1 MOTIVATION C Companion
2 Contents Let s recap! 1 On holiday! 2 Budapest: two cities in one! 3 Explorers and pirates 4 On the way to the top 5 Let s go camping! 6 Amazing stories! 7 Feeling stressed? Get a pet! 8 Dressed to kill! 9 An unusual burglary 10 A dream house 11 A world of magic 12 Surviving disaster 13 It s getting hot! 14 Have a speedy recovery! 15 Repairs, repairs! 16 The art of cinema 17 At the fun park! 18 Unusual sports 19 Fun and games 20 Music to my ears! 21 I can t live without my computer! 22 Amazing inventions 23 Are you a technology addict? 24 Reach for the stars! 25 The job of your dreams! Abbreviations (adj) adjective = επίκετο (adv) adverb = επίρρθμα (conj) conjunction = ςφνδεςμοσ (n) noun = ουςιαςτικό (phr v) phrasal verb = φραςτικό ριμα (pl n) plural noun = ουςιαςτικό ςτον πλθκυντικό (prep) preposition = πρόκεςθ (pron) pronoun = αντωνυμία (v) verb = ριμα
3 Let s recap! Vocabulary Page 6 EXERCISE A thrilled (adj) = ενκουςιαςμζνοσ -θ -ο We were so thrilled about our holiday that we couldn t sleep last night. pollute (v) = μολφνω Plastic bags pollute the environment. theft (n) = κλοπι He was accused of theft and was put in prison. realise (v) = αντιλαμβάνομαι, ςυνειδθτοποιϊ I hadn t realised how educated she was until I heard her talk at the seminar. silent (adj) = ςιωπθλόσ -ι -ό Everybody was silent and waited for the President to speak. survive (v) = επιβιϊνω He survived the car crash with nothing but a scratch. EXERCISE B lettuce (n) = μαροφλι Don t put any lettuce in the sandwiches, please. geographical (adj) = γεωγραφικόσ -ι -ό We call geographical anything that has to do with geography. feature (n) = χαρακτθριςτικό Do you remember any of his facial features? profession (n) = επάγγελμα What s your father s profession?
4 EXERCISE C Page 6 trendy (adj) = μοδάτοσ -θ -ο Oh, that s a trendy jacket! Where did you get it? cardigan (n) = πλεχτι ηακζτα Page 7 My grandma made this cardigan for me. Grammar Page 7 EXERCISE C train (v) = προπονοφμαι Ιf you want to learn tennis, you have to train a lot. choose (v) = διαλζγω, επιλζγω I cannot choose between these blouses. What do you think? accept (v) = δζχομαι Ι m glad you accepted my gift. It made me very happy! Adjectives Adverbs quiet quietly friendly friendly good well fast fast happy happily early early hard hard wonderful wonderfully
5 Lesson 1 On holiday! Warm up Skype (n) = Σκάιπ (πρόγραμμα τθλεδιάςκεψθσ) We ll talk on Skype when you get to Paris. Listen and read Page 8 fortnight (n) = διάςτθμα δφο εβδομάδων Our cleaning lady comes every fortnight. clue (n) = ςτοιχείο Can you give me some clues about how to find your house? absolutely (adv) = εντελϊσ, απολφτωσ, αναμφιςβιτθτα Look at this sports car. I absolutely love it! sightseeing (n) = περιιγθςθ ςε αξιοκζατα We went sightseeing around Florence this morning. ancient (adj) = αρχαίοσ -α -ο There are a lot of ancient ruins in Europe. site (n) = τοποκεςία Let s visit this ancient site. It s very interesting! gift (n) = δϊρο I love gift shops! They ve got so many cute things. souvenir (n) = ενκφμιο They always buy lots of souvenirs when they travel abroad. souvlaki (n) = ςουβλάκι Have you ever tasted souvlaki? I just love it! pita (n) = πίτα (για ςουβλάκι) Let s try some pita bread when we are in Turkey. delicious (adj) = νόςτιμοσ -θ -ο We had a delicious meal by the seaside last night.
6 Useful phrases and expressions stay in touch = διατθρϊ επαφι e.g. I m leaving for London tomorrow, but we ll stay in touch. find out (phr v) = εξακριβϊνω, ανακαλφπτω e.g. Can you please find out how much this hotel costs? far away = μακριά e.g. We can t visit the North Pole. It is too far away. along with = μαηί με e.g. Are you travelling along with your family? dream holiday = οι διακοπζσ των ονείρων μου e.g. I m taking my dream holiday on the island of Mauritius next month. I m having the time of my life = περνϊ υπζροχα e.g. I don t want to go home yet. I m having the time of my life here! it s raining cats and dogs = βρζχει καρεκλοπόδαρα e.g. Oh, my! We can t have the open air party today. It s raining cats and dogs! I m over the moon = πετϊ ςτον ουρανό (από χαρά) e.g. Can you imagine me having dinner with a famous actress? I m over the moon! be on cloud nine = πετϊ ςτα ςφννεφα (από χαρά) e.g. It s my day off and I m meeting George. I m on cloud nine! I m so happy for you = χαίρομαι πολφ για ςζνα e.g. Oh, you re getting married. I m so happy for you! have lots of fun = διαςκεδάηω πολφ e.g. We are having lots of fun here at the beach party. take care = γεια χαρά e.g. I ll see you tomorrow. Take care!
7 Listening Page 11 porch (n) = βεράντα My aunt used to have big flower pots on her porch. sculpture (n) = γλυπτό You can see some beautiful sculptures at the National Gallery. exhibit (n) = ζκκεμα (ςε μουςείο) Please don t touch the exhibits in the museum. statue (n) = άγαλμα The Louvre Museum has famous statues from many different places. goddess (n) = κεά Athena was the goddess of wisdom in ancient Greece. temple (n) = ναόσ There are some beautiful ancient temples in Southern Italy. Writing Page 11 appropriate (adj) = ταιριαςτόσ -ι -ό This is not appropriate behaviour for a polite boy like you. describe (v) = περιγράφω Can you describe yourself in French? scenery (n) = τοπίο We went climbing last weekend. The scenery was breathtaking!
8 Lesson 2 Budapest: two cities in one! Listen and read Page 12 manage (v) = καταφζρνω Jean visited my city, but I didn t manage to see her. fear (n) = φόβοσ What is your worst fear? view (n) = κζα I have a great view of the whole city from my balcony. bathhouse (n) = δθμόςιο λουτρό, ςπα We always love relaxing at bathhouses or spas when travelling abroad. muddy (adj) = λαςπωμζνοσ -θ -ο Where have you been? You re all muddy and wet. tease (v) = πειράηω Please stop teasing your little sister. goulash (n) = γκοφλασ (παραδοςιακό φαγθτό τθσ Ουγγαρίασ) Judy first tasted goulash in Budapest. yummy (adj) = νόςτιμοσ -θ -ο I love almond chocolate. It s yummy!
9 Useful phrases and expressions be afraid of = φοβάμαι e.g. I m not afraid of spiders. get over (phr v) = ξεπερνϊ e.g. Please get over your anger and talk to your father. talk in riddles = μιλϊ με γρίφουσ e.g. If you talk in riddles, we ll never understand each other. by the way = επί τθ ευκαιρία e.g. By the way, if John asks for me, I m not here. have something / someone at my feet = ζχω κάτι / κάποιον ςτα πόδια μου e.g. She s gorgeous and has all the men at her feet. do some sightseeing = επιςκζπτομαι τα αξιοκζατα e.g. Let s not do any sightseeing today. Ι want to relax by the pool. have the time of my life = περνϊ υπζροχα e.g. I m in New York and I m having the time of my life!
10 Lesson 3 Explorers and pirates Title explorer (n) = εξερευνθτισ Marco Polo was a great explorer who travelled to China. Quiz sailor (n) = ναφτθσ Popeye the sailor is a comic book hero. Listen and read Page 16 ambitious (adj) = φιλόδοξοσ -θ -ο He s an ambitious man and works hard to reach his goals. brave (adj) = γενναίοσ -α -ο Saladin was a brave warrior and an important figure in Arab history. persuade (v) = πείκω You cannot persuade me to come with you to Thomas party. route (n) = διαδρομι Let s take the shortest route to London. spice (n) = μπαχαρικό I don t like spices in my food. voyage (n) = (καλάςςιο) ταξίδι The explorers went on a voyage around the world. sail (n) = πανί (ςκάφουσ) Look at the sails of this boat. They are so colourful! compass (n) = πυξίδα We ll need a compass for our mountain trekking. communication (n) = επικοινωνία I didn t know her phone number or address, so communication was impossible.
11 storm (n) = κφελλα We were caught in a storm last night and had to wait in the car for an hour. wave (n) = κφμα A high wave came suddenly and destroyed our sandcastle. anchor (v) = αγκυροβολϊ Let s anchor our boat on this beautiful beach. port (n) = λιμάνι We reached the port by midnight and went straight to bed. contact (n) = επαφι We ll stay in contact while I m away. Don t worry! during (prep) = κατά τθ διάρκεια It was during my stay in Zurich that I met your mother. coast (n) = ακτι Let s visit the southern coasts of the island tomorrow. explore (v) = εξερευνϊ The children explored the cave and found an old boat. colonise (v) = αποικϊ The French colonised Algeria in Useful phrases and expressions grow up (phr v) = μεγαλϊνω, ωριμάηω e.g. Do grow up and stop doing silly things. turn into (phr v) = μετατρζπομαι ςε e.g. Marietta has turned into an intelligent and educated woman. as soon as = αμζςωσ μόλισ e.g. He bought a new mobile as soon as he got his first month s wages. get close to = πλθςιάηω e.g. Don t get too close to the animal cages. They might bite you. be part of = αποτελϊ τμιμα e.g. You re a part of our family now. Don t forget that!
12 Did you know? Page 17 native (adj) = ντόπιοσ -α -ο, ικαγενισ -ισ -ζσ Some of the native people in the Amazon area still live in huts. discovery (n) = ανακάλυψθ The discovery of this new planet may change the way we think about the world. violence (n) = βία Violence never solves people s problems. Derivatives (παράγωγα) explore explorer/exploration discover discovery violence violent colonise colony brave bravery ambitious ambition
13 Lesson 4 On the way to the top Listen and read Page 20 project (n) = εργαςία How is your geography project going? wonder (v) = αναρωτιζμαι I wonder whether you are telling me the truth. border (n) = ςφνορο They live on the border of Italy and Germany. awesome (adj) = φανταςτικόσ -ι -ό, απίκανοσ -θ -ο Οh, you are coming with us to the water slides. Awesome! teach taught taught (v) = διδάςκω He taught Chinese when he lived in the USA. adventurous (adj) = άνκρωποσ που αγαπάει τθν περιπζτεια Vicky is an adventurous girl. She enjoys exploring new places. summit (n) = κορυφι We reached the summit of the mountain yesterday at noon. offering (n) = προςφορά Ancient people used to make offerings to the temples. lack (n) = ζλλειψθ Lack of money is often a problem in poorer countries. honour (v) = τιμϊ You have to honour your parents and teachers. accomplishment (n) = κατόρκωμα Travelling to other planets is a great human accomplishment. knight (n) = ιππότθσ I love reading about the role of the knights in European history. fame (n) = φιμθ Fame and success are every actor s dreams.
14 Useful phrases and expressions so far = μζχρι τϊρα e.g. I have finished only the first lesson so far. at least = τουλάχιςτον e.g. I know you are angry, but at least talk to me. freezing cold = παγωνιά e.g. It s freezing cold outside and the temperature has dropped below zero. mountain range = οροςειρά e.g. The Alps are a huge mountain range. lose hope = χάνω τισ ελπίδεσ μου e.g. He never lost hope about his missing wife and finally found her. make it = τα καταφζρνω e.g. We ll make it to the end, don t worry. Derivatives inform information adventure adventurous fortune fortunate/fortunately/unfortunately accomplish accomplishment immediate immediately final finally protect protection Did you know? gain (v) = αποκτϊ She has gained a lot of money through her new company. Lesson 5
15 Let s go camping! Warm up brochure (n) = διαφθμιςτικό φυλλάδιο Let s look at these holiday brochures and decide where to go. below (adv) = πιο κάτω Το learn how to use this machine, read the instructions below. campsite (n) = καταςκινωςθ, κάμπιγκ We have found a fantastic campsite for our camping holidays this year. Listen and read Page 24 download (v) = κατεβάηω αρχεία από το Διαδίκτυο Will you download an antivirus program for my computer, please? acre (n) = ακρ (μονάδα μζτρθςθσ επιφάνειασ) An acre equals 43,560 square feet. rare (adj) = ςπάνιοσ -α -ο This animal belongs to a rare species, which is threatened with extinction. gas (n) = φυςικό αζριο We use gas to heat our house. It s cheaper than oil. shower (n) = ντουσ I ll have a quick shower and run to work. affordable (adj) = προςιτόσ -ι -ό (από οικονομικισ απόψεωσ) This designer bag is quite affordable. I think I ll buy it. caravan (n) = τροχόςπιτο They have been living in a caravan for three years. historic (adj) = ιςτορικόσ -ι -ό This is a historic building. They cannot destroy it! course (n) = γιπεδο There are many golf and tennis courses here. screen (n) = οκόνθ We need a larger TV screen for our living room.
16 launderette = κατάςτθμα με πλυντιρια I m taking my clothes to the launderette tomorrow. hill (n) = λόφοσ Angela doesn t want to climb that hill. She s tired. central (adj) = κεντρικόσ -ι -ό They live in a luxury flat in central Paris. attractions (pl n) = αξιοκζατα, ατραξιόν Moscow is a fascinating city with many tourist attractions. within (prep) = εντόσ Their house is within the walls of the old town. suitable (adj) = ταιριαςτόσ -ι -ό This dress is not suitable for Neil s wedding. facilities (pl n) = εγκαταςτάςεισ Our new school will offer great facilities to our students. tent (n) = ςκθνι I don t believe she can stay in a tent after the five-star hotel she used to stay at. Vocabulary Page 25 vehicle (n) = όχθμα Please park your vehicle in the parking area. equipment (n) = εξοπλιςμόσ What kind of equipment will you need to fix this broken wheel? laundry (n) = μπουγάδα, πλυντιριο Today is laundry day. We have a lot of clothes to wash! Useful phrases and expressions electricity hook-ups = θλεκτρικζσ ςυνδζςεισ e.g. Most campsites offer electricity hook-ups for caravans. chemical toilet = χθμικι τουαλζτα e.g. There are some chemical toilets outside the funfair that you can go to. all year round = όλο το χρόνο e.g. Our school swimming pool is open all year round.
17 railway connection = ςιδθροδρομικι ςφνδεςθ e.g. Is there a railway connection close to our hotel? within walking distance = ςε απόςταςθ τθν οποία μπορεί να περπατιςει κανείσ e.g. The underground station is within walking distance of our new house. public telephone = δθμόςιο τθλζφωνο e.g. Excuse me, sir. Is there a public telephone near here? Phrasal verbs look through = κοιτϊ προςεκτικά e.g. I ve been looking through my notes all weekend to find the mistake. look for = ψάχνω e.g. What are you looking for in my wardrobe? look forward to = προςμζνω κάτι ευχάριςτο, ανυπομονϊ e.g. She s been looking forward to this excursion all month. How can we tell her that she s not going? put up = ςτινω (ςκθνι) e.g. How long will it take you to put up this tent? Listening Page 27 ΕΧΕRCISE B landscape (n) = τοπίο This painter only paints landscapes. waterfall (n) = καταρράχτθσ I want to visit the Niagara waterfalls some time. rattlesnake = κροταλίασ Rattlesnakes are extremely dangerous.
18 Speaking Page 27 booklet (n) = ζντυπο, βιβλιαράκι I will need this information booklet for my stay here. discuss (v) = ςυηθτϊ Can we discuss my salary now? observe (v) = παρατθρϊ He likes to observe people and their facial expressions on the train. Writing advantage (n) = πλεονζκτθμα There are many advantages to living in the country. disadvantage (n) = μειονζκτθμα Living in the suburbs has a serious disadvantage: you are too far away from the city centre. outdoors (adv) = ςτο φπαικρο They like to have their tea outdoors when the weather is nice. hiking (n) = πεηοπορία Let s go hiking in the forest. It s so refreshing! expose (v) = εκκζτω Don t expose the baby to the sun today. It s hot! heat (n) = ηζςτθ I cannot stand the heat in the desert at midday. annoying (adj) = ενοχλθτικόσ -ι -ό His behaviour is annoying at times. insect (n) = ζντομο Bees are a type of insect. uncomfortable (adj) = άβολοσ -θ -ο These seats are very uncomfortable. Can we sit over there?
19 Useful phrases and expressions first aid = πρϊτεσ βοικειεσ e.g. Do you know how to give first aid? poor hygiene = κακι υγιεινι e.g. Poor hygiene can cause all kinds of diseases. Derivatives suit suitable peace peaceful centre central history historic attract attraction afford affordable connect connection
20 Lesson 6 Amazing stories! Warm up save (v) = ςϊηω Thank you for helping me in that difficult situation. You saved my life! Listen and read Page 32 guess (v) = μαντεφω Can you guess the result of the test? rough (adj) = τρικυμιςμζνοσ -θ -ο Rough seas can cause problems to sailors. throw threw thrown (v) = πετϊ, ρίχνω Throw the ball to your brother, too. steer (v) = οδθγϊ Steer the boat to the right. disappear (v) = εξαφανίηομαι He disappeared from his village ten years ago and hasn t been found yet. creature (n) = πλάςμα They say that a strange creature lives in this forest. drown (v) = πνίγομαι Small children can drown easily in the sea. push (v) = ςπρϊχνω Please don t push people in the queue. grab on to (phr v) = αρπάηω κάτι και κρατιζμαι από αυτό The rider grabbed on to the horse so that she wouldn t fall off. gasp (v) = προςπακϊ ν αναςάνω He came out of the burning house gasping for air. safety (n) = αςφάλεια For your safety, please follow the rules at the airport.
21 Useful phrases and expressions I couldn t believe my eyes = δεν πίςτευα ςτα μάτια μου e.g. He opened the box and couldn t believe his eyes. marine scientist = ωκεανολόγοσ Page 34 e.g. Marine scientists study sea life. pull up = ςθκϊνω e.g. She pulled up her sleeves and got to work. Grammar Page 34 EXERCISE C attack (v) = επιτίκεμαι He was attacked by sharks while swimming. lifeguard (n) = ναυαγοςϊςτθσ Every beach should have a lifeguard. Speaking Page 35 aquarium (n) = ενυδρείο This shopping centre has a large aquarium with all kinds of fish. keep in (phr v) = κρατϊ μζςα I can t keep a dog in the house. cage (n) = κλουβί Animals shouldn t be kept in cages. staff (n) = προςωπικό (υπάλλθλοι) Please tell the staff to come to work early tomorrow. We have an important visitor. train (v) = εκπαιδεφω He is going to train 20 athletes for the Olympic Games. care for (phr v) = φροντίηω Old people need to be cared for. vet (n) = κτθνίατροσ We found an injured cat in the street and took it to the vet.
22 Lesson 7 Feeling stressed? Get a pet! Title stressed (adj) = αγχωμζνοσ -θ -ο Modern life makes people feel stressed. Listen and read Page 36 presentation (n) = παρουςίαςθ I have a presentation tomorrow at work and I have to be prepared. relieve (v) = ανακουφίηω No one can relieve the pain of her husband s loss. psychiatrist (n) = ψυχίατροσ Psychiatrists treat people with emotional problems. predictable (adj) = προβλζψιμοσ -θ -ο He is so predictable when we play a game. I can always guess his next move. reaction (n) = αντίδραςθ I m afraid of my mum s reaction when she finds out what I have done to her new dress. patient (n) = αςκενισ Patients are treated by doctors and nurses. enter (v) = μπαίνω Please don t enter through this door. It is forbidden. anyway (adv) = τζλοσ πάντων I m not sure what caused this problem. Anyway, we have to do something about it. disappoint (v) = απογοθτεφω He always disappoints his teacher with his behaviour. friendship (n) = φιλία Our friendship will last forever. break (n) = διάλειμμα We ll have a break now for sandwiches and soft drinks.
23 besides (adv) = εξάλλου I don t want to see her tonight. Besides, I ll be too tired after I finish my homework. fail (v) = αποτυγχάνω I hope you will not fail your driving test again. Vocabulary Page 37 EXERCISE A smart (adj) = ζξυπνοσ -θ -ο The new generation is made up of smart people. anxiety (n) = αγωνία His anxiety about the test made him do badly. secure (adj) = αςφαλισ -ισ -ζσ We feel secure among this group of people. They know what they re doing. EXERCISE Β lizard (n) = ςαφρα The lizard is an important animal in Native American traditions. bear (n) = αρκοφδα Bears are very big and strong animals. mosquito (n) = κουνοφπι Mosquito bites can sometimes be dangerous. mammal (n) = κθλαςτικό Elephants, dolphins and whales are mammals. reptile (n) = ερπετό Lizards, crocodiles, turtles and snakes are all reptiles. common (adj) = κοινόσ -ι -ό, ςυνθκιςμζνοσ -θ -ο It s common to see people Listening with tattoos these days.
24 Listening Page 39 EXERCISE Β extinction (n) = αφανιςμόσ, εξαφάνιςθ A lot of animals nowadays are threatened with extinction. frequently (adv) = ςυχνά She frequently misses the bus and comes late to the office. Useful phrases and expressions how on earth? = πϊσ ςτο καλό ; e.g. How on earth did you do that to your father? blood pressure = πίεςθ του αίματοσ e.g. Her blood pressure rose dangerously and she was taken to hospital. waiting room = αίκουςα αναμονισ e.g. He in the waiting room as his wife was giving birth to their son. fish tank = ενυδρείο e.g. Fish tanks look beautiful in living rooms. as soon as = αμζςωσ μόλισ e.g. She jumped out of the window as soon as she heard the explosion. polar bear = πολικι αρκοφδα e.g. Polar bears are threatened by climate change. great apes = μεγάλοι πίκθκοι e.g. There are four kinds of great apes: gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees, and bonobos. sea turtle = καλάςςια χελϊνα e.g. Sea turtles can live for 80 years. endangered species = απειλοφμενο είδοσ e.g. There are a lot of endangered species on our planet today. close to = κοντά ςε e.g. Don t go too close to the crocodile. by accident = τυχαία e.g. We bumped to each other by accident one day and have been friends ever since. be in [END danger OF = PAGE] κινδυνεφω e.g. He is in danger of losing his leg after the car crash.
25 Lesson 6 Dressed to kill! Title dressed to kill = ντυμζνοσ -θ -ο με εντυπωςιακά ι επίςθμα ροφχα Warm up kind (n) = είδοσ What kind of bread would you like with your lunch? trend (n) = τάςθ τθσ μόδασ What s your opinion on the latest fashion trends? Listen and read Page 40 teenager (n) = ζφθβοσ -θ Being a teenager isn t easy. elegant (adj) = κομψόσ -ι -ό You look so elegant in your long black dress! trainers (pl n) = ακλθτικά παποφτςια Put on your trainers and let s go jogging. smart (adj) = κομψόσ -ι -ό He always dresses in smart clothes. fancy (adj) = φανταχτερόσ -ι -ό She likes to wear fancy clothes and go to fancy places. cotton (adj) = βαμβακερόσ -ι -ό I d rather wear cotton clothes because they let my skin breathe. suit (n) = κουςτοφμι That yellow suit does not look good on you. taste (n) = γοφςτο She has an excellent taste in clothes. compare (v) = ςυγκρίνω Please stop comparing yourself to other people all the time.
26 fabric (n) = φφαςμα She prefers colourful fabrics and they look good on her. choose chose chosen (v) = διαλζγω, επιλζγω She finally chose a diamond ring for her birthday. accessory (n) = αξεςουάρ I love going into accessory shops, even though I rarely buy anything. admire (v) = καυμάηω I admired the athletes courage at the Special Olympics. fashionable (adj) = τθσ μόδασ That s a fashionable skirt you re wearing. express (v) = εκφράηω Can you please express yourself more clearly? personality (n) = προςωπικότθτα Her strong personality makes other people around her feel weak. silver (adj) = αςθμζνιοσ -α -ο I prefer silver to gold jewellery. It s cheaper and trendier. necklace (n) = κολιζ She wore her diamond necklace to the wedding for everyone to admire. alternative (adj) = εναλλακτικόσ -ι -ό We like reading alternative magazines. They are more interesting than conventional ones. Useful phrases and expressions latest trend = τελευταία τάςθ τθσ μόδασ e.g. What s the latest trend in sunglasses? well-dressed = καλοντυμζνοσ -θ -ο e.g. Our boss always comes to work well-dressed. evening outing = βραδινι ζξοδοσ e.g. Our evening outing went great and we agreed to meet the next day, too. brand new = ολοκαίνουριοσ -α -ο e.g. Page Be careful 41 with my stereo set! It s brand new.
27 I d rather = κα προτιμοφςα e.g. I d rather have coffee than tea. both of = και οι δυο e.g. Both of my sisters are excellent at sports. much better = πολφ καλφτερα e.g. We are much better now that he is gone. shopping centre = εμπορικό κζντρο e.g. Let s spend our Saturday at the new shopping centre. a lot more = πολφ περιςςότερο e.g. I need a lot more information to finish this project. fashion designer = ςχεδιαςτισ -τρια μόδασ e.g. Giorgio Armani is a famous Italian fashion designer. Gothic style = γοτκικό ςτιλ e.g. She often wears black clothes since she started dressing in Gothic style. About the text Page 41 statement (n) = διλωςθ His last statement caused trouble at the meeting. bookworm (n) = βιβλιοφάγοσ I m a bookworm. I love reading tons of books! eccentric (adj) = εκκεντρικόσ -ι -ό There s an eccentric gentleman living in the house on the hill. fashion addict = εκιςμζνοσ -θ -ο ςτθ μόδα e.g. She s a fashion addict. She buys trendy, new clothes every season. charmer (n) = γόθσ, γόθςςα My little daughter is a real charmer.
28 Vocabulary Page 41 casual (adj) = κακθμερινόσ -ι -ό, ςπορ It s OK to wear casual clothes to this party. formal (adj) = επίςθμοσ -θ -ο It is a formal dinner, so you should wear an evening dress. trendy (adj) = τθσ μόδασ It s a trendy little restaurant that I am taking her to. Listening Page 43 torn (adj) = ςκιςμζνοσ -θ -ο Please don t appear in torn jeans at the wedding. experiment (v) = πειραματίηομαι I like to experiment in the kitchen but my family does not always agree. Phrasal Verbs keep up with = ςυμβαδίηω e.g. Try to keep up with the rest of the class. hang around = τριγυρίηω, ςυχνάηω e.g. Stop hanging around all the time and do some studying. try out = δοκιμάηω e.g. I d like to try out this new sports car. come out = ξεπροβάλλω e.g. Finally, the sun is coming out after the rain.
29 Αdjectives and verbs with prepositions interested in = ενδιαφζρομαι για e.g. He s not interested in your proposal. shop for = ψωνίηω e.g. I m shopping for shoes today. Are you coming along? be crazy about = τρελαίνομαι για e.g. She s crazy about Madonna! She has bought all her CDs. complete with = ςυμπλθρωμζνοσ -θ -ο με, ςυνδυαςμζνοσ -θ -ο με e.g. We re buying a new car complete with all the latest accessories. dress in = ντφνομαι με e.g. She always dressed in black after her father s death. Derivatives elegant elegantly fashion fashionable design designer tradition traditional
30 Lesson 9 An unusual burglary Title unusual (adj) = αςυνικιςτοσ -θ -ο What an unusual hat the princess is wearing! burglary (n) = λθςτεία There was a burglary in our neighbourhood last night. Listen and read Page 44 treasure (n) = κθςαυρόσ It is said he found a treasure in his garden and that s how he built this villa. priceless (adj) = ανεκτίμθτοσ -θ -ο It s a priceless piece of jewellery that her mother gave her. statue (n) = άγαλμα You can see some lovely statues if you visit Paris. revolution (n) = επανάςταςθ The French Revolution lasted for years. join (v) = ςυμμετζχω, ζρχομαι μαηί Will you join us for some coffee and muffins? crowd (n) = πλικοσ The angry crowd ran through the streets causing a lot of noise. protester (n) = διαδθλωτισ -τρια The protesters stayed all night long outside the Parliament. area (n) = περιοχι They live in a poor area of the town. roof (n) = ςτζγθ Water comes through the roof every time it rains. rope (n) = ςχοινί I need some rope to make a swing in the garden for the children.
31 valuable (adj) = πολφτιμοσ -θ -ο My granny often gives me valuable advice. object (n) = αντικείμενο There was a strange flying object in the sky the other day. thief -ves (n) = κλζφτθσ -εσ Thieves broke into our house and took our computer and TV. fascinating (adj) = ςυναρπαςτικόσ -ι -ό Flying in a helicopter can be fascinating. report (v) = αναφζρω You must report this to your boss immediately. artefact (n) = αντικείμενο καταςκευαςμζνο από ανκρϊπουσ There are so many interesting artefacts in this museum! be supposed to = υποτίκεται ότι You are supposed to be sleeping at this time of night. protect (v) = προςτατεφω No one can protect us in case of an earthquake. guard (n) = φφλακασ He was made minister and now has two guards outside his house. demonstrator (n) = διαδθλωτισ -τρια The demonstrators walked towards the Parliament. preserve (v) = διατθρϊ, ςυντθρϊ You can preserve this jam in the fridge for a long time. generation (n) = γενιά The next generation will have to deal with a lot of environmental problems. defy (v) = αψθφϊ If you defy the school rules one more time, I will call your parents. demonstration (n) = διαδιλωςθ They are having a demonstration outside the factory to protest the cuts in their salaries. precious (adj) = πολφτιμοσ -θ -ο You re my precious daughter and don t let anyone tell you otherwise. event (n) = γεγονόσ, ςυμβάν Did you hear the news? Some important events happened yesterday.
32 About the text Page 45 university (n) = πανεπιςτιμιο My son will go to university after he graduates from school. professor (n) = πανεπιςτθμιακόσ κακθγθτισ, πανεπιςτθμιακι κακθγιτρια My mother is a professor and teaches at Toronto University. loot (v) = λεθλατϊ A crowd of people broke into the shops and looted everything. lie lay lain (v) = κείτομαι, βρίςκομαι The injured man lay in the street after the accident. Useful phrases and expressions in the middle of = ςτθ μζςθ e.g. I m in the middle of a meeting now. Can I call you back later? be located = βρίςκεται e.g. My hometown is located somewhere up north. poorly paid = χαμθλόμιςκοσ -θ -ο e.g. The poorly paid worker could not afford to buy new shoes for his children. on the other hand = από τθν άλλθ μεριά e.g. On the one hand, I m thinking of getting a job in Dubai. On the other hand, I don t want to be away from family. for generations to come = για τισ επερχόμενεσ γενεζσ e.g. Τhese monuments will be admired for generations to come. work of art = ζργο τζχνθσ e.g. This is not just a painting. It s a true work of art! stand guard = φυλάω, περιφρουρϊ e.g. There are two men standing guards outside the queen s palace. human chain = ανκρϊπινθ αλυςίδα e.g. The demonstrators formed a human chain outside the White House. rubbish bin = ςκουπιδοτενεκζσ e.g. Please throw all your litter in the rubbish bins. break into = κάνω διάρρθξθ e.g. Someone broke into the museum last night and stole a famous painting.
33 Vocabulary pickpocket (n) = πορτοφολάσ You have to watch out for pickpockets in crowded places. crime (n) = ζγκλθμα Chicago is a city with high crime rates. arrest (v) = ςυλλαμβάνω The criminal was arrested and put in prison. shoplifting (n) = κλοπι ςε κατάςτθμα Shoplifting does not go unpunished nowadays. escape (v) = διαφεφγω The robber escaped from the police by jumping into the river. theft (n) = κλοπι Don t forget to lock the car. Car thefts are common in this area. punish (v) = τιμωρϊ Stop punishing him for lying to you. law (n) = νόμοσ People must obey the law in order to live peacefully with each other. catch caught caught (v) = πιάνω They were caught cheating at the exam. crowded (adj) = γεμάτοσ -θ -ο κόςμο We walked into the crowded shopping centre and tried to find our friends. steal (v) = κλζβω She has been stealing money from the safe without anyone noticing. wallet (n) = πορτοφόλι He lost his wallet in the street yesterday. Derivatives thief theft punish punishment crime criminal crowd crowded pickpocket pickpocketing demonstrate demonstrator/demonstration price priceless value valuable protect protection