Delectus Indelectatus

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1 Delectus Indelectatus William S. Annis Aoidoi.org * March 2012 (v. 4) The poems in this collection portray the Greeks in less noble and uplifting moods. I suspect few people will have previously encountered the side of Sappho that produced fragment 55. Many of the poems rebuke enemies named and unnamed, humanity in general, and even a god comes in for abuse from Hipponax (36 W). The remaining verses are fatalistic or gloomy in some way that caught my attention, although a very few are simply crude. Many of the poems come from the Anthology, including several poems of Palladas, whose moralizing grouchiness I have long been fond of. A number of the poets are prone to coarse language, and, for that matter, coarse thought. I have made no attempt to hide that in the vocabulary notes, where I have used plain English rather than Latinate euphemism. As I encounter grouchy new verses I will update this collection. Palladas Anth αἰνίζειν μὲν ἄριστον, ὁ δὲ ψόγος ἔχθεος ἀρχή ἀλλὰ κακῶς εἰπεῖν Ἀττικόν ἐστι μέλι. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. αἰνίζω to praise. ἄριστος η ον best; here impersonal, it is best... ψόγος ὁ blame. ἔχθος τό gen.sg. hate, emnity. ἀρχή ἡ beginning. 2. κακῶς εἰπεῖν to speak ill (of someone). Ἀττικός ή όν Attic. μέλι τό honey. Attic honey was famed not only for its quality (and price), but also for its medicinal benefits. One suspects some sort of play related to the adjective Ἀττικόν here, but it s not clear exactly what. * This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. To view a copy of this license, visit 1

2 Palladas Anth.10.85, As flies to wanton boys πάντες τῷ θανάτῳ τηρούμεθα, καὶ τρεφόμεσθα ὡς ἀγέλη χοίρων σφαζομένων ἀλόγως. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. πάντες i.e., all of us. θάνατος ὁ death. τηρέω take care of, guard; observe. τρέφω bring up, rear. Note passive in both verbs. 2. ὡς like. ἀγέλη ἡ herd. χοῖρος ὁ pig. σφάζω slaughter; sacrifice. ἀλόγως without reason, absurdly, unintelligibly. Alcaeus fr. 332, on the death of Myrsilus νῦν χρῆ μεθύσθην καί τινα πὲρ βίαν πώνην, ἐπεὶ δὴ κάτθανε Μύρσιλος. Meter: (from Alcaic strophe). 1. χρή + acc.inf., subject is τινα now someone must; χρῆ Aeolic accenting. μεθύσκω make drunk, pass. get drunk; μεθύσθην Aeol. aor.pass inf. βία ἡ strength, force. πέρ = περί, and also replaces ὑπέρ, which Aeolic lacks. πὲρ βίαν with all your strength πώνω (= πίνω) Aeol.pres.inf. drink. κατα-θνήσκω die (away). Μύρσιλος a political rival of A. Xenophanes fr. 7 πάντα θεοῖς ἀνέθηκαν Ὅμηρός θ Ἡσίοδός τε ὅσσα παρ ἀνθρώποισιν ὀνείδεα καὶ ψόγος ἐστίν, καὶ πλεῖστ ἐφθέγξαντο θεῶν ἀθεμίστια ἔργα, κλέπτειν, μοιχεύειν τε καὶ ἀλλήλους ἀπατεύειν. Meter: hexameter. 1. πάντα everything. ἀνα-τίθημι aor.act.3pl. attribute to + dat. 2. ὅσ(σ)ος η ον as much (many) as, as great as. παρά + dat., beside, near; among. ὄνειδος τό reproach, blame, disgrace. ψόγος ὁ blame. 3. πλεῖστος η ον superlative of πολύς but best taken as intensive (Smyth 1085), very many. φθέγγομαι utter a sound; speak clearly. ἀθεμίστιος ον lawless. 4. The infinitives list the ἀθεμίστια. κλέπτω steal. μοιχεύω commit adultery. ἀπατεύω cheat, trick. Theognis φρόντισον ἔχθος ἐμὸν καὶ ὑπέρβασιν, ἴσθι δὲ θυμῷ ὥς σ ἐφ ἁμαρτωλῇ τείσομαι ὡς δύναμαι. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. φροντίζω aor.imper. consider, reflect (on). ἔχθος τό hate. ὑπέρβασις εως ἡ passage (over); transgression. οἶδα 2sg.imper. know. 2. ἁμαρτωλή ἡ fault, guilt. τείνω τείσω ἔτεισα mid. with ἐπί take vengence for, punish for. 2

3 Palladas Anth πᾶς τις ἀπαίδευτος φρονιμώτατός ἐστι σιωπῶν, τὸν λόγον ἐγκρύπτων, ὡς πάθος αἰσχρότατον. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. πᾶς τις everyone. ἀπαίδευτος ον uneducated. φρόνιμος (η) ον sensible, prudent, here superlative. σιωπάω be silent, keep silent; take participle temporally, when being silent. 2. τόν i.e., his. ἐγ-κρύπτω hide, conceal (in). πάθος τό affliction, disease. αἰσχρός ά όν shameful, wretched, again superlative. Meleager Anth οὔ μοι παιδομανὴς κραδία τί δὲ τερπνόν, Ἔρωτες, ἀνδροβατεῖν, εἰ μὴ δούς τι λαβεῖν ἐθέλει; ἁ χεὶρ γὰρ τὰν χεῖρα. καλά με μένει παράκοιτις ἔρροι πᾶς ἄρσην ἀρσενικαῖς λαβίσιν. Meter: elegiac couplet. The language is Epic-Ionic with a light Doric dusting. 1. μοι dat. of possession, I don t have... παιδομανής ές boy-crazy. κραδία ἡ heart. τερπνός ή όν delightful, pleasant; here a noun, what pleasure? Ἔρως ωτος ὁ Eros, often thought of as a group of armed children, not just the one we re used to. 2. ἀνδροβατέω mount men, sodomize; it s not clear how coarse this word is Justin Martyr uses it, so probably not very. εἰ μή unless. δίδωμι aor.act.part. nom.sg.m. give. λαμβάνω aor.act.inf. receive. 3. ἁ = ἡ. χείρ χειρός ἡ hand. τάν = τήν. cf. Epicharmus frag., ἁ δὲ χεὶρ τὰν χεῖρα νίζει δός τι καί τε λάμβανε, the hand washes the (other) hand: give something and receive something. κᾰλά = καλή. μένω remain; wait (for). παράκοιτις ιος ἡ (female) bedpartner; wife. 4. ἔρρω pres.act.opt. 3sg. disappear, come to harm, perish; optative of wish. Colloquially, get lost or the like. ἄρσην εν male, masculine. πᾶς ἄρσην every male. ἀρσενικός ή όν male, masculine. λαβίς ίδος ἡ dat.pl. handle; holder, tongs. There is an ambiguity, presumably deliberate, in the use of the dative here. It could indicate either accompaniment (Smyth 1524, 1527a) or instrument. Glycon Anth πάντα γέλως, καὶ πάντα κόνις, καὶ πάντα τὸ μηδέν πάντα γὰρ ἐξ ἀλόγων ἐστὶ τὰ γινόμενα. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. πάντα everything; supply ἐστίν. γέλως ωτος ὁ laughter; cause for laughter. κόνις εως ἡ dust; ashes. τὸ μηδέν nothing, nominalized. 2. ἄλογος ον without reason, irrational; unsuited. γῑνόμενα = γιγνόμενα; πάντα τὰ γινόμενα everything that happens. 3

4 Sappho fr. 55 κατθάνοισα δὲ κείσῃ οὐδέ ποτα μναμοσύνα σέθεν ἔσσετ οὐδὲ πόθα ὔστερον οὐ γὰρ πεδέχῃς βρόδων τὼν ἐκ Πιερίας, ἀλλ ἀφάνης κἀν Ἀίδα δόμῳ φοιτάσῃς πεδ ἀμαύρων νεκύων ἐκπεποταμένα. Meter: Aeolic dialect. 1. κατα-θνήσκω aor.act.part. nom.. sg.f. die. κεῖμαι fut.mid.2sg. lie; lie dead. ποτα = ποτε. μνημοσύνη ἡ remembrance, memory. σέθεν = σοῦ. 2. ἔσσεται there will be. ποθή ἡ longing for, desire for. ὕστερον adv. later. πεδ-έχῃς = μετ-έχῃς < μετ-έχω partake of + gen. Here and l.4 φοιτάσῃς an alternate spelling if the 2sg. -εις some editors accept. βρόδων = ῥόδων < ῥόδον τό rose. 3. τὼν article acting as rel. = ὧν; but see Smyth Πῑερία Pieria, a home of the Muses. ἀφανής ές unseen, unnoticed. κἀν = καὶ ἐν. Ἀίδᾱ gen. 4. φοιτάω go to and fro. πεδ = μετά. ἀμαυρός (ά) όν dark. νέκυς υος ὁ corpse. ἐκ-ποτάομαι perf.mid.part. nom.sg.f. fly away. Hipponax 36 (West) ἐμοὶ δὲ Πλοῦτος ἔστι γὰρ λίην τυφλός ἐς τᾠκί ἐλθὼν οὐδάμ εἶπεν Ἱππῶναξ, δίδωμί τοι μνᾶς ἀργύρου τριήκοντα καὶ πολλ ἔτ ἄλλα δείλαιος γὰρ τὰς φρένας. Meter: choliambic trimeter, 1. Πλοῦτος ὁ Wealth. λίην very.. τυφλός ή όν blind. 2. ἐς = εἰς. τᾠκί = τὰ οἰκία. οὐδαμά not at all; never. 3. τοι = σοι. μνᾶ μνᾶς ἡ mina, a (substantial) unit of money by weight; 1 mina = 100 drachmae. ἀργύρος ὁ silver, silver money. τριήκοντα indec. thirty. 4. καὶ πόλλ ἔτ ἄλλα and many other things besides. δείλαιος α ον wretched, sorry, paltry; note scansion: δείλαῐος. τάς i.e. his, Wealth s. φρήν φρενός ἡ midriff but usually heart, soul, mind; acc. of respect. Semonides 2 (West) τοῦ μὲν θανόντος οὐκ ἂν ἐνθυμοίμεθα, εἴ τι φρονοῖμεν, πλεῖον ἡμέρης μιῆς. Meter: iambic trimeter. 1. θνήσκω die; here aor.part. acting like a noun, ὁ θανών, the deceased. ἐν-θυμέομαι opt. pres.mid.3sg. think much of, be concerned at + gen. 2. τι adverbial, somewhat, at all. φρονέω opt. pres.act.1pl. be wise, have understanding. πλεῖον ἡμέρης μιῆς continues the sense of the first line. πλείων πλεῖον comp. of πολύς, more, greater; with gen. for comparand. εἷς μία ἕν gen.sg.f. one. 4

5 Callimachus Epigram 28 ἐχθαίρω τὸ ποίημα τὸ κυκλικόν, οὐδὲ κελεύθῳ χαίρω τίς πολλοὺς ὧδε καὶ ὧδε φέρει, μισῶ καὶ περίφοιτον ἐρώμενον, οὐδ ἀπὸ κρήνης πίνω σικχαίνω πάντα τὰ δημόσια. Λυσανίη, σὺ δὲ ναίχι καλὸς καλός ἀλλὰ πρὶν εἰπεῖν τοῦτο σαφῶς, ἠχώ φησί τις ἄλλος ἔχει. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. ἐχθαίρω hate. ποίημα τό poem; internal correption, scan ποῐη μᾰ. κυκλικός ή όν circular, cyclic; in common use cyclic poems are Epics, but here C. probably means popular or common poetry. κέλευθος ἡ path, way, voyage. 2. χαίρω rejoice at, take pleasure in; greet + dat. τίς = ἥπερ, i.e., κέλευθος. ὧδε καὶ ὧδε here and there. 3. μῑσέω hate. περίφοιτος ον revolving; wandering around. ἐρώμενος ὁ (young male) lover. κρήνη ἡ spring; well, fountain. 4. πίνω (ῑ) drink. σικχαίνω loathe. δημόσιος α ον belonging to the state; used by the public, common. 5. Λυσανίας ου ὁ Epic voc. Lysanias. ναίχι yes, truly. Note scansion, κᾰλός. πρίν + inf. before. 6. τοῦτο object, i.e., the phrase ναίχι καλὸς καλός. σαφῶς clearly, distinctly. ἠχώ οῦς ἡ echo. We re meant to take ἄλλος ἔχει as echoing ναίχι καλὸς καλός. Semonides 3 (West) πολλὸς γὰρ ἡμῖν ἐστὶ τεθνάναι χρόνος, ζῶμεν δ ἀριθμῷ παῦρα κακῶς ἔτεα. Meter: iambic trimeter. 1. θνήσκω ἔθανον τέθνηκα Epic perf.act.inf. die; be killed; perf. be dead; complement to πολλὸς χρόνος, much time to be dead. 2. ζῶ (< ζώω) live. ἀριθμός ὁ number; sum; quantity; take with παῦρα, few in number. παῦρος ον little, small; few. As transmitted there is a missing heavy position in the line before κακῶς. This has resulted in much editorial speculation, which, following West, I have omitted here. ἔτος τό Epic uncontracted acc.pl. year. Automedon of Cyzicus Anth ἄνθρωποι δείλης, ὅτε πίνομεν ἢν δὲ γένηται ὄρθρος, ἐπ ἀλλήλους θῆρες ἐγειρόμεθα. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. δείλη ἡ afternoon (early or late); gen. of time within which. πίνω (ῑ) drink. ἤν = ἐάν. 2. ὄρθρος ὁ daybreak, dawn. ἐπί hostile sense, against, as often with military verbs. θήρ θηρός ὁ wild animal. ἐγείρομαι be or become awake; rouse, stir oneself; there is a play on the different senses of the word between waking up (ὄρθρος) and getting oneself roused against another (ἐπ ἀλλήλους). 5

6 Anonymous Anth.11.8 μὴ μύρα, μὴ στεφάνους λιθίναις στήλαισι χαρίζου, μηδὲ τὸ πῦρ φλέξῃς ἐς κενὸν ἡ δαπάνη. ζῶντί μοι, εἴ τι θέλεις, χάρισαι τέφρην δὲ μεθύσκων πηλὸν ποιήσεις, κοὐχ ὁ θανὼν πίεται. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. μύρον τό (ῠ) sweet oil, perfume. στέφανος ὁ wreath, garland, crown. λίθινος (η) ον made of stone; like stone. στήλη ἡ dat.pl. monument, gravestone. χαρίζομαι pres.mid.imp. 2sg. show favor or kindness; dedicate; + dat. to someone or, as in this case, to something. 2. τὸ πῦρ the funeral fire. φλέγω aor.act.subj. 2sg. burn, kindle. κενός ή όν empty, void, fruitless; ἐς κενόν to no purpose. δαπάνη ἡ cost, expense. 3. ζῶ (< ζώω) pres.act.part. dat.sg.m. live, agreeing with μοι. χάρισαι aor.mid.imp. 2sg.; cf. line 1. τέφρα ἡ Epic acc.sg. ashes, esp. of a funeral pyre. μεθύσκω make drunk; give to drink; moisten. 4. πηλός ὁ clay; mud. κοὐχ = καὶ οὐχ. ὁ θανών the dead. πίομαι (ῑ or ῐ) drink. Pindar fr. 61 τί ἔλπεαι σοφίαν ἔμμεν, ἃν ὀλίγον τοι ἀνὴρ ὑπὲρ ἀνδρὸς ἴσχει; οὐ γὰρ ἔσθ ὅπως τὰ θεῶν βουλεύματ ἐρευνάσει βροτέᾳ φρενί θνατᾶς δ ἀπὸ ματρὸς ἔφυ. 1. ἔλπομαι uncontracted 2sg. hope, expect; suppose. ἔμμεν = εἶναι. ἅν = ἥν. 2. ὑπέρ here, beyond, exceeding. ἴσχω restrain; hold, possess. 3. οὐ γὰρ ἔσθ ὅπως i.e., there is not some way that..., it is impossible to βούλευμα τό resolution, purpose. ἐρευνάω seek, search for, explore. βρότεος η ον Epic mortal, human. φρήν φρενός ἡ midriff but usually heart, soul, mind. 5. θνᾱτᾶς = θνητῆς, θνητός (ή) όν mortal. ματρός = μητρός. φύω grow; in aor. be. Anonymous Anth ὁ φθόνος ὡς κακόν ἐστιν ἔχει δέ τι καλὸν ἐν αὑτῷ τήκει γὰρ φθονερῶν ὄμματα καὶ κραδίην. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. φθόνος ὁ ill-will, envy, jealousy. ὡς κακόν what an evil/ill thing. τι κᾱλόν something good. 2. τήκω melt, cause to waste away. φθονερός ά όν envious, jealous. ὄμμα τό eye. κραδίη ἡ Epic heart. 6

7 Pindar fr. 110 γλυκὺ δὲ πόλεμος ἀπείροισιν, ἐμπείρων δέ τις ταρβεῖ προσιόντα νιν καρδίᾳ περισσῶς. 1. γλυκύς εῖα ύ sweet, lovely. ἄπειρος ον inexperienced, ignorant. ἔμπειρος ον experienced (with), acquainted with. 2. ταρβέω fear. πρόσ-ειμι pres.act.part. acc.sg.m. approach, attack. νιν Doric encl. 3rd. sg. acc. him, her, it; referring to πόλεμος. περισσός ή όν prodigious, excessive; as adv., exceedingly. Palladas ὢ τῆς βραχείας ἡδονῆς τῆς τοῦ βίου τὴν ὀξύτητα τοῦ χρόνου πενθήσατε. ἡμεῖς καθεζόμεσθα καὶ κοιμώμεθα, μοχθοῦντες ἢ τρυφῶντες ὁ δὲ χρόνος τρέχει, τρέχει καθ ἡμῶν τῶν ταλαιπώρων βροτῶν, φέρων ἑκάστου τῷ βίῳ καταστροφήν. Meter: iambic trimeter. 1. ὤ oh, exclamation of pain, here with gen. βραχύς εῖα ύ short, small, light. ἡδονή ἡ pleasure, enjoyment. 2. ὀξύτης ητος ἡ sharpness; quickness. πενθέω lament, mourn, here 2pl.imper. 3. καθ-έζομαι sit down; be seated. κοιμάω lull to sleep; mid. fall, be asleep. 4. μοχθέω be weary, toil at; be distressed with work. τρυφάω live softly; be extravagent, be spoiled. τρέχω δραμέομαι ἔδραμον run. 5. κατά + gen., here down upon. ταλαίπωρος ον suffering, miserable. βροτός ὁ mortal, human. 6. καταστροφή ἡ overturning; conclusion; ruin, undoing Ammianus Anth εἴη σοι κατὰ γῆς κούφη κόνις, οἰκτρὲ Νέαρχε, ὄφρα σε ῥηϊδίως ἐξερύσωσι κύνες. Meter: elegiac couplet. 1. εἴη pres.act.opt.3sg. of εἰμί, to be; opt. of wish. κατὰ γῆς underground. κοῦφος η ον light, nimble. κόνις εως ἡ dust; ashes. οἰκτρός ά όν pitiable; miserable. 2. ὄφρα Epic so that; until, while; here with subj. ῥηϊδίως Epic easily. ἐξ-ερύω draw out of, snatch out. κύων κυνός ὁ,ἡ dog. 7

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