1 ΑΡΣΑΚΕΙO ΓΕΝΙΚΟ ΛΥΚΕΙΟ ΠΑΤΡΩΝ «ESCAPE: Μία εκπαιδευτική Αθλητική Πρόκληση για την ενίσχυση της αυτογνωσίας των µαθητών» «ΤΕΧΝΟΛΟΓΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΑΘΛΗΤΗΣ ΑΓΩΝΩΝ ΡΟΜΟΥ» Τάξη: Β Λυκείου Ερευνητική Εργασία (Project) Α και Β Τετραμήνου Ομάδα μαθητών: Α/Α ΟΝΟΜΑΤΕΠΩΝΥΜΟ ΜΑΘΗΤΗ 1. Αλεξοπούλου Αδαμαντία 2. Γεννατά Αικατερίνη 3. Γιαλελής Εμμανουήλ 4. Ζαμπάρα Σοφία 5. Καραπάνος Παναγιώτης 6. Καρδαράκου Ασημίνα 7. Κεκάτου Δήμητρα 8. Κολοκυθοπούλου Παναγιώτα 9. Λαγοπαναγιωτοπούλου Ελισάβετ -Ιωάννα 10. Μπαμπούνης Αλέξανδρος 11. Νικολάου Χαρίλαος 12. Παναγιωτακόπουλος Νικόλαος 13. Πανταζόπουλος Νικόλαος 14. Πορευόπουλος Νικόλαος 15. Ράθωσης Ανδρέας 16. Σολωμός Κωνσταντίνος 17. Τσατσάνης Κωνσταντίνος 18. Φιντριλής Σπυρίδων Υπεύθυνος καθηγητής: Σάββας Σταματόπουλος Τεχνολόγος Μηχ/γος Μηχανικός
2 Introduction Based on this year s project escape, we carried out a research and discovered another aspect of technology. More particularly, we elaborated on its contribution in the field of sports and especially in racing. Through our research we came to the realization that technology is an invaluable part of athletics/ sports. Thus, our first and main question, that motivated us to participate in this program, was eventually answered; which is the role of technology in the field of sports? Abstract The main topic of our project is <<technology and racing athletes>> which concentrates most on the theoretical aspect of escape. Firstly we will present you the fruitful results of our research which is consisted of 10 different activities. Activities 1 and 2 are referred to the mechanical constructions of the Ancient Greek civilization and their contribution to the progress that has been made nowadays based on them. Moreover, we will discuss about the new methods that improve the athlete's performance, such as nano bionic, as well as innovative applications such as Hawk-eye. The field of athletic vision, which is not well known in Greece and other countries, will be analyzed to you. Finally modern technologies that have been applied to the Olympics of 2004 will be described to you. ΠΕΡΙΛΗΨΗ Θέμα πραγμάτευσης της εργασίας μας είναι «τεχνολογία και αθλητής αγώνων δρόμου» η οποία επικεντρώνεται στο θεωρητικό κομμάτι του «escape». Αρχικά θα σας παρουσιάσουμε το πόρισμα από την έρευνα μας πάνω σε μια συλλογή 10 δράσεων. Οι δυο πρώτες δράσεις αναφέρονται στις μηχανικές κατασκευές των Αρχαίου Ελληνικού πολιτισμού και η συμβολή τους ως θεμελιωτές των σημερινών. Στην συνέχεια θα σας παρουσιάσουμε τις νέες μεθόδους που βελτιώνουν τις επιδώσεις των αθλητών, όπως το nanobionic, καθώς και ρηξικέλευθες τεχνολογικές εφαρμογές όπως το Hawk-eye. Επίσης θα αναλυθεί ο κλάδος της αθλητικής όρασης, που δεν είναι τόσο διαδεδομένος στην Ελλάδα. Τέλος θα σας περιγράψουμε τις σύγχρονες τεχνολογίες που χρησιμοποιήθηκαν στους Ολυμπιακούς Αγώνες του Research questions What kind of technology was developed by ancient Greeks? What is the connection between technology and sports? What kind of technology is used now days in Greece? What is the connection between the ancient and the modern technology? Which are the methods used by the athletes to improve their performance?
3 Activity no 1 Skene ("tent" or "hut"), backstage; building directly behind the stage, used to house the actors and "set", used to store costumes and props Eccyclema is a wheeled divice with which the effigies of dead people were presented to the audience as in Ancient Greece it was considered immoral to expose original dead bodies to the citizens. Activity no 2 Taking a closer look of << mixanologiko daimonio>> of our ancestors: According to greek mythology; a) Individual flying machines credited by Daedalus and Icarus b) Talos, the first robot that has ever been created, based on today s knowledge, was constructed by Hephaistos following Zeus orders with the sole purpose of protecting Crete. He wasn't consisted ofbrass and acquired a unique vein through which royal blood was flowing. Activity no 3: «Road race measuring instruments» Respiratory Excersiser Theoretical presentation on the ability of inspiratory muscles and their empowerment with respiratory exerciser with protocol of 30 breaths 2 times a day will improve their performance and reduce breathlessness in less than 1 month. Practice with 3 people in exercise 30 puffs with respiratory exerciser with graded resistance similar fitness level. Portable heart frequency meters Theoretical presentation on heart rate and heart variability, direct correlation with the intensity of exercise. Ability to exercise safely and effectively using heart monitors, even to help during exercise and after -or before. Practical application tests at rest, for assessment of fitness (fitnesstest), and rehabilitation, with immediate results in 5 ', based norms.
4 Portable ergometer system for evaluation of tachydynamis Theoretical presentation for laboratory precision measurements with portable system, protocols and test tachydynamis, explosiveness, acceleration and speed, reaction time, dexterity, aerobic and anaerobic power ( eg Ajax Shuttletest, 505 test, Illinoisagilityruntest, Takeoffreactiontimetest, palindrome, dropjumps platform jumps etc. ). Practical application to test speed with photocells, with final and intermediate time in certain distillation Activity no 4: Determination of fat Age Height Weight BMI %Fat R.Leg L.Leg R.Arm L.Arm Body % Water Classical Marathon Technologies : Time Count: In order to record the stop time and the split times of the participants appear in the official results of the race, should all runners: to bring up their timing chip throughout the rally in accordance with the instructions of the Organizing Committee, to go over all the timing mats both starting end of the race and at intermediate points (if any). The timing chip runners receive it along with their number of participation from the Registration Centre of the match. Total and net time a) Total time b) Net time NOTE : Because with the use of TIMING CHIPS it is possible to measure the net performance of all athletes, there is no reason overcrowding at the starting line. TIMING CHIPS also allow registration of intermediate times of the runners at the points defined by the organizers.
5 Activity no 5 We already highlighted the sleek design of the Olympic Velodrome, but really the entirety of the Olympic park deserves high praise. The Olympic Stadium, which will host track and field events and houses 80,000 spectators, is up for a RIBA (Royal Institute of British Architects) Sterling Prize for its design and sustainability. The Park was built on a former brownfield site using an array of recycled materials the Olympic Stadium minimizes the use of steel, and its roof trusses were made of old gas pipeline. Fourty-five hectares of green space were created in the park as well to provide wildlife habitat and protect water quality in the area, ensuring the new concrete jungle wouldn t leave a menagerie of British animals (we assume they all have adorable accents) homeless. Getty Images Robotic and 3D Cameras As football fans, we re well acquainted with the robotic camera-on-a-wire that flies above the field and somehow avoids being creamed by the ball. What s old news for American sports, though, is brand new for the Olympics this summer. Getty Images will be using fully remote-controllable cameras, equipped with 360 degree swiveling heads, to shoot from vantage points photographers can t access like rafters and other nifty niches. Getty will also experiment with 3D imagery during the games, with rigs equipped with two DSLRs for capturing a stereoscopic sense of depth.
6 Activity no 6. Systems of group telemetric monitoring intensity and burden based on the pulse. System of gas exchange Theoretical presentation about the highest level of oxygen uptake and the anaerobic threshold, emphasized in the football. Diagnostic Systems- Heart stress rating. Theoretic presentation about the determination of heart stress and the affect that has when we're exercising and the readjustment of the intensity in aerobic exercise with cardiac levels frequency. Activity no 7. " The athletic vision uses the technical support and the dynamic of ophthalmology and odometric science not only to diagnose and correct the refrangibleness of errors of athletes, that are possible through a conventional ophthalmologic exam but also the prevention of possible ophthalmologic injuries and also the Better coordination of optokinetic reactions (by exercising and using the needed scientific equipments). All the previous points have as an ultimate goal the improvement of the athletes performance in the road running. An athlete that seems to be a challenge in which the athlete that will diststinct will be the faster and the one that has the best physical condition. The difference between the superstar athlete and the average athlete is, in all cases the optic possibilities that they have, and not their physical condition and properties. Sports are devided in three categories according to the optic characteristics: In Dynamic: with characteristics the accuracy and speed of the eye movement, peripheral and stereoscopic vision and coordinating movement - visual in non-dynamic, (bowling, golf, archery) whose characteristics are the high visual acuity in the central field of vision and stability control commitment to static (weightlifting) in which the vision does not play a big role.
7 Activity no 8 Hawk eye is a complicated computer system that is used officially in many sports such as cricket, tennis, and football so that it visually tracks the trajectory of the ball and presents the most possible route in moving pictures. A leiser beam is used to measure. The jump for example in the long - jump sport the only thing that the judge has to do is to put a mark at the last trace on the sand (in tennis when the ball is close to the lines Hawk eye show if it is in or out).the Hawk eye has been developed in United Kingdom by Dr. Paul Hawkins Activity no 9 For the improvement of an athletes stamina, training at a higher altitude has been proposed where there is a lower concentration of O2. In this way the body is overexerting itself due to lack of oxygen. When the athlete trains under normal conditions, their red blood cell count increases this improving the body s performance. Altitude training, also known as hypoxic training, involves exercising in, living in or otherwise breathing oxygen reduced air for the purpose of improved athletic performance, pre-acclimatization to altitude and/or physical wellness. Traditionally, individuals had to travel to or live at high elevations to obtain the benefits of this phenomenon. Circa 1995, the patented technology of Hypoxico Inc. eliminated this hardship by allowing high altitude training facilities to be set up anywhere. Through the production of normobaric hypoxic (oxygen reduced) air, we can simulate altitudes of up to 21,000ft/6,400m. As a result, athletes, fitness enthusiasts and health conscious individuals worldwide can take advantage of the benefits associated with altitude training while at sea-level.
8 Built with lightweight, easy to assemble aluminum profiles Available in four different sizes to accommodate all bed sizes Adjustable for up to 12,500ft/3800m of simulated altitude Compatible with high altitude adapter (climb to approx. 17,500ft)r Activity no 10: Tecnology-Function Nanobionic is a special company which has developped the most innovative and advanced high-tech textiles, which absorbe the thermal energy emitted from human body and convert it to FIR(Far Infrared Rays) energy in order to return that energy back to the human body, with those unique benefits: 1.Increase of strength 2.Increase of power 3.Increase of stamina 4.Reduction of fatigue 5.Temperature balance 6.Increase of toxins release 7.Better sleep quality 8.Increase of comfort and wellness Nanobionic's applications focus, without constraining, on health, on sport and on army. The high tech textiles that are used for making clothes are patented by the company and are only available by nanobionic ltd Athletes saw their performane to rapidly increase, people with chronic kinetical problems or lack of balance enjoy an important improvement in their lifestyle.
9 References: %BF%CF%82_%CE%A0%CE%B1%CF%80%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%BF %CE%BB%CE%AC%CE%BF%CF%85 Παυσανίας, Ελλάδος περιήγησις, Ηλειακά, VI as %CE%B1%CE%BD%CF%84%CE%AF%CE%BD%CE%BF%CF%82- %CE%BA%CF%89%CE%BD%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B1%CE%BD%CF%84%CE%AF%CE% BD%CE%BF%CF%85/1110#sthash.KjJYBBM5.dpuf