπα και όπου το κάθε πρόσωπο έχει το δικό του, βάζουμε s και στα δύο πρόσωπα. These are Pat s and Paul s motorbikes. (Αυτές είναι οι μοτοσυκλέτες της Pat και του Paul. - ο καθένας έχει από μία μοτοσυκλέτα) Προσοχή: να μη συγχέεις το s της Γενικής Κτητικής με το s = is ή το s = has. This is Ray s room. ( s = γενική κτητική) Ray s ten years old. ( s = is) Ray s got a cat. ( s = has) 12. Fill in with s or as in the examples. teacher's brothers' 1. Our English hair is red. (teacher) 2. Your jokes are not funny. (brothers) 3. Her boyfriend's father is Scottish. (boyfriend) 4. Do you know Paul s sister? (Paul) 5. I don t like my parents' car. (parents) 6. These girls clothes are nice. (girls) 7. Mr White s parrot doesn t talk. (Mr White) 8. Those children s toys are cheap. (children) 9. The Browns house is next to ours. (The Browns) 13. Fill in with is, has or P.C. (possessive case). is 1. Bob s chatting online with his cousin. s = 2. That girl s eyes are very beautiful! s = P.C. 3. Who s got my rubber and my pencil? s = has 4. Some people s pets are really strange. s = P.C. 5. What s making that loud noise? s = is 6. My cousin Kim s feet are huge! s = P.C. 7. Our neighbour s got a sports car. s = has 14. Fill in using one or two s as in the examples. 1. Larry and Sally have got two children. Those are Larry and Sally s 2. Dad has got a sister and mum has got a sister too. These are dad's and mum s children. sisters. 3. Barry and his wife have got a beautiful house. This is Barry and his wife s house. 4. Karen and Sam have both got very interesting jobs. I really like Karen s and Sam s jobs. 5. Mr Fox has got hens and Mrs Penn has got sheep. Look at Mr Fox s and Mrs Penn s animals. 6. John and his sister have got a fish tank in their house. There are goldfish in John and his sister s fish tank. quick steps 3 11
12 Θυμήσου ότι όταν θέλουμε να πούμε ότι κάτι ανήκει σε ένα πράγμα (ή γενικά κάτι άψυχο), δε χρησιμοποιούμε 's αλλά βάζουμε την πρόθεση of (με ή χωρίς άρθρο): the window of the car (το παράθυρο του αυτοκινήτου - Όχι: the car s window) the capital of Greece (η πρωτεύουσα της Ελλάδας - Όχι: Greece s capital) 15. Rewrite with the 's or of (the). baby s hands legs of the table 1. The are small. (baby > hands) 2. The are short. (table > legs) 3. The postman's bike is yellow. (postman > bike) 4. The windows of the classroom are open. (classroom > windows) 5. The teacher s clothes are funny. (teacher > clothes) 6. The capital of France is Paris. (France > capital) 7. The centre of the city is very noisy. (city > centre) Prepositions of Place: in, at, on, to Οι Τοπικές Προθέσεις in, at, on, to Για να πούμε πού βρισκόμαστε ή πού πηγαίνουμε, χρησιμοποιούμε τοπικές προθέσεις πριν από ουσιαστικά ή κύρια ονόματα. Οι προθέσεις in, at, on δείχνουν ότι είμαστε κάπου (θέση / τοποθεσία), ενώ η πρόθεση to δείχνει ότι πηγαίνουμε κάπου (κίνηση / κατεύθυνση). Πρόσεξε ότι σε μερικές περιπτώσεις δε μπαίνει άρθρο μετά τις προθέσεις αυτές. Θέση / Τοποθεσία: be, live, stay, sit, lie, wait... + in, at, on in + για χώρες, περιοχές, πόλεις, χωριά in + για εσωτερικό κλειστών ή περιφραγμένων χώρων in the UK, in the USA, in Greece, in France... in Scotland, in England... / in London, in Athens... in the garden, in the car, in the street, in the house, in the classroom, in the playground, in bed, in class at + συγκεκριμένα κτίρια / σημεία at + συγκεκριμένα περιβάλλοντα at the cinema, at the theatre at the museum, at the aquarium at the supermarket, at the zoo at home, at school, at work at the party on + μεταφορικά μέσα on + επιφάνειες on the bus, on the train on the plane, on the bike on the ship, on the boat on the beach, on the farm Κίνηση / Κατεύθυνση: go, come, fly, drive, run... + to They're driving to the zoo. She's coming to the party. We're going to the beach. You're driving to London. They're going to Scotland. We're flying to the USA. She's driving to work. They're running to school. He's going to bed. Εξαίρεση: χωρίς to I'm going home. Αλλά: I'm going to my house. 16. Fill in with: in at on 1. We always have fun at birthday parties. 2. My classmates aren t in the playground. 3. Look! Those kids are dancing in the street. 4. There are a lot of horses on this farm. 5. My parents are still at the theatre. 6. There are a lot of tourists on this boat. 7. Jonathan isn t here. He s still at work. 17. Choose and circle. 1. The kids are in the. a. classroom b. class 2. Belinda is at the. a. aquarium b. school 3. We are sitting in. a. garden b. class 4. Tom s reading in. a. car b. bed 5. I m tired. Let s go. a. home b. house 6. Ben is going to. a. his house b. home 7. Poppy lives in the. a. Greece b. USA 18. Choose and fill in with: between - near - next to - around - in front of - behind - among Θυμήσου εδώ και άλλες τοπικές προθέσεις: under near next to in front of behind between around among 12 quick steps 3 near 1. We live the centre of a very large city. 2. There s a big green garden all around my school. 3. My bedroom is next to my brother s room so I hear every sound that he makes. 4. A tall student sits in front of me in class and I can t see anything. 5. There s a man behind us. Let s run quickly! 6. The bank is between the cinema and the post office. 7. Look! There s a pig among all those sheep!
13 Lesson 1 Introductions 1. Listen, repeat and learn. (track 1) (track 1) 1. introductions συστάσεις (εδώ) 2. guys παιδιά (φιλική προσφώνηση) 3. high school Γυμνάσιο και Λύκειο 4. holidays διακοπές 5. the United States Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες (Αμερικής) 6. ready έτοιμος 7. still ακόμα 8. wonder αναρωτιέμαι / θαύμα 9. primary school δημοτικό σχολείο 10. joke ανέκδοτο, αστείο 11. twin δίδυμος 12. international διεθνής PHRASES be back from έχω επιστρέψει / γυρίσει από the one I like best αυτό που μου αρέσει / αγαπώ περισσότερο What do your parents do? Τί δουλειά κάνουν οι γονείς σου; 13. world κόσμος 14. both και οι δύο, και τα δύο 15. classmate συμμαθητής, συμμαθήτρια 16. because επειδή, διότι 17. move μετακομίζω / (μετα)κινούμαι 18. businessman επιχειρηματίας 19. secondary school Γυμνάσιο και Λύκειο 20. attend παρακολουθώ, πηγαίνω σε (σχολείο, μαθήματα, κτλ.) DERIVATIVES Παρατήρησε ότι κάποιες λέξεις μπορεί να ανήκουν σε δύο μέρη του λόγου, π.χ. να είναι και ουσιαστικά, και ρήματα. Π.x.: NOUNS VERBS start (αρχή) start (αρχίζω) wonder (θαύμα) wonder (αναρωτιέμαι) visit (επίσκεψη) visit (επισκέπτομαι) joke (αστείο) joke (αστειεύομαι) move (κίνηση) move (μετακομίζω / (μετα)κινούμαι) 2. Choose and fill in. 3. Choose and circle. a. wonder guys ready classmates moving joke 1. My classmates are all very friendly. 2. My family and I are moving to a new house. 3. Nobody laughs at Ted's jokes. 4. Hi guys! Shall we go to the cinema tonight? 5. I wonder why he isn't talking to me. 6. Dinner is ready. Come to the table, everyone! 1. Bill is 9 years old and still in school. a. high b. secondary c. primary 2. He works for a(n) company, so he travels a lot. a. international b. ready c. twin 3. Greek students high school for 6 years. a. wonder b. move c. attend 4. Is Steven his holidays yet? a. both b. back from c. still 5. What does your mum? Is she a teacher? a. like best b. do c. visit b. because holidays twin both still world 6. He wants to be a like his father. a. classmate b. joke c. businessman 1. There are about 245 countries in the world. 2. My sister and I both attend the same school. 3. We're late and you're still doing your hair! 4. Annie's twin sister doesn't look like her at all. 5. I'm sad because we're leaving tomorrow. 6. Our holidays are over, so we're back in school. 4. Circle N(=noun) or V(=verb). 1. What are the 7 wonders of the world? N V 2. Why don't we visit a museum today? N V 3. Our cousins often move from city to city. N V 4. John's jokes are sometimes very silly. N V 5. You can always make a new start in life. N V quick steps 3 13
14 5a. Listen and read. (track 2) (track 2) A Hi guys! I'm Tim Brown from London. I'm 12 years old and I'm starting high school this year. I'm back from my holidays in the United States and ready CANADA for another school year! What about you? UNITED STATES of AMERICA Toronto Ottawa New York Washington D.C. B Are you wondering who this is? Well, her name's Betty and she's my little sister. She's ten years old and she s starting her fifth year of primary school. SOUTH AMERICA C These are my parents. Their names are Bob and Mary. My dad's English, from London but my mum's American, from New York. So, I've got family in the United States too. I always visit them in the summer. D My cousin Kate is the one I like best. She's very friendly and she knows plenty of funny jokes and stories! She lives in New York with her twin brothers Sam and Rob. 5b. Answer the questions. 1. Who is Betty and how old is she? 2. Where is Tim's mother from? 3. Where does Kate live? 4. Where are Ken and Linda from? 5. Where are Helen and Jason moving to this year? 14 quick steps 3
15 E I've got lots of friends at school. It's an international school, so there are students from all over the world there. These are two of them: UNITED KINGDOM Ken and Linda. They re both from Canada and they re my best friends and... IRELAND my classmates! London EUROPE ASIA AFRICA AUSTRALIA Sydney F And these are my cousins Helen and Jason. They aren't staying in London this year because they're moving to... Australia with their parents! Their father is a businessman, so they travel a lot. Jason's very happy because his friend Jennifer from Sydney is there too! Melbourne Canberra NEW ZEALAND 6. Choose and fill in. 7. Answer and ask around. likes - starting - visits - go - travel - staying 1. Tim always visits his American cousins in summer. 2. Helen isn't staying in London this year. 3. Jason and Helen travel a lot. 4. Ken and Linda are starting high school this year. 5. Tim likes his cousin Kate a lot. 6. Tim doesn't go to the United States in winter. 1. Where are you from? 2. Where do you live? 3. What do your parents do? 4. Which year of primary or secondary school are you in? 5. Which school are you attending this year? What's its name? quick steps 3 15
16 Grammar Theory Non-Continuous Verbs Τα Non-Continuous / Stative Verbs, δε σχηματίζουν χρόνους διαρκείας (continuous) γιατί αναφέρονται σε μία κατάσταση (state) και όχι σε συγκεκριμένη ενέργεια. Mε αυτά τα ρήματα χρησιμοποιούμε απλούς χρόνους (Present Simple, Past Simple, etc.). Μερικά από τα ρήματα είναι τα εξής: Ρήματα προτίμησης like (μου αρέσει) love (αγαπώ) want (θέλω) hate (μισώ) prefer (προτιμώ) Ρήματα αίσθησης see (βλέπω) hear (ακούω) smell (έχω μυρωδιά) taste (έχω γεύση) sound (ακούγομαι) Ρήματα αντίληψης think (νομίζω) believe (πιστεύω) know (ξέρω) remember (θυμάμαι) understand (καταλαβαίνω) Άλλα ρήματα need (χρειάζομαι) mean (εννοώ, σημαίνει) belong (to) (ανήκω (σε)) have (έχω) I want to eat something sweet. (Not: I m wanting ) Your job sounds interesting. (Not: Your job is sounding ) I don t understand what you mean. (Not: I m not understanding ) This bag belongs to Sarah. (Not: This bag is belonging ) He's talking too fast! I don't understand him. Νote: Κάποια από αυτά τα ρήματα σχηματίζουν χρόνους διαρκείας αλλά η σημασία τους αλλάζει. think I think (that) it s a bit expensive. (νομίζω) But: What are you thinking about? (σκέφτομαι) What are you looking at? The food. It looks so good. look That shirt looks good on you. (φαίνομαι) But: Why are you looking at me? (κοιτάζω) have I have plenty of time. (έχω) But: They re having dinner at the moment. (τρώω) Are you having a glass of water? (πίνω) Bill s having a bath right now. (κάνω) Prepositions of Time at in on at two o clock at noon / midday / night at breakfast / lunch / dinner at the moment / the weekend at Christmas / Easter! in the thirteenth century in 1984, in (the) summer in the morning / the evening in May, in October in five hours / twenty minutes on Wednesday on Friday morning on 3 rd February / New Year s Eve on a hot / cold day on my birthday 16 quick steps 3
17 1. Fill in with the Present Simple or Continuous. 1. Jane (watch) her favourite cartoon now. She really loves (love) cartoons! 2. We are doing (do) our exercises for tomorrow. We need (need) help to understand them. 3. Tom wants is asking (want) to go out tonight, but his mother (ask) him to stay at home. 4. I am taking (take) this book back now because it belongs (belong) to me. 5. No-one is eating (eat) these vegetables because they all prefer (prefer) pizza. 2. Fill in with the Present Simple or Continuous. 1. Who you (talk) to now? 2. Does your sister believe (believe) in UFOs? 3. What do your friends think (think) of me? 4. Where is Fred driving (drive) to now? 5. Why are the kids running (run) so fast? 6. Does anyone understand (understand) this? 7. Do you know (know) this man? 8. Are Ron and Julie moving (move) to the city next year? 3. Fill in with the Present Simple or Continuous. 1. Jim (not like) love stories, that s why he are is watching doesn't like isn't watching talking (not watch) this film tonight. 2. Oh, dear! They aren't joking (not joke)! They really don't know (not know) where Greece is! 3. Mary doesn't sound (not sound) very well. I hope she doesn't need (not need) to go home. 4. I am not staying (not stay) at home tonight because I don't want (not want) to get bored. 5. Liz isn't listening (not listen) to the teacher. I m sure she doesn't understand (not understand) him. 4. Choose and circle. 1. What you about elephants? a. do... know b. are... knowing 2. - This cake good. - What's wrong with it? a. doesn't taste b. isn't tasting 3. We our grandparents this weekend. a. don't visit b. aren't visiting 4. I French this year and I it a lot. a. learn / am liking b. am learning / like 5. you anything from the supermarket? a. Are... needing b. Do... need 6. Excuse me Mrs Brown, what this word? a. does... mean b. is... meaning 7. Mum can't talk to you now. She a bath. a. is having b. has 8. What a silly story! I one word of it! a. don t believe b. am not believing 9. Mum a cake. It great! a. is making / smells b. makes / is smelling 10. Greece like a good idea for a holiday. a. is sounding b. sounds 11. I when I met Tom for the first time. a. am not remembering b. don't remember quick steps 3
18 5. I 8 That 9 6. Complete the dialogues with the Present Simple or Continuous. Fill in with on, in or at. 1. Mrs Smith makes a lot of cakes Christmas. 2. My sister s leaving on Friday evening. 3. They left Australia in Aren t they playing outside at the moment? 5. This church was built in the eighteenth century. 6. We always celebrate altogether on New Year s Eve. 7. Alex usually goes skiing in winter. 8. I m going on safari in August. 9. Zoe never works at weekends. 10. We always have dinner at 3 o clock. 11. She left us on a cold winter s morning. 12. My daughter s birthday is on the 28th July. 18 quick steps 3 What 1 Where 3 I 4 (think) about, Louise? I 2 am dreaming (dream) about my next holiday. are you going (you / go)? don t know (not know) yet. It s a difficult decision. How about having a safari holiday in Kenya? I 5 don t think (not think) so. I m afraid of wild animals. Besides, I 6 am looking (look) for something more relaxing. prefer (prefer) to stay in one place than move around. I 7 are you thinking Then why don t you go to a beach resort? believe (believe) our country has plenty of good ones to offer with clear blue sea and excellent hotels. sounds (sound) great! Why don t you come along too? at 7. Choose and circle. 1. Matthew lived in Canada the 1980 s. 2. Let s meet 5 o clock this afternoon, shall we? 3. Penelope will be back at work Monday. 4. They moved to Germany 25th July. 5. We always get up really early the morning. 6. My little baby brother was born May. 7. Fred and I first met Christmas day. 8. Do you often dream night? 9. Margaret visited a few islands the summer. 10. What do you usually do Friday nights? 11. David is working on his project the moment. 12. They arrived in this country February. 13. We like going to the movies the evenings. 14. I think we should talk about it dinner.
19 Lesson 2 Dance, music, drama & sports! 1. Listen, repeat and learn. 1. fascinating συναρπαστικός 2. extra-curricular εξωσχολικός 3. activity δραστηριότητα 4. actress / actor η ηθοποιός / ο ηθοποιός 5. take up αρχίζω (για χόμπι, δραστηριότητα) 6. squash σκουός (άθλημα με ρακέτα σε κλειστό χώρο) 7. table tennis πινγκ-πονγκ 8. tournament τουρνουά 9. regular / -ly τακτικός / τακτικά 10. probable / -bly πιθανός / πιθανόν 11. participate in συμμετέχω σε PHRASES be more of a sports person είμαι περισσότερο αθλητικός τύπος party animal η ψυχή του πάρτι, της διασκέδασης / γλεντζές (track 3) (track 3) 12. choir χορωδία 13. event εκδήλωση / γεγονός 14. throughout καθ όλη τη διάρκεια του 15. popular (with) δημοφιλής (σε) 16. like όπως (για παράδειγμα) / σαν 17. bet στοιχηματίζω / στοίχημα 18. take part in συμμετέχω, λαμβάνω μέρος σε 19. theatrical play θεατρικό έργο WORDS WITH PREPOSITIONS Πολλές λέξεις στα αγγλικά συνοδεύονται από προθέσεις οι οποίες άλλοτε αντιστοιχούν κι άλλοτε δεν αντιστοιχούν στα ελληνικά. Δες εδώ παραδείγματα ρημάτων και επιθέτων με προθέσεις: VERBS + prepositions ADJECTIVES + prepositions participate in popular with take part in famous for 2. Choose and fill in. 3. Choose and circle. a. bet squash event popular participate choir 1. We organize dance events quite. a. probably b. regularly c. throughout 1. Judy sings in the choir every Friday evening. 2. I bet Sam will win the match. He's good! 3. Mary's very popular. Everyone likes her. 4. Can you play squash? It's a very fast game. 5. We re going to have a musical event this spring. 6. Stacy s going to participate in a musical this year. 2. Do you want to join the club? a. event b. tournament c. table tennis 3. Who won the school chess this year? a. tournament b. squash c. play 4. There are lots of activities at school. a. probable b. like c. extra-curricular 5. Why don t you squash? It s great fun. a. take up b. take part c. bet b. fascinating like theatrical play actress activity probably 6. Kay is a animal. She loves going out. a. fascinating b. party c. sports 1. Rosie s got a role in the theatrical play at school. 2. What's your favourite activity? Mine is jogging. 3. That new film is fascinating. You must see it. 4. Matt will probably join us tonight but he s not sure. 5. Jasmin enjoys sports like tennis and squash. 6. Fay's dream is to become a(n) actress one day. 4. Choose and circle. 1. Kim doesn t like sports. She s more of / for a dance person. 2. This village is famous with / for its excellent red wine. 3. Many countries take part on / in the Olympic Games. 4. Is Mandy going to participate in / by the tournament? 5. Steve is very popular for / with his classmates at school. quick steps 3 19
20 5a. Listen and read. (track 4) (track 4) Tim knows that his cousin Kate will be looking at her s tonight so he is writing to tell her about the activities he and his friends are going to do at school this year. Hi Kate! How are you? I'm back in London and school's starting next week. I'm excited because I'm going to see my friends and classmates again. I hope we'll have nice teachers this year and plenty of fascinating extra-curricular activities. Betty is going to join the drama club at school. She says she is going to be an actress when she grows up. I'm more of a sports person, so I think I'll take up squash or table tennis. Our school organizes tournaments regularly and I will probably participate in those too. My friend Ken, from Canada, is in the school choir. He's going to perform in musical events throughout the year. He's got an excellent voice and I'm sure he will become a famous singer one day. He's also very popular with girls thanks to that! Linda, my other Canadian friend, loves modern dance styles, like hip hop, so she's going to take street dance classes! She's a party animal and she often helps organize dancing events in our school. I bet she'll do it again this year! What about you and your brothers? Are you going to take part in any extra-curricular activities this year? Write back soon and say "Hi" to Sam and Rob from me and Betty. Bye for now! Tim 20 quick steps 3