.* ethnography of communication Hymes, +30,

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1 *.* ethnography of communication Hymes, +30, e. g., Sacks, +301, +31, ; Schegloff, +302

2 Ochs, Schegloff, & Thompson, +330 Lerner, +33+, +330,,**. Hayashi,**-,,**.,,**/ ; Lerner & Tagagi, +333 ; in press ;,**/a,,**/b, in press in press in press

3 + TCU +31* Sacks, Schegloff, & Jefferson, Turn Constructional Unit, TCU

4 + + Sacks, Schegloff, & Jefferson, +31., p.1*, Desk Caller Desk Caller What is your last name Loraine. Dinnis. What? Dinnis.,, Sacks, Schegloff, & Jefferson, +31., p.1*, A B A B A Oh I have the I have one class in the evening. On Mondays? Y uh:::wednesdays. Uh Wednesday, En it s like a Mickey Mouse course. - - Sacks, Schegloff, & Jefferson, +31., p.1*-

5 A B A B A B A A Uh you been down here before havenche. Where the sidewalk is? Yeah, Whur it ends, Goes all a way up there? Yeah. They c m up tuh the : re, Yeh. possible completion point projectability If X then Lerner, +33+

6 + Iwasaki, +33- ; Maynard, +323 in press

7 , -

8 0* -, +, + - TOEFL/1/ Applied Linguistics Bley-Vroman * Jefferson, , in press :: :::::: :

9 * /. +02 *+ : *, *- :: : *. */ *0 *1 : : *2 *3 +* ++ +,.hh : / +0 *+ *- */ *1 *3 +,

10 *+ : : + + Dinnis : */ *1 *3 +,

11 , / / + +3.*+.++ *+ : *, *- *. */. *0 *1 : *2 *3 +* LAD : ++ +,.hhlad /

12 +. +/ LAD +0 :::.hh +1 *+ : *, *- *+ *0 *0 *1 : *+ 3. +* LAD : LAD Language Acquisition Device +,

13 LAD LAD +* +* / +. / +* LAD +/ LAD / 0 0, +- +1/ +2* *+ : *, *- + L+ variation in cours-. course and

14 *. strate gy. L+ : */ *0 *1 variation *+ : *, *- *. *+ L+ variation in course and strategy strategy strategy L+ : *0 L+ : *0

15 *1 variation. - 0 *- L+ variation in cours- course and strategy L+ :

16 Satomi Rumiko 1 - +*,**,*2 *+ Satomi and uh : recently the. language on the *, children.hh uh : is heavily related to the *-. hhh their. school grade. *. Rumiko mhm. */ Satomi anda : children. Uh :: maybe they are prema tu re *0 Rumiko mh m. *1 Satomi uh : what should I say mature first de, *2 Rumiko mhm. *3 Satomi anda : getta : larger amount of language +* acquisition fir st de : ++ Rumiko hm +, Rumiko mhm. +- Satomi kekkyoku can I have the success of the +. position in uh : primary school entrance exa a: m? +/ Rumiko mhm +0 Satomi wh : y. *+ Satomi *1 *3 +* Satomi *1 */ mature first de, de, Rumiko mhm *3 Satomi *3

17 Satomi *1 getta : larger amount of language acquisition first de : Rumiko mhm */ * // +01 *+ Satomi a : n for example the child itself. has some- *, what *- Rumiko u:: n. *. Satomi physica : l? */ Rumiko mhm. *0 Satomi uh : disorderder related to language acquisiti oon, *1 Rumiko un *2 Satomi or uhm some data say thata : feller childre n, *3 Rumiko yeah. +* Satomi or abused childre n, ++ Rumiko mhm +, Satomi those kind of thi : ngs,

18 +- Rumiko mhm +. *.. +/ Satomi but generally everybody got success. +0 Rumiko u: :n +1 Satomi un Satomi Rumiko *+ +/ Satomi + *+ Satomi what *- Satomi what Rumiko Satomi u: : n *. Satomi physica : l? Rumiko mhm *0 Rumiko physical physica : l? Brower,,**. ; Hosoda,,**0 physica : l?

19 Satomi Rumiko *0 acquisiti oon, *2 +* childre n, +, thi : ngs, *. physica : l? physica : l? +, thi : ngs, Satomi Rumiko 3 Rumiko ,3, -*+ *+ Rumiko but uh : the chi : ld, *, Satomi un. *- Rumiko the so : n, *. Satomi un. */ Rumiko uh : :. can speak uh :. exactly the- uh : *0 native language. uh : Japanese.

20 *1 Satomi he s native. *2 Rumiko he s nati- he is native. *3 Satomi uh : : Rumiko Rumiko *+ *0 *+ *- chi : ld, so : n, 2 *0 acquisiti oon, *2 +* childre n, +, thi : ngs, Satomi Rumiko Satomi mhm - Satomi Rumiko in press

21

22 / Cook, +33* ; Maynard, +323, +331

23 + If When If anticipatory completion If HIC Sparky : An if you and Cheryl got together David : you don t have enough. Lerner, +330, p.,.- TCU Lerner & Takagi, +333 ; Hayashi & Mori, +332,

24 Bley-Vroman, R The fundamental character of foreign language learning. In W. Rutherford & M. Sharwood Smith Eds., Grammar and second language teaching pp. +3 -*. Rowley, MA : Newbury House. Brower, C. E.,**.. Doing pronunciation : A specific type of repair sequence. In R. Gardner, & J. Wagner Eds., Second language conversations pp New York : Continuum. Cook, H. M. +33*. The sentence-final particle ne as a tool for cooperation in Japanese conversation. In H. Hoji Ed., Japanese/Korean linguistics pp. +/ Stangord, CA : The Center for the Study of Language and Information. Hayashi, M.,**-. Joint utterance construction in Japanese conversation. Amsterdam : John Benjamins. Hayashi, M.,**.. Discourse within a sentence : An exploration of postpositions in Japanese as an interactional resource. Language in Society, --, Hosoda, Y.,**0. Repair and relevance of differential language expertise in second language conversations. Applied Linguistics,,1,,/ /*. Hymes, D. +30,. The ethnography of speaking. In T. Gladwin and W. C. Sturtevant Eds., Anthropology and human behavior pp. +- /-. Washington DC : Anthropological Society of Wasington.,**/ Pp. +,0 Iwasaki, S The structure of the intonation unit in Japanese. In S. CHoi Ed., Japanese/Korean Linguistics, Vol. - pp. -3 /-. Stanford, CA : The Center for the Study of Language and Information. Maynard, S Japanese conversation : Self-contextualization through structure and interactional management. Norwood, NF : Ablex. Maynard, S Japanese communication. Honolulu : University of Hawai i Press. Lerner, G On the syntax of sentences in progress. Language and Society,,*,..+./2. Lerner, G On the semi-permeable character of grammatical units in conversation : Conditional entry into the turn space of another speaker. In E. Ochs, E. A. Sche-

25 gloff, & S. Thompson Eds., Interaction and grammar pp.,-2,10. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. Lerner, G.,**.. On the place of linguistic resources in the organization of talk-ininteraction : Grammar as action in prompting a speaker to elaborate. Research in Language and Social Interaction, -1,, Lerner, G., & Tagaki, T On the place of linguistic resources in the organization of talk-in-interaction : A co-investigation of English and Japanese grammatical practices. Journal of Pragmatics, -+,.3 1/. in press. +*,**/a -.. :.*..,**/b Pp in press +* Ochs, E., Schegloff, E. A., & Thompson, S Interaction and grammar pp.,-2,10. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. Sacks, H The search for help : No one to turn to. In E. S. Schneidman Ed., Essays in self destruction pp.,*-,,-. New York : Science House. Sacks, H. +31,. An initial investigation of the usability of conversational data for doing sociology. In D. N. Sudnow Ed., Structures in social interaction pp New York : Free Press. Sacks, H.,Schegloff, E. A., & Jefferson, G A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language, /*., /. Schegloff, E. A Sequencing in conversational openings. American Anthropologist, 1*, +*1/ +*3/.

26 . : ::., hh.hh