The PASCAL Chronicle 2011/2012

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1 The PASCAL Chronicle 2011/2012

2 The PASCAL Chronicle Inside this issue: Contents page...2 Editor s message. 2 Director s message..3 Principal s message.4 Headmistress message. 4 School Calendar... 5 Message from the President of Central Pupil Council...6 Prefects.. 6 Graduates Careers Counselling....8 Library...9 Profile Competitions.12 PSHE 22 Extra curricular Activities EYP.. 23 Medi.M.U.N Science Fair. 24 Francophonie. 25 Lecture on the Importance of Language Learning..26 School play Clubs..29 Houses..33 Events School Trip. 42 Summer Camp International Baccalaureate Departments Languages English.47 French.52 German...54 Social Sciences Geography.55 History.55 Psychology...57 Economics.59 Modern Greek and Classical Studies Greek...60 Greek History..64 Religious Knowledge...65 Mathematics..66 Sciences Physical Education 70 Computing 72 Arts Art.74 Music.76 PASCAL English School Staff photo.77 Message from the Editor, Ms Maria Vasiliou It is with great pleasure that I welcome you to this year s edition of the PAS- CAL Chronicle. Looking back at this academic year, I realize that it has truly been a remarkable one in many ways and I feel that my duty as editor is to document the year s success in the best possible way for all to see and commend. Our students have once again made us proud through their academic achievements as well as their participation in various extra-curricular activities and competitions. Within these pages you will not only see how eventful our year has been in terms of activities and events but you will also be amazed by our young writers who managed to produce a variety of work on different topics. However, producing a school magazine is a collaborative effort and therefore I would like to take this opportunity to express my appreciation to all the teachers and Heads of Departments for their valuable contributions. I would also like to sincerely thank my assistant editors Ms Anastasia Pittaki and Ms Mary Vrahimi for all their hard work and dedication. And finally, many special thanks also to Mr. Andreas L. Andreou for his assistance with the photography and Ms Chrystalla Constantinou for proofreading. Happy Reading! 2

3 Message from the Director, Dr. Alexis Andreou Welcome to the 2011/12 electronic edition of The PASCAL Chronicle. In the following pages you will find information about our unique academic programmes, competitive environment and school life in general. I hope that you will spend some of your time reading through and that you will find our academic programmes, school environment and school life challenging and inspiring. Through the educational experience we provide, we broaden our pupils horizons and equip them with skills for their future studies and career. The impact can be seen in the latest university placements and successful offers that came from prestigious universities and the success our alumni have achieved in various careers. I take this opportunity to bring to your attention some good to know facts regarding the last academic year: 1. 67% of our graduates who applied to the UK universities received their offers based only on the Apolytirion and 33% received theirs based on the combination of Apolytirion and their GCE A levels or IB Diploma % of our graduates who applied to the UK universities met the conditions of their first choice university and thus were accepted for their further studies. Moreover, their university placement was at 9 out of 20 leading UK universities belonging to The Russell Group ( 3. All our graduates who applied to the UK universities and received their offers based on the Apolytirion and the IB Diploma secured at least 30 points on the IB Diploma, which according to the UCAS tariff points corresponds to 3 GCE A levels with grade A % of our graduates who applied to the UK universities and who received their offers based on the combination of Apolytirion and their GCE A levels had achieved at least 2 GCE A levels with grade A. 5. Our graduate who has scored 41 on the IB Diploma falls into the stable 3.5% of the IB Diploma recipients worldwide who manage to score above 40 each year. According to the UCAS tariff points 41 score on the IB Diploma equals 5 GCE A levels with grade A. 6. Lund University, in Sweden, offered a place to our graduate based on the Apolytirion alone for the course Biomedicine: Molecular Medicine for September The fees for EU nationals studying in Sweden are free and a number of courses such as the mentioned one are taught in English. I am confident that our graduates will have equally good results this year. We are expecting university placements in the top UK universities along with placements in University of Amsterdam, Fontys University of Applied Sciences in Eindhoven, The Netherlands and in Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. Up to this point in time our pupils have secured places or conditional offers for the following academic year, at the following UK universities: University of Aberdeen, University of Bath, Bristol University*, City University, Edinburgh Napier University, University of Essex, University of Glasgow*, Glasgow Caledonian University, University of Kent, Lancaster University, Leeds University*, University of Leicester, University of Manchester*, Newcastle University*, University of Nottingham*, Queen Margaret University, Queen Mary University of London, University of Reading, Robert Gordon University, University of Sheffield*, University of Southampton*, University of Strathclyde, University of Surrey, University of Sussex, University of Warwick*, University of the West of Scotland. *Included in the group of 20 leading UK universities committed to maintaining the very best research, an outstanding teaching and learning experience and unrivalled links with business and the public sector (The Russell Group: It has been a busy year since the last edition, for both staff members and pupils, with the continuing changes and improvements in our school. Hence, I would like to take this opportunity to update you on the upgrading of our facilities. In our constant effort to promote sports, we are currently constructing a football pitch (90x50m) with artificial turf, with bleachers for 1,500 spectators and lighting of 300 lux. We are also planning the construction of a track with artificial turf and additional sports facilities. The football pitch will be completed this coming July. ANOR- THOSIS and OLYMPIC PIREAUS football academies will continue to use our futsal facilities during the afternoon hours throughout the next school year and APOEL will be using the mentioned football pitch. I would, sincerely, like to thank all those who contributed to the production of this magazine which reflects the work, life and efforts of pupils and staff members of our school. 3

4 The PASCAL Chronicle Message from the Principal, Ms Ariana Milutinovic It is that time of the year when the academic year is behind us and when we critically look back and evaluate our achievements but it is also a poignant moment when we say good bye to our graduates having watched them grow up for the last six years. I would like to take this moment and reflect on our school s mission statement and how it translates into practice. Our school s mission statement says: PASCAL English School aims for its students to know that in the today s rapidly changing world it is an absolute necessity to be able to anticipate change as much as to respond to it adequately and timely. Students are encouraged to take an interest in issues of importance to the global community, such as human rights and the environment and to accept their shared responsibility as global citizens. In the pages before you will find evidence of our students avid academic, sports and artistic achievements. You will also find ample evidence of their interest in the environmental and global issues as well as of their commendable active engagement and hands on approach. Moreover, you will find evidence of their genuine compassion for those affected by adversity. Taking a closer look at our students and the year behind us I can say with confidence that the school has succeeded in providing the right framework and environment with plenty of encouragement, incentive and educational as well as extracurricular opportunity for our students to grow, develop and broaden their horizons. Consequently, our students have impressed with their dedication, resourcefulness and creativity. Hence, it is safe to say that our mission statement is successful in what it says it sets out to do. I would like to ask our students to each take some time to reflect on their own individual so far achieved targets and results, academic as well as personal. A focused reflection and an honest evaluation will help each one to set future targets with clarity which in turn will help each one to achieve the set targets. I trust you will enjoy this edition of PASCAL Chronicle as it documents yet another eventful, successful and happy year. Message from the Headmistress, Ms Chrystalla Constantinou What makes a successful school year? School life encompasses the academic, the social, the extra-curricular. It involves on the one hand the written curriculum: subject specialisms, lessons, the academic challenges of competitions, tests, written work. On the other hand it involves the unwritten curriculum: trips, excursions, events and activities, organised and impromptu. The Pascal Chronicle, as its name implies, gathers together this range and variety in order to chronicle the school year with extracts and snapshots of school life. Within these pages the reader will be able to revisit the academic year for many years to come rather like opening a time capsule and recall the work, emotions and activities and events which made it special. I would like to thank all the pupils who have contributed to this edition and whose contributions to school life whether academic or extra- curricular have enriched this academic year and have helped to make the school proud of their achievements. I would also like to thank all the teachers who have guided, supported and encouraged the pupils in all their endeavours both inside and outside the classroom. In particular I thank Ms Anastasia Pittaki and Ms Mary Vrahimi for their work on the layout of the Chronicle and I would like to thank Ms Maria Vasiliou, Editor, for her hard work in editing the Pascal Chronicle and weaving the myriads of contributions into a cohesive whole. Happy reading. 4

5 Extract from Calendar of Events & Activities A SEMESTER 15/09/11 Lecture on Effective Study to the parents of Year 1 pupils by Mr. Protopapas, Educational Advisor 19-23/9/11 Study Skills Delivery Week 23/09/11 House Elections 30/9/11 In-school celebration for the Memorial of the 1st October /10/11 Pupil Councils elections 13/10/11 1st Club meeting 27/10/11 In-school celebration for the memorial of the 28th October /10/11 PASCAL English School participates in the National Parade 01/11/11 Lecture on Optional Subjects for Year 3 pupils 05/11/11 Houses Fun Day 07/11/11 Lecture on International Baccalaureate Diploma for Year 4 pupils 09/11/11 1st school trip 10/11/11 Lecture on optional subjects for parents/guardians of Year 3 pupils 10/11/11 Lecture on International Baccalaureate Diploma for parents/guardians of Year 3 and 4 pupils 18/11/11 Girls Basketball tournament 25/11/11 Inter-school Tennis tournament 25/11/11 2nd Club meeting 06/12/11 Fire Drill 06/12/11 Sports Day Makarion Stadium 09/12/11 District cross-country competition 14/12/11 Christmas Carols by PASCAL English School Choir at Eleftheria Square B SEMESTER 19/01/12 3rd Club meeting Lecture on Internet Safety for Year 1 pupils 20/1/12 Style Vibe Competition 27/01/12 Group 4 IB project presented to Year 4 pupils 31/01/12 Greek Embassy Essay Writing Competition 02/02/12 MOEC District Swimming Competition 10/02/12 4th Club meeting/ Lecture on blood donation to Year 6 pupils 16/02/12 2nd school trip 17/02/12 Blood Donation 23/02/12 English Creative Writing Competition 23/02/12 Carnival party 29/02/12 5th Club meeting/ Lecture on Drugs for Year 4 pupils & Presentation on Volunteerism for Year 5 pupils 09/03/12 Francophonie 12-16/03/12 Annual Books Bazaar 16/03/12 Theatrical performance A Midsummer Night s Dream 17/03/12 Discovery Day 20/03/12 6th Club meeting /Sports Day/ Workshop on the dangers of drugs for Year 3 pupils 23/03/12 In-school celebration for the memorial of the 25th March 1821 and 1st Apr 55 25/03/12 PASCAL English School participates in the National Parade 02/04/12 International Children s Book Day event for Year 1 pupils 09/04/12 Hidden Talents Open Auditions 27/04/12 Hidden Talents Evening X Finals 12/05/12 7th Club meeting /Lecture on Driving Safety for Year 5 pupils & Lecture on Healthy Eating for Year 2 pupils 12/05/12 Science Fair 13-18/06/12 Year 3 Trip to Barcelona 26/06/12 Winning House Trip to the Waterpark 27/06/12 Graduation and Awards Ceremony 18-24/07/12 Summer Camp 5

6 The PASCAL Chronicle Message from the President of the Central Pupil Council, Maria Hadjigeorgiou 6IB The truth is that being elected as the President of the Central Pupil Council this year, was one of my greatest experiences. I feel the need to thank not only all the members of the Central Pupil Council as well as all the Year 6 students for their support and consistency but also all the teaching staff for helping us in handling our tasks. Besides working with the council members, throughout the year, I also had to work with a very collaborative Year 6 group, full of energy and the will to produce results. I feel extremely proud of the work that has been produced this year, and so I would like to congratulate everyone who has been involved in it. Of course being the President has occupied a strenuous amount of my studying-time but it was absolutely worth it as it has taught me valuable life lessons. At this moment, I am convinced that one's strengths and abilities can be infinitely developed, even if he/she doesn't perceive the process. I wish everyone the best Being a Prefect. Since the beginning of the new academic year , many events have taken place. One of the most exciting was the appointment of the new school Prefects. Every year in our school, students from Years 5 and 6 are chosen for the prestigious position of Prefect. The position of Prefect plays a vital role in the student s personal development. Being a Prefect makes you realize that you should be responsible for every task you do and aware of what is happening around you. Our duty is to maintain discipline in the schoolyard, help all students and solve any disputes between them so that they display appropriate behaviour during breaks. We are also responsible for the organization of many events and for setting a good example for the other students to follow. As Prefects, we tried our best to carry out all the responsibilities that the school required of us. The cooperation of all Prefects was excellent and this led to effective results. We are proud and we feel that being a Prefect is a unique and valuable experience. the prefects of Christos Hadjinicolaou 6D 6

7 Graduates At this point of the year, the end, I have mixed feelings. On the one hand, I m really happy that finally I get to graduate from my high school and begin the life that I always dreamed of. However, six years in Pascal are more than enough to make strong relationships with teachers, and make friends that will follow you for the rest of your life. My memories from this school will be unforgettable and will always have a special place in my heart. I am sure that I will miss every single part that the word school implies. That s why I will try to enjoy every single day that remains Tatiana Griva 6IB So, here we are! Six years have gone by so fast! Throughout the years I was wondering if the long school years would ever end but these last few months I have realized that leaving school isn t really liberating, it s actually harder because it s time to face the real world! I must admit, we ve had some unforgettable moments together here at school. Since our school trip to France the list is simply endless. Surely, our school life wasn t only fun, we ve all had our difficulties but we managed to overcome them successfully. Don t forget the one who gains strength by overcoming obstacles possesses the only strength which can overcome adversity. I wish everyone good luck in whatever they decide to do in the future! Anna-Maria Neofytou 6C I always felt that once I found myself in the position I find myself in now, the only thing I would feel is relief. Relief that my school years are coming to a close and I would be moving on to a new journey and more exciting aspect of life. However, finally being a graduate, I can tell you that this only covers a fraction of the mixture of emotions that I now feel. I cannot begin to tell you how much I will miss being a student and all the joys it has brought me. Most of all, I will tremendously miss the friends I was lucky enough to make, who have made these school years extra special for me. The trip to France and Kakopetria as well as Tsiknopempti at Kornos are just a few of the memorable moments we have shared together, that will always stay in my heart. There are also some teachers that I will be sad to leave behind. They are the ones who have encouraged me, supported me, helped me overcome my obstacles, achieve my goals but most of all have taught me the value of life and the correct way to live it. While I do fear the many responsibilities coming my way and the fact that I must act more independently, I am simultaneously eager to experience them and move on to this new part of my life and face the world with my family by my side. I believe that I am ready and mature enough to enter adulthood and I long to see what the future holds for me. PESL 2012 FOR EVER! Sophia Karanikolas 6A 7

8 The PASCAL Chronicle Career Counselling, Mr. Panagiotis Papadopoulos The role of the career counsellor in Pascal Education Career counsellors serve as teachers, confidants, and advisors to their students. Today's PASCAL school counsellors are vital members of the education team. They assist students in the areas of academic and, career development in order to ensure today's students become the productive, well-adjusted adults of tomorrow. Career counsellors are qualified to address all students academic and career development needs by designing, implementing, evaluating and enhancing a comprehensive counselling programme that promotes and enhances student success. How can career counselling help our pupils? When it comes to applying for university, pupils often feel lost, confused and the whole process may appear daunting. However, meeting with the school counsellor can be a great opportunity for pupils to share their concerns about the future. The counsellor may also ask different types of questions to help identify their interests or personality preferences. During these meetings, the career counsellor will help pupils and guide them so as to ensure that the appropriate choice of course of study is made, which will lead to a fulfilling career. It is our belief that students with a carefully thought out career plan are likely to push themselves to achieve the best results at school. Grades will be higher and courses will be well-chosen to complement their long term career plans. 8

9 The Library My school library The library of PASCAL Education Lefkosia was established in the academic year and provides students and staff access to a variety of resources. The School library teaches to the students information skills, promotes love for reading and creates the future users of an academic library. Via several activities such as The Annual Library Competition, the Writer of the Month competition, The Books Bazaar, the Scholastic Book Fair, the Library Newsletter and Library Lessons, students have the opportunity to use the library and improve their reading and writing skills and also learn how to be good library members. The importance of Library Lessons Every year the librarian delivers a library lesson to the students who visit the library accompanied by a teacher. During the library lesson, a leaflet is given to the students by the librarian with the news of the library, library rules and a part of information literacy which differs depending on the form. For instance: Year 1 students learn the classification system and how to find a book following the classification number with the help of the librarian. Year 2 students learn how to make a search in an electronic catalogue (OPAC). Why are library lessons so important? Through these lessons the students learn to use the Academic Libraries a skill which will be very useful and helpful during their studies at the University. Also they learn how to conduct a library search and find the right information that suits their needs. During these library lessons students have the opportunity to learn how to find articles in electronic and printed form which is very important for the creation of their projects and academic assignments. Finally, the students have two library lessons every year with their teachers in order to do projects and to obtain knowledge for reference materials and journals. Assistant Librarians Every year the library team is ready to help voluntarily in the library during break time, ensuring that the library rules are respected and helping the students to have access to the computers and to library resources. Every student is welcome to take part in this team to learn new things, earn House Points and make new friends. The Head Assistant Librarian manages the team and supervises the duties every break. Head Assistant Librarian: Yiannis Mavromoustakos 6IB Assistant Librarians: Lower School: Yiannis Chasikos 3E, Andriani Soupashi 2E Upper School: Maria Papadopoulou 5IB, Bianca Geangalau 5IB, Robyn Bridle 5IB, Christina Georgiou 5IB, Ραθαήι Κηζηανύιεο η1 9

10 The PASCAL Chronicle The Library New Activity in the library Your teachers recommend you read these books The library promoted a new activity and the aim is to inspire pupils to read books in English and in Greek in order to upgrade their general knowledge and language skills. All teachers recommended to their students their favourite book from the school library with a brief comment. If a book wasn t listed in the school library the librarian either suggested another title or ordered the book for the library. The students were able to come and choose the book of their choice and read the comments of their teachers. An attractive poster with the teachers recommendations, the titles and the comments was distributed to the students two weeks before the Easter Holidays so they could have time to read their book over the holidays. The librarian wishes to thank Mrs Donna Demou, French teacher who gave the first spark of light for this wonderful idea and supported this activity with passion. International Children s Book Day On April 2, around the world, schools and libraries celebrate the date of birth of Hans Christian Andersen with several events and activities. In the school assembly on 6 th of April, Maria Papadopoulou, 5IB read the message of IBBY with the title Once upon a time, there was a story that the whole world told by Francisco Hinojosa. Every year International Board of Books for Young People (IBBY) promote this day with a message written by a writer and poster designed by an artist from that country which sponsor this day each year. For 2012 this country is Mexico. University of Nicosia Library The collaboration between the University of Nicosia Library and our school library started in September Students and staff members of PASCAL Education Libraries are able to use the University of Nicosia Library with their PASCAL card. The above services are available through the librarian: interlibrary loan, access to databases, access to reading room/reference material during specific days and times, access to the online catalogue of the library. The children have the opportunity to visit an academic library and use these services to promote the idea of life-long learning in young people. Ms Constantia Kamberi, Librarian 10

11 PROFILE Interview with Ms Christiana Efthymiou, Senior Mistress and Head of Sciences Department Q: What inspired you to teach and at what age did you know this was the right choice for you? A: I had very good relations with my teachers whom I admired a lot and looked up to. When I was in high school I wanted to become a doctor. But my physics teacher used to ask me to prepare and actually teach some of our lessons. So gradually teaching became an option for me and I started considering it seriously. Q: If you had it to do over would you choose something else? A: It depends on the day that you ask the question! No seriously I think that what I do fulfills me, despite the difficulties we teachers may face. I don t think I would choose to do something else. I like my job, I like what I do and also like the fact that one day is not the same as the next. You never know what to anticipate and what will come up! (with your pupils coming up with different things to keep us busy! ) Q: What do you expect from your students? A: I expect them to do their best, not to give up despite the difficulties they may face, to have aims and goals in their lives and work towards their completion. I expect them to respect others (teachers and pupils), to accept people who are different, to help each other and above all to have dreams! Q: What is the hardest part of your job? A: Being stressed all the time. Not being able to finish the tasks I set for myself because of things that may come up. Dealing with adults can also be very hard as you try to be as professional as possible, show understanding, help others and at the same time reinforce the rules and regulations of our school! Q: What do you like/dislike the most about teaching? A: I like the fact that as a teacher I have the chance to pass information and knowledge to young people. I don t like the fact that sometimes pupils are not very willing to set targets for themselves and make their studies their priority. Q: If you could create an ideal school, what would it be like? A: I don t believe an ideal school exists, and ideal in the eyes of whom? Teachers or pupils? To be honest, usually what we have is the ideal but we do not know it or appreciate it until we lose it. Let s talk next year when you guys will not be here. Q: What you were like as a student? A: I was an excellent pupil academically.and let s leave it at that!! Q: If I walked into your classroom on a typical afternoon, what would I see going on? A: You would see a teacher delivering a lesson and pupils paying attention, copying their notes from the board, in a quite friendly environment. Q: Would you describe yourself as a tough teacher or an understanding teacher? A: I think that as teachers we bring out a different self depending on the situation that we have to deal with. I cannot say whether I am tough or understanding. I can be both. But this is the way I see myself. You also need to ask my pupils! Tatiana Griva 6IB 11

12 The PASCAL Chronicle ENGLISH CREATIVE WRITING COMPETITION The annual English Creative Writing Competition takes place in all three cities and involves pupils of PAS- CAL English School and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ. This year s competition took place on Thursday 23 rd February Both Lower and Upper school pupils were given a title and were asked to write a creative essay based on this. After various stages of judging winners were finally announced on 23 rd April 2012: Alex Vikentiov (2A) from PES Larnaka in the Lower School category and Robyn Bridle (5IB) from PES Lefkosia in the Upper School category. The class finalists from PASCAL English School Lefkosia were as follows: Lower School Upper School Demetris Galides 1A Sophia Savvidou 4A Antonis Georgiou 1B Andria Yiannaki 4B Marialena Georgiou 1C Mary Christoforou 4C Styliana Manthopoulou 1D Stephanie Costa 4D Eleana Gabriel 2A Jesse Christodoulou 4E Stelios Kiliaris 2B Athina Stavrou 4F Stefanos Stavrou 2C Maria Soupashi 5A Katerina Karouklari 2D Nikodemos Constantinou 5B Andreani Soupashi 2E Andrea Demetriou 5C Francesca Yennadiou 3A John Charalambous 5D Stephanie Foukaris 3B George Kyriakides 5E Yiannis Efthyvoulou 3C Maria Papadopoulou 5IB Isavella Karoyian 3D Robyn Bridle 5IB Rebecca Hansen-Nicolaou 3E Sophia Karanicholas 6A Chrystalla Kofterou 3F Panayiotis Pastos 6B Kallia Markaki 6C Christos Hadjinicolaou 6D Andreas Foukaris 6IB Eleana Gabriel and Robyn Bridle were selected to represent the school in the final stage. In the Greek School category, the winner for Lower School was Marina Ashioti (Γ1) PAS- CAL Greek School, Lefkosia and Anastasia Kazepi PASCAL Greek School, Lemesos. 12


14 The PASCAL Chronicle PASCAL English School wins first prize in German Competition. Robyn Bridle and Bianca Geangalau of class 5IB of PASCAL English School, Lefkosia participated in the Pancyprian competition PASCH in relation to the German language organized in memory of George Droushiotis, German teacher. The competition asked students to design a project related to the German language and culture and the criteria was that the students be as creative as possible. The projects were sent on 30/4/2012 and both projects won first prize. Our pupils attended the awards ceremony in Limassol on Friday 11/5/2012 to receive their prizes. Many congratulations to the two students and their teacher Ms Stavroula Tontou. 14

15 PASCAL pupils take part in the Science Revealed-S Factor competition PASCAL English School and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ pupils took part in the 6th annual Science Revealed event which took place on the 23rd of September at Famagusta Gate in Nicosia. The goal of the event was to present a better public image of researchers and stress the importance of their role in society, and to encourage young people to perhaps follow a career in research. Among the many displays, attractions and activities of the event was the S-Factor competition which encouraged young students to engage in a scientific phenomenon or experiment, and find an original and fun way to present it in front of an audience in three minutes. Constantinos Christodoulou in (2A) presented a demonstration and explanation of the use of magnetic repulsion in the functioning of magnetic trains and secured third place in the Junior Category. Antoniou Panagiotis in (Γ1), explained the concept of energy transformations in everyday life using the example of an elevator. Panayides Vasilis (Γ1) focused on the difficult concept of the centre of gravity by using two eggs. Elena Katellari (Γ1) spoke about inertion using examples derived from everyday life. All students made the school proud of their innovative ways of presenting their scientific concepts, the clarity and simplicity with which they conveyed their scientific knowledge to the audience, and the courage it took to stand in front of an audience and explain their scientific phenomenon in less than three minutes. MERA Research Competition PASCAL English School Lefkosia team which participated in the MERA Research Competition organized by the Ministry of Education and the Research Foundation has been awarded with an Honourable Mention. Many congratulations to the three students from class 5IB who formed the team: Kyriakos Ellinas, Maria Papadopoulou and Christina Georgiou and of course to the teachers who supervised their work, Mr. Petros Kyprianou and Ms Sophia Michaelidou. The awarding ceremony was held on the 12th of June at Strovolos Municipality Theatre. PASCAL English School Lefkosia pupils help towards a Guinness world record Following a request to help a blind girl break a Guinness World Record, PASCAL English School Lefkosia pupils responded enthusiastically and took action immediately. Young Maria from Greece aims to break the existing record of the number of erasers owned by a single person. PASCAL English School pupils managed to collect a total of 500 erasers which were forwarded to the TAMA Association, run by President Dr. Vaso Papavasiliou, who set up a special campaign for this purpose entitled We Love you Maria. We wish the young girl the best of luck in her effort. 15

16 The PASCAL Chronicle PASCAL English School pupils in the Mathematics Kangourou Competition The annual Mathematics Kangourou competition took place on Saturday the 17th of March 2012 at the University of Nicosia (Intercollege). The following PASCAL English School, Lefkosia pupils from both Lower and Upper school participated: Nikolas Sourkounis (1B), Antonis Georgiou (1B), Marialena Georgiou (1C), Anna Meli (2E), Ioannis Chasikos (3E) and Christodoulos Nikolaou (4F). The pupils thoroughly enjoyed the unique and exciting experience of having to solve mathematical problems in a multicultural atmosphere wherein pupils from all over the world were involved in the same activity as themselves. Many congratulations to PASCAL English School teachers Maria Kyriacou and Andreas L. Andreou for encouraging and facilitating participation in mindbroadening experiences such as these. PASCAL pupils participate in the annual Mathematics Relay Competition held at the University of Cyprus On the 31 st of January pupils from PASCAL English School and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ Lefkosia participated once again in the Annual Mathematics Relay Competition, held at the University of Cyprus. The competition involved pupils aged from public and private schools all over Cyprus. Pupils solved mathematical problems in relay style using batons within minute time intervals. PASCAL pupils gained 26 th place out of the 63 schools which took part. Many congratulations to all the pupils who took part and their teachers for their guidance PASCAL pupils participate in the Information Technology Conference On Saturday the 3 rd March 2012, pupils from PASCAL English School Lefkosia and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ Lefkosia attended a conference on Information Technology held at the University of Cyprus. The four pupils Giorgos Chrysanthou, Christos Hadjigeorgiou and Nikolas Hadjipaschali of 4A and Christos Savva of Γ1 were given the opportunity to learn about the use of Information Technology nowadays as well as the different areas of work they may choose to follow if they decide to study Computer Science. The visit was arranged by the schools Computing Department as part of the schools efforts both to expand the acquisition of knowledge beyond the classroom and to create awareness amongst pupils soon to leave for university courses of various career options 16

17 PESGSPC Inspires Love, Peace & Friendship Worldwide High international achievement by PASCAL pupils in youth photo biennials 9 students belonging to the PESGSPC (PASCAL English School and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ Photographic Club) represented Cyprus in the 33 rd Biennial Youth Photography 2011 which was held in Abu Dhabi. The club submitted 18 photographs in the under 16 s category and, for the second time in the history of the Cyprus Photographic Society, they managed to rank 5 th out of the 15 countries participating and were awarded Honourable Mention for Cyprus. Congratulations to the pupils: Athena Christodoulou 5A, Loni Demetriou 5E, Andreas Iosif 4A, Andronikos Neofytou 5D, Rafael Panayi 4A, Georgia Panteli 4C, Evangelia Psara 5E and Maria Ttofalla 5IB. Following this success, 8 students were selected to participate in the 34 th Youth Biennial which took place in Palma, Spain. Many congratulations to the pupils: Mikaella Housard 3E, Raphael Panayi 4D, Stefanie Costa 4C, Philipos Efthimiou 2E, Andreas Iosif 4D, George Theodotou 3B, Marios Aristodemou B1 and Jovana Janjic 2C, and to their teachers Mr. Andreas Andreou and Ms Andry Hadjicharou. Many congratulations go to Kyriakos Papachristodoulou 6D for receiving one of the 12 awards given for best image Janez Puhar in the International Photograph Competition 2nd Cyber Ex-Tempore Kranj 2012 in Slovenia. 17

18 The PASCAL Chronicle EuroScola Σν PASCAL English School Lefkosia θαη ε Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ Ιεπθσζία ζπκκεηείρε ηελ πεξίνδν Καξηίνπ 2012 ζην πξόγξακκα Euroscola ην νπνίν δηνξγαλώλεηαη από ην Δπξσπατθό Θνηλνβνύιην ζην ηξαζβνύξγν. Σηο ζρνιέο ΠΑΘΑΙ Ιεπθσζίαο εθπξνζώπεζαλ ζην πξόγξακκα Euroscola νη καζήηξηεο Καζώλνπ Άληξηα (5D) θαη Υξπζνρνύ Έθε (Δ1). Οη καζήηξηεο επηιέγεθαλ λα ζπκκεηάζρνπλ ζην πξόγξακκα αθνύ πέηπραλ ζην δηαγσληζκό Euro-Quiz. Οη καζεηέο είραλ ηελ επθαηξία λα γλσξίζνπλ καζεηέο από άιιεο ρώξεο, λα εληνπίζνπλ θαη λα αλαδεηήζνπλ ηξόπνπο επίιπζεο πξνβιεκάησλ πνπ απαζρνινύλ ηνπο λένπο ηεο Δπξώπεο. Οη καζήηξηεο καο αλάπηπμαλ θαη πξόηεηλαλ ηξόπνπο αληηκεηώπηζεο όζνλ αθνξά ηελ ειεύζεξε ελεκέξσζε θαη αγσγή ηνπ επξσπαίνπ πνιίηε. Ζ καζήηξηα ηεο Διιεληθήο ρνιήο ΠΑΘΑΙ Ιεπθσζία Υξπζνρνύ Έθε εμειέγε ζπληνλίζηξηα όισλ καζεηώλ νη νπνίνη αλήθαλ ζηελ νκάδα πνπ είρε λα ζπδεηήζεη ην πην πάλσ ζέκα. Ζ απνζηνιή ζην ηξαζβνύξγν έθαλε ηελ ρώξα καο γλσζηή ζηνπο καζεηέο άιισλ ρσξώλ πξνβάιινληαο ην πνιηηηθό καο πξόβιεκα αιιά θαη ηνλ πνιηηηζκό καο. Ήηαλ κηα κνλαδηθή εκπεηξία ηόζν γηα ηνπο καζεηέο όζν θαη γηα ηνπο ζπλνδνύο θαζεγεηέο, ε νπνία έδσζε ηελ επθαηξία ζηνπο καζεηέο λα γλσξίζνπλ θαη λα γίλνπλ γλσζηνί, λα πξνβιεκαηηζηνύλ θαη παξάιιεια λα ςπραγσγεζνύλ. Βνπιή ηωλ Δθήβωλ Σν PASCAL English School Ιεπθσζίαο ζπκκεηείρε θαη θέηνο ζηηο 28 Καξηίνπ 2012 ζην ΗΕ πξόγξακκα «Βνπιή ησλ Δθήβσλ». ην πξόγξακκα ζπκκεηείραλ όινη νη καζεηέο ηεο Β Ιπθείνπ, νη καζεηέο είραλ ηελ επθαηξία κέζα από ηελ ζπγγξαθή έθζεζεο λα εθζέζνπλ ηηο απόςεηο ηνπ θαη λα πξνηείλνπλ ηξόπνπο αληηκεηώπηζεο γηα ζύγρξνλα θνηλσληθά πξνβιήκαηα. ην ελ ιόγσ πξόγξακκα ε καζήηξηα καο Καξία νύπαζε (5 Α ) επηιέγεθε αλαπιεξώηξηα έθεβνο βνπιεπηήο Ιεπθσζίαο. Γηαγωληζκόο Κππηαθνύ Γξακκαηόζεκνπ Ζ καζήηξηα ηεο Αγγιηθήο ρνιήο Παζθάι Ιεπθσζίαο, Άλλα Υαηδεληθνιάνπ, ζπκκεηείρε ζηνλ πξναηξεηηθό δηαγσληζκό «Έξγα Σέρλεο ζην Θππξηαθό Κνπζείν θαη ην Θππξηαθό Γξακκαηόζεκν» πνπ δηεμήγαγε ην Τπνπξγείν Παηδείαο θαη Πνιηηηζκνύ ζε ζπλεξγαζία κε ηε Φηινηειηθή Δηαηξεία γηα ηνπο καζεηέο ηεο Β γπκλάζηνπ. Κεηά ηελ ελδειερή θαη πξνζεγκέλε έξεπλά ηεο, θέξδηζε ηνλ πξώην έπαηλν ζην δηαγσληζκό απηό. Ωο εθ ηνύηνπ παξεπξέζεθε κε ηε ζπλνδεία ηεο θαζεγήηξηαο ηεο, ηαπξηάλαο Θαζάπε, ζηε Φηινηειηθή Δηαηξεία ζηηο 17 Καΐνπ όπνπ θαη πήξε ην βξαβείν ηεο. 18

19 Interschool 3 on 3 Basketball Tournament The GCE School organized on Friday the 18 th of November 2011 the 3 on 3 interschool basketball tournament at KERAVNOS Strovolou premises. Our school could not have missed the opportunity to participate in an event of this kind! Our department put together one team for the boys category consisting of Year 5 students Antonis Elia, Andronikos Neophytou and Iacovos Kasinos and from Year 6 Yiannis Mavromoustakos. Our school also participated in the 3 point competition with Year 3 student Stephanie Foukaris. Stephanie, who is a member of the Cyprus National Basketball Team, was in great shape and managed to win the first place in the 3 point shooting competition. Our boys team gave an excellent performance and did their best and managed to reach the semi finals of the tournament. It is only fair to say that our boys showed excellent team spirit and managed to win the third place of the tournament! Congratulations to Stephanie and our boys team for doing their best and for representing our school in the best way they could. Hopefully next time, and with some luck on our side, we can move on to the final and show our real potential! Interschool Tennis Tournament The Senior School and the American Academy of Nicosia jointly organized on Friday the 25 th of November 2011 the Inter-school Tennis tournament at the premises of Junior School in Nicosia. Our school participated for the second consecutive year in this event and was represented by three students from PASCAL English School and one from Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ. The students who represented PASCAL English School were: Andreas Stylianou, Yiannis Neofytou, Artemis Papageorgiou and George Anastasiou represented Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ. Unfortunately George Anastasiou didn t manage to qualify to the semi-finals despite the fact that he played some very good points. Andreas Stylianou, Yiannis Neofytou and Artemis Papageorgiou did qualify and competed in the semi-finals for the 3 rd and 4 th place. At the end, our students finished the tournament in the 4 th place. Congratulations to our students for doing their best and for representing our school in the best way they could. Hopefully next year with some luck on our side we will manage to win the tournament! MOEC Nicosia District Cross Country race The Ministry of Education organized on Friday the 9 th of December 2011 the annual district cross-country competition at the premises of M.Koutsofta & A.Panagide Lyceum at Paliometocho. Our school was represented by eight students from Pascal English School. The students who took part were those qualified from the inter-school cross-country competition, which was organized for the first time in our school, and were selected based on their time performance. The students who represented our school are the following: Kalliopi Kountouri, Ioanna Kekkou, Anastasia Fierou, Eleftheria Stylianou, Philipos Arsalides, Chrysovalantis Erotokritou, Antreas Poullakos and Mamas Philipou. All of our students gave an excellent performance and managed to finish between the first 60 amongst the total number of 120 athletes that competed in each one of the categories. We are very pleased to announce that Kalliopi Kountouri won the 2 nd place of the competition and improved her personal record in the category of Gymnasium girls. Congratulations to all of our students for doing their very best and for representing our school in the best way they could. 19

20 The PASCAL Chronicle MOEC Nicosia DISTRICT and PANCYPRIAN Track and Field Competition Our school took part in the competition with two athletes, Stephanos Skordis (3C) and Kalliopi Kountouri (3F) who were accompanied by their P.E teacher Marios Kalapodas. Stephanos competed in the discus throw and Kalliopi competed in the 600m race. Both our students, after giving an excellent performance, won the 1st place and the GOLD medal in the District Competition and qualified to compete at the Pancyprian Competition. In the Pancyprian Competition both our students remained focused and kept their performance to the maximum and managed to win the 1 st place and the GOLD medal!!! Congratulations to both our students who did their very best and showed zeal and enthusiasm representing our school in the MOEC Nicosia District and Pancyprian Track and Field Competition. MOEC Nicosia DISTRICT Swimming Competition The Ministry of Education organized on Thursday the 2nd of February 2012 the annual District swimming competition at the Olympic Swimming Pool in Nicosia. Our school, Pascal English School Lefkosia, was represented by Alexandros Michaelides (6A), Panayiotis Tryfonos (5E), Andreas Kyriakides (3C), Eleni Hatzigianni (3B) and Ioanna Kekkou (3F). All of our students were well prepared for the competition and focused on their individual events. Their devotion and dedication to the sport and their training paid off and they all managed to finish in the first three places and win medals for our school. Alexandros Michaelides won the GOLD MEDAL in the 50m boys freestyle. Eleni Hatzigianni won another GOLD MEDAL in the 200m girls butterfly. Tryfonos Panayiotis won the SILVER MEDAL in the100m freestyle. Ioanna Kekkou won the SILVER MEDAL in the 200m freestyle and last but not least, Andreas Kyriakides won the BRONZE MEDAL in the 50m freestyle. Like every past year our students managed to make us all proud with their results and their achievements and they deserve our congratulations for their great performance as well as for the many medals they managed to win. We would like to wish them all the best for the future and we will be waiting for even more medals next year. Pancyprian Biathlon Competition Alexandros Michaelides (6A) and Ioanna Kekkou (3F) of PASCAL English School Lefkosia, took part in the 1 st Pancyprian Biathlon Competition for the year 2012 which was jointly organised by the Cyprus Modern Pentathlon Biathlon Federation and the Grammar School. The competition took place on 9th May 2012 at The Grammar School in Nicosia and formed part of the World School Biathlon Competition. Both students competed in two categories, youth A and youth B and after a very good performance Ioanna won the bronze medal and Alexandros attained the 4 th place. Many congratulations to the students for their effort and excellent performance in the competition and wishing them similar successes in future competitions. 20

21 Inter-school Track and Field Competition Our students Christos Pantelidies, Eleftheria Stylianou, Philippos Arsalides, Kalliopi Kountouri, Chysovalantis Erotokritou, Christina Ioannou, Paris Constantinou, Andreas Kyriakides, Christos Fysas, Marina Costi ESP, Marios Simou, Savvas Tsiapinis and Jiovannis Orfanou, took part in the Interschool Track and Field Competition The competition was organized by The Grammar School and took place on the 23rd February 2012 at Grammar School s sports grounds. Our students were accompanied by the P.E teacher Mr. Antonis Antonopoulos. All of our students gave a good performance and tried their very best and some of our students managed to win some medals. Kalliopi Kountouri finished the race of the 600m race in the 1st place and won the Gold medal, Christos Pantelides finished 2nd in the long jump and won the silver medal and Eleftheria Stylianou finished 3rd the 1000m race and won the bronze medal. Many congratulations to all of our students for their effort and excellent performance in the competition and for proudly representing our school. We wish them to have the same and better performance in next year s competition. MOEC Pancyprian Ski Competition The Ministry of Education organized on Wednesday the 21 st of March 2012 the Pancyprian School Ski Competition at Troodos Mountain in Nicosia. Our school was represented by Apostolos Soteriou (6A) in the giant slalom in the category: lyceum boys. Apostolos was accompanied by Mr. Marios Kalapodas, Head of P.E Department. Apostolos gave an excellent performance in both his runs, showing his admirable skills and excellent technique and managed to improve his personal best time. Unfortunately Apostolos didn t manage to win a medal, as he had to compete against some of the best skiers in Cyprus who represent our country in International Competitions. This was the first time ever our school participated in the MOEC Ski Competition and we hope that it will be the first of many to follow in the near future. Congratulations to Apostolos for doing his very best and for proudly representing our school in the best possible way. We wish Apostolos all the best for the future and we hope to see our students on the slopes again next year. MOEC PANCYPRIAN Badminton Competition The competition was organized by the Ministry of Education. Our school participated in the event with one student, George Antoniou (5D), in the u17 category. Our student was accompanied by the Head of P.E Department Mr. Marios Kalapodas. George performed at a very high standard and managed to reach the final in his category. At the final game of the tournament, and after playing fantastic badminton, George won some very good points but lost to a better and luckier opponent. George finished the tournament in the second place and won the silver medal. This was another proud representation of our school in a sporting competition organized by the Ministry of Education. 21

22 The PASCAL Chronicle The PSHE programme of PASCAL English School and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ is an integral part of the school curriculum which aims to promote awareness amongst pupils on a variety of personal, social, health and educational issues youngsters face. Some of the topics covered this year were animal cruelty, sport and hooliganism, anorexia, drugs and bullying. Which was your favourite PSHE topic this year? PHSE is a great way to express your own opinions about a certain topic, which allows for a great discussion to take place. One of my personal favourite topics was volunteerism. I realised that many people have different opinions on whether or not we should do it which led to an interesting discussion with our teacher. However, I do feel the volunteering is a good idea especially because we, as IB students, do a lot of it for CAS and we gain unbelievable experiences from it. It is something everyone should try at least once. Robyn Bridle 5IB Workshop on dangers of drugs On Tuesday 20 th March representatives from the Nicosia Police Department (YKAN) gave a workshop to Τear 3 pupils of PASCAL English School and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ Lefkosia. The topic of the workshop was drugs, in which the representatives addressed issues regarding the dangers of drug use and ways in which pupils can ensure they are protected. Pupils also had the chance to watch videos and exchange ideas through group work. The workshop proved useful and effective in creating awareness amongst youngsters on an issue which is of primary concern nowadays. BULLYING What did I do wrong? Was it my hair? Was it my smile? Was it my weight? Or was it the fact that I am smaller than you? You called me names! You pulled my clothes! You stole my diary! Are you happy now? Lecture on Internet Safety On the 19 th January Mr. Panayiotis Iakovou, Cytanet Representative, gave an informative lecture to Year 1 pupils of PASCAL English School and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ Lefkosia. The topic of the lecture was Internet Safety, in which Mr Iakovou addressed Internet dangers and ways through which pupils can ensure they are protected. I have to end this! I can t stand it anymore! Why are you yelling at me? I didn t do anything wrong! I don t have the power But I will do it! Why must I always be the victim? Now you are being bullied! Will I do something about it? I will because I have a conscience Because I was bullied too! And I did nothing wrong. Georgia Aspri 2B 22

23 PASCAL pupils in the European Youth Parliament The European Youth Parliament was designed to encourage and engage young people to become actively involved in their future via political debates. It aims to create independent thinking and allows our students to gain social and professional skills through an active programme of European political debating and team building. As every year, PASCAL English School Lefkosia pupils took part, this time promoting political awareness in topics such as Human Trafficking, problems of unemployment and threats of cyber-terrorism etc. They participated in various committee games that developed their team building skills and at the same time collaborated with each other and students from other schools in writing various resolutions. These resolutions were then debated on by the students in the General Assembly at the end of the EYP session. Once again PASCAL pupils displayed their desire for expanding their knowledge and pushing the learning experience beyond their daily school activities. Ms Evridiki Kourtoumbelidou History Teacher MEDI.M.U.N PASCAL English School Lefkosia once again attended the annual Mediterranean Model United Nations in which students from all around the world come together to discuss and deliberate on political topics. Each student undertakes the role of a UN diplomat, writing and debating resolutions which offer solutions to world problems. Students undertake extensive research, lobbying and parliamentary procedures which lead to an active debate. This year s MEDI.M.U.N conference placed specific importance on topics concerning global nuclear disarmament, illicit trade in small arms, decriminalization of drugs worldwide, migration without borders and control of nuclear energy and safety procedures. Also, as every year MEDI.M.U.N hosted a special event where few students debate and play the role of specific political individuals related to their topic. This year s topic was the Mexican Drug Wars where they portrayed the various drug cartels that control most of Mexico. Many congratulations to the pupils who took part and gave a great performance: Kassiani Orphanou, Anna Maria Neophytou, Bianca Geaglanou, Maria Soupashi, Athina Christodoulou, Kyriakos Ellinas, Alexandros Loizou, Paula Christou and Andria Masonou. Maria Soupashi 5A 23

24 The PASCAL Chronicle The Science Fair is now an established and successful tradition within PASCAL English School and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑ- ΘΑΙ in all three cities: Lefkosia, Larnaka and Lemesos. Undoubtedly, it is an event celebrating both learning and creativity. It is an academic exhibition of the pupils enthusiasm to learn scientific phenomena and topics and also a demonstration of how they engage actively in the subject to create a project and present their work in an inspiring environment filled with the positive efforts of all pupils. The hard work of the participants is concentrated around the three main areas of Science: Physics, Chemistry and Biology and is judged by specialists. It is inspiring to observe the pupils answering questions about their project and surprising the adults with their expertise. This year, Year 1 and 2 pupils presented a model that either displayed a scientific phenomenon such as the change of state of water with temperature, or constructed a device that would use a scientific principle to function, such as a pneumatic car or a greenhouse containing plants. Year 3 pupils were given the flexibility of researching a chosen scientific subject and instead of building a model, they presented their topic orally in front of the judges. This gave our pupils the opportunity to gain the confidence and the experience of discussing and supporting their newfound knowledge with judges who are professionals or academics within the scientific community. As future scientists, the passing on of their own knowledge and expertise orally to others would be a common activity that they would be asked to engage in often. Some popular topics included cloning, the effects of smoking on the body, gravity, and space. I would like to congratulate all students that participated in the Science Fair from all PASCAL Schools. However, special congratulations go to our students of PASCAL English School Lefkosia who have once more made us all proud by attaining first prizes. The Lefkosia winners are: Alexis Solomou 2C 1 st PRIZE Ioanna Georgiadou, 3E 1 st PRIZE What we all need to remember is that the Science Fair is all about the pupils how well they will prepare, how well they will perform on a day of overflowing activities and emotions, and how much they will benefit from this day when it is finally over. We, therefore, need to fully support them and as much as possible promote their efforts. Mr. Loukas Ierides Biology Teacher 24

25 Francophonie is an international organisation of politics and governments which share French as the mother or customary language. Francophonie is celebrated in the month of March and during this month a variety of events are organised throughout Europe. On the 9th of March students of Pascal English School Lefkosia and Διιεληθή ρνιή Παζθάι held a Francophonie evening in order to celebrate the French language and culture and to raise money for the Volunteer Doctors Cyprus organization. The evening included performances by students in French such as French songs, a scene from the play le malade imaginaire of Molière, the children s story le petit chaperon rouge (Little Red Riding Hood), poems and an extract from the constitution of France. Our guests had the opportunity to taste a variety of French wine, cheese, delicious crepes and other French delicacies. There were also different stations with books, magazines and brochures promoting the French language, culture and cuisine provided by the French Institute and the French Bookshop la boîte à lire. Students projects on recipes and francophone countries were on display. The evening was a great success and made an impression on all the guests Andrea Papacharalambous 2C 25

26 The PASCAL Chronicle PASCAL schools promote the importance of learning a second language The Languages Department of PASCAL English School Lefkosia and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ Lefkosia organized two lectures aimed at promoting the importance of learning French as a second language in an effort to raise awareness of the importance of learning foreign languages. The first lecture took place on the 31 st October 2011 when Mr. Prodromos Prodromou was invited to speak to Year 3 students of PASCAL English School Lefkosia about the role of foreign languages in their lives. Mr. Prodromou, a former Member of Parliament and former president of the Alumni Association for French universities, explained that is it essential for young Cypriot students to learn at least 2 and a half foreign languages, in order to have an advantage over their European counterparts in France and Germany. Mr. Prodromou s speech was both educational and interesting and had a lasting effect on the students. On November 1, 2011 Ms Androulla Vassiliou delivered a speech on the importance of foreign languages to Year 3 students of PASCAL English School and Διιεληθή ρνιή ΠΑΘΑΙ Lefkosia. Ms Androulla Vassiliou who is currently the European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism, Youth and Sport is the foremost authority on the subject of language learning in Cyprus. Ms Vassiliou spoke about the role of language learning in the lives of young students today and the importance of knowing at least two languages apart from your mother tongue. She spoke about future prospects for those students who know foreign languages in relation to globalization and the effect it has had on people today. Ms Vassiliou s speech left the students feeling enthusiastic about language learning. 26

27 A slice of entertainment March, what a beautiful month! Spring begins. Flowers blooming, trees dancing gently in the wind, a time of change and new ideas. This March was special because our school, PAS- CAL English School, Lefkosia, was preparing to put on the annual school play an adaptation of Shakespeare s A Midsummer Night s Dream. This adaptation of the original work included the use of modern English, the addition of a narrator, fairy singers and a dancer. The script also incorporated some lines from the original text. The adaptation aimed to give us access to one of the world s greatest playwrights and the opportunity to perform a world class play. It wasn t just about the acting or learning our lines that made this year interesting. We had the opportunity to experience many things apart from the process of putting on a show. We helped in the creation of the scenery, aided in the costumes and were very active in the advertising of the whole event. However, I can t help but say that the most memorable moments for us were the fun times behind the scenes and the even more fun times during rehearsals. There are simply no words to genuinely explain how it felt being part of the amazing cast! The play itself was quite complex as there were different storylines taking place at the same time. The play consisted of twisted love stories, fantasy, magic, fairies, humour, wicked characters, song and dance all mixed together to create an intriguing and fun atmosphere. The three different storylines of the play were Athens and its Athenians, the magical forest with the fairies and their Queen and King, and lastly the villagers attempting to put on a play for the wedding in Athens. Our make-up varied from magical and sparkly for the magical creatures, to simple and natural for the Athenians and villagers. Furthermore, the scenery and props were all created with the help of Ms Skoulia after school by the cast and others that kindly volunteered. Not only were we given the opportunity to create such spectacular results, but participating in the process was fun and enjoyable. I could sense that everyone was looking forward to attending these creative sessions - Well, almost everyone Oh, and let s not forget about the amazing time spent while trying to learn our lines and the great support offered to us by the directors Ms Rebecca and Ms Marina. At rehearsals the whole cast used to make jokes and entertain everyone. There were times when someone would start laughing and a whole chain of laughter was created and I must admit it was really hard to calm everyone down. Overall, the play was a wonderful experience and I strongly suggest that you take part or at least come to the show next year! Bianca Geangalau 5IB 27

28 28 The PASCAL Chronicle

29 Cyprus Culture and Heritage The club s aim is to teach the new generation about the Cypriot Culture and Heritage. During the first session, we talked about the general customs of Cyprus. For example, we discussed about the traditional costumes, food and dances of Cyprus. We learnt new words from the Cypriot dialect and we tried to prepare a tsiatisto. On our second session, we visited the Handicraft Centre and we saw how traditional costumes were made, as well as pottery and handmade embroidery. Finally, the most memorable session was the last one when Mr Xenis Panteli visited our school and talked to us about certain traditions having to do with marriage, music and clothing. We had a great time together as we sang and danced in a traditional way! Revekka Georgiadou 6C, Elsa Khaddaj 6IB, Kallia Markaki 6C, Sophia Karanicholas 6A, Daniela Grosu 6A Duke of Edinburgh Award The DOE scheme is an international award for young people. To receive the award one needs to take part in a hike, get involved in voluntary work and also develop physical and mental skills. The most exciting part of the award is the expedition. Special preparation takes place during club days where participants acquire the skills needed to go for the hike. These include orientation with a compass, using a map, setting up a camping tent, basic first aid and many others. Before attempting the final expedition a preparatory hike took place. The expedition is very exciting with many hours of walking in nature, spending the night out together in a camping area and having great fun. Everyone taking part in the award has had a great time and has developed many useful skills for the future. Multicultural Club Our club gives students the opportunity to experience different cultures and traditions whilst being in their own country. One of the most interesting club sessions was our visit to the Goethe-Institut, the official German cultural institute, where students received a tour around the grounds of the cultural centre and learned about the German culture and studying in Germany. Another exciting club session was when students walked around the Old Town of Nicosia and visited various churches of different religions. The highlight of the visit was meeting Father John of Saint Paul s Anglican Church who warmly greeted the students and talked about the Anglican Church and the history of the cathedral. During other club sessions that took place in school, our students used their skills and experiences to create collages about culture and were given the opportunity to watch European and famous Bollywood films and later discussed them in relation to their own culture and globalization. Our club focused on the notion of multiculturalism and the importance of accepting and being sensitive towards people of different backgrounds. 29

30 The PASCAL Chronicle Drama Club Our Drama Club engaged pupils in the fascinating world of theatre and performing arts in an attempt to arouse interest and appreciation for the subject. The purpose of the club is to educate students in the various aspects of production, both musical and dramatic. Students are exposed to acting, staging, setting, costuming and make-up and they are shown that Drama is not only theatre and television-it is a whole world of expression, art and perceptions. The club s activities involved: improvisation games, making a model Globe theatre, a visit to SIGMA TV studios, film viewings, participation in drama workshops at AIGAIA School of Art and Design. Following the seven club sessions held over the duration of the year, pupils felt that they had developed their skills and acquired a new interest! Environmental Club The Environmental Club s main goal is to inform and educate its members on current environmental issues, such as the greenhouse effect, the hole in the ozone layer, deforestation and others. It also aims to educate its members on how to prevent or minimize damage to the environment, by promoting the ideas of recycling. Members of Green Dot visited our school and explained to our pupils the basis and workings of recycling in Cyprus. Our pupils also participated in a volunteer activity organized by Green Dot, where they were responsible for informing 20 houses in their neighborhood on recycling. This activity was completed with great success showing how eager our students were to participate. Our aim, of promoting recycling, was also enhanced by a visit to the Municipality of Lefkosia where an informative lecture was given to our pupils. The Environmental Club also visited the recycling centre in Tseri, where pupils had a helpful tour of the premises and had the chance to witness recycling in action. Through the Environmental Club pupils also had the chance to visit parks situated in the capital of Lefkosia, in order to come in contact with natural habitats. 30

31 Music Club On Tuesday 29 th May, teachers and pupils from PASCAL ENGLISH SCHOOL and ΔΙΙΖΛΗΘΖ ΥΟΙΖ ΠΑΘΑΙ, Lefkosia visited RIK to talk on the Third Programme hosted by Mr. Mikis Kasapis. The teachers and pupils were invited to talk about a project they had been working on during the course of the academic year as part of the work covered in the schools Music Club. The schools club sessions form an integral part of the school s extra-curricular activities programme, wherein pupils are required to select an Active or Creative club each year and are exposed to a variety of activities, skills and knowledge which forms a valuable part of their education. The project undertaken by the Music Club was a CD containing music performed and produced solely by the pupils with teacher supervision and guidance. The pupils selected popular songs which they then reproduced, practised and ultimately recorded in a music studio. During the radio programme, pupils talked about the benefits of the experience and also played some of the tracks from the CD. World Cuisine and Food Science Club Healthy Eating and prevention of Diabetes Workshop A workshop on Healthy Eating and the prevention of Diabetes was conducted at PASCAL English School Lefkosia on the 20 th of March The workshop was organized by the school s World Cuisine and Food Science Club, Science Club and Environmental Club and was incorporated into the school s programme of extracurricular activities. Ms Yioula Demetriou of the Cyprus Diabetes Association conducted the workshop to approximately 60 pupils from all year groups aged The first part of the workshop focused on the Fibonacci sequence wherein Ms Demetriou explained that mathematics is the language of nature and illustrated the connection of this sequence with nature by showing different plants, flowers, fruits and shells that had the pentagon shape. The second part of the workshop concerned diabetes wherein the pupils were given some facts and statistics about the presence of diabetes in Cyprus and were informed of what they need to eat in order to avoid getting diabetes when they are older. Both pupils and staff found the workshop very interesting and participated actively in both parts. 31

32 The PASCAL Chronicle Photographic Club The Photographic Club is one of the most active and successful clubs not just at PASCAL but nationally and internationally. Every year, members of our club participate in a number of prestigious competitions in which they are awarded and receive recognition from the photographic world. For example, this year nine students of the PESGSPC (Pascal English School and Greek School Photographic Club) represented Cyprus in the 33 rd Biennial Youth Photography, in 2011 in Abu Dhabi with 18 photographs in the under - 16 years of age category. It is worth noting that for the second time in the history of the Cyprus Photographic Society, they managed to rank 5 th out of 15 participating countries and were awarded Honourable Mention. Another achievement was the 3 rd place and the Silver Medal of the Federation International of Art Photography which was awarded in the previous Biennial in Slovenia. We would like to mention that during the last 5 years, 104 images out of 140 that represented Cyprus belonged to PESGSPC students. Our country s participants were awarded 1 Silver Medal and 4 Honourable Mentions. Kyriakos Papachristodoulou 6D Andrea Leandrou 5A Science Club On the first club session, pupils were shown videos on recent advances in Meteorology. An extensive and interesting discussion followed. On the second club session we visited Dhekelia Power Station, where pupils had the opportunity to see how electricity is produced from fossil fuels and also have an overview of all the different stages involved in the generation of electricity. For the third club session, we discussed the interaction between Health, Environment and Nutrition and pupils were shown related videos. Problems arising from technology nowadays were the centre of interest. Thales and Friends-Maths Club Thales and Friends is a Maths Club. The pupils participating in this club had the chance to visit the facilities of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics of the University of Cyprus in Panepistimioupoli and attend a lecture on Infinitesimal Calculus. Pupils also visited the Leventis Museum where they saw the Antikythera Mechanism. It is one of the most important archaeological findings in the history of science and technology, capable of highly accurate astronomical and calendar calculations. When pupils are at school, they solve mathematical problems (e.g. the Riddle of Einstein, Sudoku games), create mathematical posters and engage themselves in other related activities. 32

33 HOUSES DIARY OF EVENTS September 2011 House Captain Elections September 2011 Artemis House raised money for The Cancer Patients and Friends Society October 2011 Apollo House raised money for the Radiomarathon. Demetra House organised the annual Go-Karting Competition All Houses, together with the Parents and Guardians Association organised a Houses Charity Fun Day for the Nicosia Children s Shelter November 2011 All Houses helped raise money for UNICEF Apollo House organised the Style Vibe Competiton December 2011 All Houses helped in the organisation of Track & Field Events Day All Houses participated in the House Christmas Tree Competition February 2012 All Houses raised money for the Children with Heart Disease Charity Fund Message from the House Coordinator Ms Nectaria Hadjisergis It is the end of yet another year and once again pupils have proven that today s youth does possess admirable qualities such as compassion and the willingness to sacrifice when others need them. A range of activities took place this year including a new event, Houses Fun Day, which proved to be a great success. Once again students showed how enthusiastic and creative they can be when given the opportunity and brought to light the importance of collaborative effort. This year the Houses added new charities to the list, such as the Nicosia Children s Shelter and Mobicell, and students embraced new challenges warmly and showed their compassionate nature. I would like to take this opportunity to thank all those who contributed to the House events and supported our efforts, both pupils and staff. I would also like to thank the pupils who worked passionately throughout the year striving to collect House Points and congratulate all those who, through participation in the House events have gained maturity, responsibility and confidence and have developed individual personalities. Well-done to all of you and let s look forward to another successful year full of energy, enthusiasm and new events! Auditions took place for Poseidon s Hidden Talents Evening X The Annual House Fancy Dress Competition March 2012 Poseidon House raised money for the Kidney Patients and Friends Association Demetra House raised money for the Make a Wish Foundation and motorcyclists collected it as part of their path of love charity cycle ride. 27 th April 2012 Poseidon s Hidden Talents Evening X 26th June 2011 Winning House Trip to the Waterpark The House Team, consisting of The House Coordinator, House Masters and Mistresses. 33





38 The PASCAL Chronicle The Hidden Talents Grand Final Evening took place on the 27 th of April 2012 in the Main Auditorium of PASCAL English School Larnaka. The evening also celebrated the ten-year anniversary of Poseidon s Hidden Talents evening and was a memorable one for both the participants and the audience. Participants comprised pupils from all three PASCAL English Schools Lefkosia, Lemesos and Larnaka who all gave excellent performances and impressed professional judges with their talents in song and dance. Many thanks to all the people who supported the event, the pupils who put in all the hard work needed and the teachers from all three schools who assisted in the organisation of the event. 38




42 The PASCAL Chronicle A Journey through Time June 12 th. Our trip to England began at 5am. We were all so excited, we just couldn t believe that that day had come! We were so thrilled to take a trip together with our fellow classmates as a whole group. I remember how everyone was on that night at the airport! The chills on the plane when we took off! Oh, sweet memories We had many great experiences during our ten days in England and Scotland. Every place we visited left us with a special memory that we will never forget. We visited places such as Madame Tussauds, Manchester Stadium, Cambridge University, the Flamingo Land Theme Park & Zoo and the beautiful city of Edinburgh. A memorable experience for all of us was the day we went to the amusement park called Flamingo Land Theme Park & Zoo in North Yorkshire - a place full of games! There were 40 (and more) rides that anyone could go on. There was also a zoo there too! We spent our entire day there playing and of course having fun! June 19 th. Our journey ended but we came back with stories and pictures that will remind us of the great time we had. We liked the fact that we had the opportunity to visit a country that is so different from Cyprus in terms of culture, weather and especially the beautiful green landscape of the United Kingdom! I hope that this year s trip will be as exciting and fun as ours and that the students of Year 3 will have similar experiences and the chance to learn so much! By Maria Mesimeri 4D 42

43 PASCAL SUMMER CAMP 2011 This year for the seventh year in a row, the summer camp was successfully organised by PASCAL English School, Lefkosia. Participation in the summer camp 2011 exceeded all expectations: 300 students from Larnaka, Lemesos and Lefkosia met at the camp. They bonded, played and generally had a whale of a time, whilst having the opportunity to form friendships that have lasted. Concurrently, they learned to co operate, work as a team through various games, share experiences, bond with their teachers and feel closer to their school as a whole. This trip takes place every year in July at the Rodon Mount Hotel in the picturesque village of Agros. The first and second years from each Pascal school are involved, form both the English and Greek schools. Involved in the summer camp were 19 teachers from all schools. In charge was Mr. Petros Kyprianou, Senior Master PES Lefkosia, who was responsible for the organisation. Here are examples of some of the activities included in the busy schedule: Sport (swimming, football, volleyball, basketball, etc.) Construction and hand made objects Painting and drawing Dancing Singing Shows Aerobics Table and board games Talent show Treasure hunting Drama Party In July 2012, our Summer Camp will offer a rich social/entertainment programme each day. The programme has been devised by our experienced educators and includes an impressive assortment of topics and events that will satisfy the wishes of the most demanding pupils. See you there!!! Mr. Petros Kyprianou, Senior Master 43

44 The PASCAL Chronicle SAVE THE WILD LIFE!!!! How do we affect wildlife? Whilst wildlife only offers us good things, we affect it negatively, forcing it to become reduced or die. Places which used to be full of wildlife now are dead, or animals that used to exist in great numbers, are now endangered and mostly this is our fault, because: We cut down trees for industrial reasons or to build houses and roads. By mistake or not we burn forests. We pollute the atmosphere, seas and forests. We drop litter in the environment. We are responsible for global warming and so many other phenomena. We make chemical wars, which not only destroy wildlife but affect many generations after the war. Can I save the world by myself? You are probably thinking that you can t save the world by yourself. We have to stop thinking like this. The truth is that you are not alone. If you try to make our world a better place, and your best friend tries, and your sisters or brothers try and a family in America tries and a group of people in Africa, Asia and Europe do the same then it won t be just you! There are people who try to save the world everyday. Activists and pacifists are working hard to protect what is left of the once rich wildlife we had. Did you know that there are people who kill elephants just to take their ivory? Did you know that Greenpeace is carrying out a war everyday with people who are killing endangered whales for their oil? Or did you know that in Brazil they cut down trees in large numbers and as a result they destroy the Earth s last lung? What can we do? If you can t go to India to save the turtles, to the Pacific Ocean to fight for dolphins and whales rights or to Brazil to stop the tree felling in the Amazon, you can still help the world become a better place. Recycle: so litter will be reduced. Watch where you light a fire and call the fire department instantly if you notice smoke or fire anywhere. Don t go hunting if it s not the hunting season and NEVER hunt endangered species. If you notice someone doing it call the police. Use only eco friendly products: not only will YOU help the environment but INDUSTRIES will be forced to produce such products. Don t throw litter outside your car window, on the beach, in forests or the sea. Use your bicycle or go on foot when you don t have to cover long distances: it will not only reduce the exhaust fumes from the cars but it will also improve your fitness and health. Find organizations which help wildlife and become a member or make a donation. the GREEN future is in your hands too! Maria Papadopoulou 5IB 44

45 CAS CAS stands for Creativity Action Service. It is a basic part of the IB Diploma Programme and is not related directly to the academic curriculum. As part of the IB Diploma you must complete 150 hours of CAS, namely 50 hours for each part. The CAS programme is tightly monitored by our supervisors and CAS co-ordinator who help us choose our activities. Action could refer to sports or taking action for an important issue. Service may refer to charity work, such as helping foundations or raising money for a good cause. It s good to have a variety of activities because as you know, universities and employers are interested in people with a range of interests and abilities. CAS is not teaching and studying It s fun! Maria Ttofalla 5IB Red Carpet Event! Six 5 IB pupils went to help the Nicosia Dog Shelter at a Red Carpet event for the dogs. Each pupil was assigned to look after one dog each and walk it up and down the red carpet. It was an enjoyable event that helped to raise money for the needs of the dogs at the shelter. BISCUITS FOR THE PUPPIES! As well as the red carpet event 5IB and 6IB baked biscuits and sold them to raise money for the Nicosia Dog Shelter. Every one in the school enjoyed buying the biscuits and helping us to raise the money. By the third day all the biscuits had been sold and we had to make more. We were able raise over 400 Euros for the dog shelter. 45

46 The PASCAL Chronicle CAS pupils help children with Special Needs Students of PASCAL English School, Lefkosia assisted in the International Bazaar organised by the Stelios Ioannou Foundation on Sunday 9 th October 2011 as part of their community service activities. The pupils spent the whole day at the Stelios Ioannou Foundation where they assisted in the organisation of stalls selling things and serving food and drink to the hundreds of people who came to offer their contribution to the Foundation. They interacted with children who attend the Foundation and their experience has helped them to spread the message that all children are equal and everyone can do their bit to help those who may be different. CAS pupils care about those less fortunate On Wednesday 15 th February 2012, PASCAL English School Lefkosia pupils proudly presented charity donations in a school assembly after having initiated various fund raising activities of their own accord. As part of their extra-curricular activities, pupils in Year 6 and pupils who are part of the IB (International Baccalaureate) Diploma programme took the initiative and planned activities in order to raise money for their chosen charities. These activities comprised a charity fun race during the school s Sports Day and selling homemade cookies and candy canes to their fellow pupils before the Christmas holidays. The pupils wanted to donate the collected money to charities that are not so well known in order to create awareness of the problems people face in our society which often go by unnoticed. Representatives of the selected charities were invited to receive the donations in person during the school assembly. Mr. Loizos Pericleous of the Pancyprian Thalassemia Association received a cheque amounting to 360 and Mr. Polivios Mylonas, Director of the Pancyprian Association of the Protection of Spastic and Handicapped Children received a cheque amounting to 552. Many congratulations to the pupils who carried out the fundraising and to their fellow pupils and teachers for supporting them in their effort to help those in need. 46

47 English Words My body is shaking Got my hands above my head I don t know if I was mistaken Got nowhere to turn for help Words are spread throughout my mind What defines the truth inside the lies? Who are you going to believe? Who s going to give you answers to your whys? You are standing there trembling Disgusted by the lies Hold your head through the sorrow And try for a better tomorrow Words are just to be said Can excuse anyone who pretends Who are you going to believe? When you are told to leave How can you keep up with your life? While trying to define the truth Inside their lies THUNDERSTORM A quick flash in the sky, A scary memory in our minds, The danger above, A loud, noisy clap. Alone Falling from the skies Because they heard your cries Lifting up and rise The heaviness of the world Looking into your eyes Recognize with despise All the sadness that there is You are alone All your friends are gone To every different road That everyone has picked Darkness everything has conquered Even the goodness in your soul A million different fireworks Cannot make you smile at all And you are still alone The happiness is gone And you try to survive Because you can t even hide Walking every street Living by your needs Holding onto your life Because you must at least try All the happy thoughts Are now dropping Because you just realised You ve always been alone Mary Christoforou 4C Georgia Aspri 2B Stephanos Kouroushis 2B LOVE A fire in your heart, A romantic song, A butterfly in your stomach for so long. THE SUN A big orange ball Hanging in the sky, Always with a smile, Feeling so close But so high. Georgia Aspri 2B Georgia Aspri 2B 47

48 The PASCAL Chronicle English Home Alone The clock struck midnight. It was dark and cold outside. She could almost hear the wind blowing. She was alone in the house. Suddenly she heard a strange noise. To her horror, she slowly went upstairs when, suddenly, she heard screams from her parents bedroom. The door was closed and she couldn t see inside. She was very frightened, but finally decided to get into the room. As soon as she got in, she noticed that her parents had forgotten the TV on! A guide to exam pressure! Exams are a part of a student's life. Student life is full of exams, tests, assignments and all these surely stress the student, making it very difficult to cope with. Although time is limited and the material that needs to be studied is a lot, there are some ways and some small tricks that may help us in dealing with stress and anxiety during an exam or a test period. Marialena Georgiou 1C To begin with, efficient studying and good revision throughout the year play a very important role for exam success. Throughout the year, you should revise regularly the material that you have covered so far, and make sure you understand everything by asking questions if you don't understand something. Your teacher is there to help you and clariify anything that is not clear to you. You should always do your homework, to make sure you have understood fully what you have been taught on the day. Go through the corrections and make sure you write down the correct answer. If you have an upcoming test or exam you'd better start revising early enough, to be able to go through the material as many times as you need. Revision time is really important for all of us. I know that we do not have a lot of free time so we should be organised. As I mentioned above, you should start early enough. Starting early enough reduces stress and gives you the opportunity to give more importance to certain areas that are a little tricky. With the right time allocation for revision you have the ability to solve any questions you may have and you don't need to rush through the material, which is not efficient and causes stress. You'd better set up a timetable to help you organise. It would be a good idea, before you make the timetable, to go through the material and see which chapters need more time and which need less time. I am emphasizing once more that early planning is the key for an efficient revision. Furthermore, during an exam or a test period, it would be a good idea if you sleep early and eat energy rich food such as carbohydrates that will provide the energy you need to cope with the revision. Try to avoid the excessive consumption of junk food, and include more vitamins in your diet. Also, take into consideration that coffee is not the best solution for staying awake, as it increases stress and makes you more anxious. It is really important that you study every time in the same place, somewhere quiet, where you can reach your notes and books easily. Remember that a messy and untidy desk can make studying difficult or even impossible. Also, a little tip I'd like to pass on is to go to your exams with confidence, with a clear mind, and be positive. Maria Soupashi, 5A 48

49 English Is animal testing a necessity? Every year, millions of animals undergo painful suffering or death because of scientific research into the effects of drugs, food additives, cosmetics and other chemical products. While most people think animal testing is necessary, others are upset by what they consider as needless suffering. Many medical treatments and procedures have been developed from experiments on animals. Since animals share many features with humans, scientists use animals to test the safety and effectiveness of newly developed drugs before testing on small groups of patients. Medical teams practise new operating techniques such as transplants on animals. Without animal testing, many procedures or new drugs would be extremely unsafe. In addition, animal testing is cheap. There is a large supply of animals for medical research. Animals are easily bred, and maintained safely in controlled labs. The costs of testing on humans would be extremely high. Many people argue that animal testing is cruel. In some cases, this is true. However, it would be much more cruel to test new drugs on people or children, or to let people die because there was not enough information about a drug. Furthermore, legislation in most countries sets standards for animal treatment, and laboratories have guidelines to prevent cruelty. However, many people are concerned that animals are suffering unnecessarily and harshly. They do not believe that every new drug needs to be tested on animals, especially with the huge database of knowledge and modern computer models. Furthermore, they are worried that many animal tests are ineffective, pointing out that many drugs have had to be withdrawn from the market despite extensive testing. They particularly feel that animal testing should not be used for non-essential products such as cosmetics, shampoos, soaps and cleaning products. Furthermore, some campaigners would like to see certain tests replaced and more humane methods used. We need to make sure that the millions of animals, which are used for testing new products, are treated with the minimum of suffering. Although some animal testing may be unavoidable at present, treating these living creatures as mercifully as possible will demonstrate our humanity. Ioanna Pavlou 5E A dramatic travel recount Going down fast It is about 22:30 Greenwich Mean Time. I am on my way to England to visit my grandma who lives there. I am travelling alone for the first time in my life. My parents and brother are still at home. At first I was happy to be going all by myself, just like an adult, but now I am bored and I am wondering if I should have done this. The plane is swinging from side to side, the seat-belt sign is switched on. It is really not the appropriate time to be flying as it is a stormy night and I can see the tumultuous sea below. The turbulence and the thunder create the image of a rampaging river. BANG! A suit-case has just fallen out of the compartment and nearly hit a man sitting next to the aisle. I am worried now, the plane seems to be out of control because of the strong wind. I have been on a plane countless times, yet I have never felt this way, except maybe the first time I went on a plane. Fear! Fear of what is to come. Would the plane crash? It couldn t Not now, my first time travelling on my own. The plane is making a weird noise and the turbulence is getting worse. It s starting to descend really fast. This is not how it is supposed to land. The plane is crashing! So, this is how I am going to die. This is the end of my life and my dreams. The only good thing is that my family is safe on the ground. Thinking of them is painful. I am never going to see them again. These are my last thoughts as we hit the ground and I feel an agonising pain. Then, I open my eyes and look at my mother smiling at me. It was all an awful nightmare. Francesca Yennadiou 3A 49

50 The PASCAL Chronicle English Interviewing Sheila Birling from An Inspector Calls by J.B. Priestley Anna: Hello, Sheila, I hope things are better now. Sheila: Hello, Anna, I try to do my best so that things get better. Anna: There are some questions I would like to ask you. It s all about the changes which happened in your life after the Inspector called. How do you actually feel about Eva s death? Sheila: I feel terrible and even responsible for her death. I shouldn t have complained at Milwards that day. Eva got fired that day. I feel even worse about my parents reactions. I am very angry with them. I cannot understand how they cannot have learnt anything about responsibility from the inspector in the same way that I have. I am very disappointed with them. Anna: Yes, but you used to have a happy life with your family. And, you were ready to marry Gerald Croft. Sheila: I used to be very pleased with life and rather excited. I was even very happy with my engagement. But I am not happy now. I lost my faith in my family. I am very disappointed, especially with my father s behaviour. I am also disappointed with myself. I behaved very badly and I never meant to hurt Eva. Not to mention that Gerald cheated on me. Anna: The Inspector believed that you are only partly responsible. Don t you remember what the others did? Don t you remember what Gerald did? Sheila: I realized that Gerald knew Daisy Renton from his reaction, the moment the Inspector mentioned her name. Even though he had admitted that he had an affair with her, I am not angry with him. I actually respect his honesty but I still cannot trust him completely. We need to start over from the beginning. Anna: How do you feel about your parents? Sheila: As I mentioned before, I am very disappointed. They just pretended that nothing much had happened. I wish they could have learned from that evening in the same way that I have. My father shouldn t have fired a good worker because she asked for a decent pay, and my mother should have helped a single pregnant woman with no family or income. We should care more. Anna: So, Sheila, what did you learn from that evening? Sheila: I learned that everyone must be aware of his responsibilities. The old Sheila who had Eva dismissed from her job simply because she felt jealous of her has vanished forever. Anna: Thank you very much for your time, Sheila. It was really nice talking to you. Sheila: Thank you, too, Anna. I hope that everybody is aware not only of his rights but his responsibilities as well. Anna Ellinidi 4A Everything Mum How did you find the energy Mum To do all the things you did? To be a teacher, nurse and counsellor To me, when I was a kid? How did you do it all Mum? Be a chauffeur, cook and friend Yet find time to play with me? I just can t comprehend. I see now it was love Mum That made you come whenever I d call. Your inexhaustible love Mum And I thank you for it all. Rafaella Christou 1D 50

51 English Oil Crisis Today, and generally in the last few years of living in this world, we know that our global economy runs mostly on oil. It is not a renewable energy source so this causes a big problem to all people because one day the world economy will run out of oil. Therefore, because of the oil crisis we need to begin using renewable energy sources or alternative energy sources. Renewable energy sources can be separated into different types of energy. Solar energy is a good choice for anyone who is building a house. Solar energy makes use of solar panels which are placed on the roof of the houses and uses the rays of the sun, to make electricity. This electricity can be used for light, heating, hot water, stoves and dryers. Also, wind energy is another type of alternative energy source which converts the wind into electrical energy by the wind mills using a generator. Another type of renewable energy source is geothermal. Geothermal energy comes from the Earth and is transferred through pipes to our homes. It is another way of keeping the house warm. Furthermore, there are other types of alternative energy sources such as hydrogen and wave energy. As a result the advantage of using renewable energy sources is that there will be less pollution and no global warming, acid rain and the greenhouse effects. However, it still has some problems because alternative technology is not well developed yet. This is because people haven t used renewable energy as much as they use the non-renewable energy resources such as oil. People could develop the renewable energy sources further so as to make more things and help our environment. Rebecca Hansen Nicolaou 3E WEATHER POEM Mister cloud says aloud Today is cold but I have many clothes to fold, so it won t snow today it will rain another day. Nicolas Sourkounis, 1B When you were a little girl, You were the youngest there. But thank God you were saved. I know that what happened was terrible, I also know that everybody wanted to have fun, On the Titanic. It shouldn t have happened to you or to anyone else. I feel sad for you and your family. I feel sorry for the loss of your father, And the loss of the people on the Titanic. You will be in our hearts forever!!! Irene Afxentiou, 1B When I was Young When I was young I used to sit alone My mum told me to be With friends but I could not They bullied me, Always they said Something bad But I didn t tell Them enough I went home and I cried a lot My mum told me To stop But I could not! The next day at School everybody Was good! We played many games And then we were All fine! Maria Chrysostomou 2C 51

52 The PASCAL Chronicle French Moi! Bonjour! Je m appelle Athéna Evangelou et j ai douze ans. Je suis Chypriote et j habite à Nicosie. Je suis élève dans un collège privé - Pascal English School, Lefkosia. Mon anniversaire, c est le onze juillet. J habite dans une maison avec ma famille, mon père, ma mère et mon frère. Ma couleur préférée, c'est le violet et mon animal préféré, c'est l écureuil. Au collège je porte mon uniforme scolaire. Je porte une chemise blanche, une cravate noire et orange, un pull beige et orange, un pantalon gris, une veste grise et orange, des chaussettes blanches et des chaussures noires. J'aime beaucoup mon collège et mes professeurs. Athéna Evangelou, 1C AU CAFÉ Garçon: Vous désirez? Client: Un thé au citron, s il vous plaît. Garçon: Un thé au citron. Bien. C est tout? Client: Et un sandwich, s il vous plaît. Qu est-ce que vous avez comme sandwichs? Garçon: Pâté, fromage ou jambon. Client: Alors un sandwich au fromage, s il vous plaît. Garçon: Un sandwich au fromage. Client: Et où sont les toilettes, s il vous plaît? Garçon: C est là-bas, au fond. Client: Merci, Monsieur.... Client: Monsieur! L addition, s il vous plaît. Garçon: Voici, l addition. Client: Merci, Monsieur, voilà! Ma famille Dans ma famille, il y a trois personnes. Je suis enfant unique. Mon père s appelle Petros et ma mère s appelle Ramona. J adore mes parents! Emanuella Constantinidou, 1A Ma Maison Dans ma maison il y a neuf pièces: Il y a un salon, une salle à manger, une cuisine, une salle de bains et cinq chambres. Dans la cuisine, il y a une table, six chaises et une télévision. Dans le salon il y a une télévision et un magnétophone. Dans la chambre de mes parents, il y a un lit et une télévision. Dans la chambre de mon frère il y a deux lits, une télévision et une console. Dans ma chambre, Il y a mon lit, une télévision, un ordinateur. Sur mon lit, Il y a mon chien, Terez!!!. Eleni Demosthenous 1A Marina Tremouri, 3B 52

53 French La vie des collégiens Je suis une élève en première année du collège et je trouve que quand on travaille systématiquement avec diligence et on fait des efforts, l école n est pas du tout difficile. Je ne trouve pas que les devoirs que nos professeurs nous donnent sont difficiles, mais on a des examens souvent. L uniforme scolaire est une question qui ne plaît pas beaucoup tous les élèves, mais elle sert évidemment à la discipline des élèves et à l image de l école. Il faut dire qu il y a certains avantages dans notre collège comme les manifestations, les activités, les concours et les clubs qui sont organisés par les élèves et leurs professeurs chaque année. En conclusion, je pense que la vie au collège est une expérience inoubliable et exceptionnelle, et on ne peut pas la revivre! Marie-Hélène Georgiou 1C Albert Camus Albert Camus a vécu depuis le 7 novembre 1913 jusqu au 4 janvier Il était philosophe et écrivain français. Il était aussi le fondateur du Théâtre du Travail, pour lequel il a travaillé comme metteur en scène, arrangeur et acteur. Il a une grande réputation pour les romans L étranger et La Peste il a écrit aussi les pièces de «Caligula» et «Les Justes». En 1957 il a reçu le prix Nobel de littérature. La Peste est une œuvre célèbre. Oran, dans les années 1950, est coupée du monde à cause de la peste. Tellement la ville est imprégnée dans l isolement le plus complet pour prévenir la propagation de l épidémie. Certains tentent de s échapper, d autres démissionnent, d autres bénéficient. Comme le temps passe, les résidents craignent que le fléau ne disparaîtra jamais. Albert ajoute qu Oran est comme un camp de concentration, où la vie de chacun est menacée. Le moment de la livraison arrive enfin. Le public trouve la liberté. Il décrit le docteur, personnage central de l histoire. L épidémie est obsédée par leur esprit. Elle attaque n importe qui. La triste réalité est plus qu un mythe! Nancy Sergiou 6B 53

54 The PASCAL Chronicle German THIS YEAR, AS PART OF THE IB PROGRAMME, PUPILS WERE ABLE TO TAKE GERMAN AS A SECOND LAN- GUAGE. THIS WAS A WAY TO CHALLENGE PUPILS WITH A NEW LANGUAGE AND A WAY TO BRING IN NEW CUL- TURES TO THE SCHOOL. Eine Reise nach Berlin Im Sommer 2011 waren mein Deutschkurs und ich in Berlin. Wir haben in einem Berliner Hotel übernachtet. Ich habe die Berliner Universität, den Fernsehturm und ein Schloss besichtigt. Wir haben in Restaurants gegessen. Dann hat meine Deutschlehrerin einen Ausflug mit dem Bus organisiert und es war prima. Das Wetter war am Anfang kalt aber nicht an den letzten Tagen. Am siebten Tag haben wir in einem großen Einkaufszentrum eingekauft und es war fantastisch. Natürlich hatten wir viel Spaß. Bianca Geangalau 5IB Antwort auf einen Liebesbrief Lieber Piotr, Ich mag dich auch. Ich sehe dich jeden Tag und will mit dir reden. Ein Morgen ohne dich ist grau. Mein Leben bekommt Sinn, wenn ich dich sehe. Deine Augen sind wunderschön. Dein Haar ist glänzend. Ich kann dich den ganzen Tag anschauen. Ich möchte dich auch kennenlernen. Ich denke oft an dich. Wenn ich dich sehe, bekomme ich Schmetterlinge im Bauch. Ich freue mich schon auf unser Treffen. Viele liebe Grüße Jenny Robyn Bridle 5IB 54

55 Geography Florida Florida is a state of the southeast United States bordering on the Atlantic Ocean. Tallahassee is the capital and Jacksonville the largest city. Florida, the most populous state in the south eastern US, is also one of the fastest growing of the 50 states. Florida has the 3rd-largest population gain among the states, surpassed only by California and Texas. Florida's population grew from 12,937,926 to 15,982,378. Florida became the first state in the nation to close its Department of Commerce. All of the state's economic development and international trade strategies are now handled through a partnership of business and government, Enterprise Florida. Farming and the lumbering and naval stores industries, all concentrated in northern Florida, were early mainstays of the economy. Tourists and winter residents with second homes in Florida contribute billions of dollars annually to the state economy and make retailing and construction particularly important economic sectors. Eleni Stylianou 3E On the tracks of copper and gold The mining history of Cyprus has been connected with copper (cuprous) and Mitsero, a village in the area of Lefkosia which has a long mining history dating back to 3000 BC. At Mitsero large quantities of copper were extracted and piles of rust from ore processing is everywhere. In recent years the exploitation of copper began in 1924 by the Greek Mining Company (EME). In addition to copper, in 1935 gold was extracted which ended with the outbreak of the Second World War. The ruins of the gold mine are evident on the mountain north east of the village. In the 1950s a new mine was opened at Kokkinopezoula area known as the red lake. The extraction of copper was close to the surface and the excavation method with terraces (floors) was used. Today the floors can easily be seen by guests. Mitsero gained much of its mineral wealth due to its peculiar geological formation. There is a typical site in the northwest of the village where someone can observe the geological formation - pillow lavas - of the Troodos Mountains and Cyprus in general. Mr. Larry Stylianou, Geography Teacher History News of the World Scandal The 168-year-old tabloid is accused of hacking into mobile phones of crime victims, celebrities and politicians. Keith Rupert Murdoch, born on 11 th March 1931, is an Australian-American media mogul. He is the founder, Chairman and CEO of News Corporation, the world's second-largest media corporation. Murdoch is a very influential man. He sometimes organised meetings with other political figures in order to improve his position and role in Britain. However, these meetings were not politically significant; they were either friendly drinks or dinners. In July 2011 Murdoch faced allegations that his companies (several newspapers), had been regularly hacking the phones of citizens, celebrities and royalty. He faced police and government investigations into bribery and corruption in the UK and FBI investigations in the US. On 15 th July Rupert Murdoch attended a private meeting in London with the family of Milly Dowler, during which he personally apologized for the hacking of their murdered daughter's voic by a company he owns. On 16 th and 17 th July, News International published two full-page apologies in many of Britain's national newspapers. News of the World paper officially shut down on July the 10 th Bianca Geangalau 5IB 55

56 The PASCAL Chronicle History Lawrence of Arabia Thomas Edward (T.E.) Lawrence was born at Tremadoc in Wales in He was the son of Thomas Chapman, who later changed his surname to Lawrence. He was an extra-ordinary person from the age of four and he was able to read and write Latin at the age of six. Lawrence won a scholarship to Oxford University and developed a passion for reading - especially books on military history. In 1914, when World War I started, Lawrence joined the intelligence branch of the general staff. His knowledge of Arabic led to a posting in Egypt where he served in the 'Arab Bureau'. Lawrence had an unorthodox approach to his commission. Ignoring the protocol in the British Army for smartness of uniform, he was seen as a very able but scruffy junior officer. During that time, the British military campaign in the Middle East had not started well. The British had easily repulsed a Turkish attack on the Suez Canal but their pursuit of the Turks across Sinai ground to a halt near Gaza. In other areas in the region, the Turks had been more successful, especially in Aden. The Ottoman Empire had swallowed a great deal of the Middle East and the Turkish overlords were not welcome in that region. On June 5th, 1916, the Arab Revolt started in the Hejaz - though some called it the Arab Awakening. The revolt had some initial successes capturing Mecca, Jidda and Taif. But the Arabs failed to take the main rail line that ran through the region and the Turks were able to send quickly more troops there. Therefore the revolt lost its original impetus. In October 1916, the British sent Ronald Storrs to investigate the revolt. He was accompanied by Lawrence. Lawrence was sent to meet the Amir Feisal whose tribesmen had been attempting to siege Medina. Feisal and Lawrence developed an immediate relationship. Feisal's men were keen fighters but hopelessly illdisciplined. Lawrence saw the potential of harnessing their commitment to their cause but in a different direction. He quickly realised that Feisal's men had no chance of capturing Medina. Lawrence believed that while the Turks controlled the rail line they would always have the opportunity to supply Medina. He therefore believed that Feisal's best chance lay in rebel warfare against the rail line but away from Medina. Lawrence wanted to move their campaign north. So he did. As Lawrence and the Hejaz Arabs moved further and further north, they linked up with Trans- Jordan tribes who joined his campaign. On July 6th, 1917, Lawrence and his Arab followers captured Aqaba from the rear after defeating a whole Turkish battalion. Feisal moved his headquarters to Aqaba and placed himself and his men under the command of General Allenby, British commander in Palestine. General Allenby planned to use the growing Arab revolution against the Turks to his advantage. He provided the Arabs with guns, ammunition and gold. Small numbers of British, French and Indian troops were sent to Aqaba to support Feisal's men. The Turkish Army had a number of conscripted Arab units in it and Allenby hoped that the success of Feisal would lead to them leaving the Turkish army en masse in a demonstration of Arab unity. As the revolution became more successful, more and more Arab tribesmen joined it. This is what Allenby had hoped for. The Turks could barely cope with the revolution. On December 9th, 1917, General Allenby s forces entered Jerusalem and Lawrence was with him. Both men got along with one another despite their different ranks. Allenby was quite happy to see Lawrence wearing Arab dress - something other British officers could not tolerate. In January 1918, Lawrence led an attack on the Turks at Tafila in which a whole battalion was destroyed. On the 19 th September 1918, the British set a massive attack against the Turks. Lawrence was asked by General Allenby to launch a diversionary attack on the Turks at an important rail junction at Deraa. The attack was a great success. Feisal entered Damascus in triumph and Lawrence took charge of civil and military order for several weeks. On October 31 st 1918, a peace agreement was conducted with the Turks. Lawrence continued to live among those Arabs who fought the Turks. He lived the life of a Bedouin, always doing more than those he fought with - riding his camel further, pushing his body harder. He ate what they ate which led to a number of debilitating stomach ailments. But by doing this, he earned the respect of those who fought with him. How important was the contribution of Lawrence to the campaign in the Middle East? Historians are likely to argue this question for many years. Before he arrived in the region, the British campaign had reached ground zero. After his meeting with Feisal, the campaign picked up. Lawrence went out of his way to befriend the Arabs - something that not all British officers in the Middle East chose to do. At Deraa, he had a force of 3,000 Arabs but they tied down 50,000 Turks who could not help their comrades against General Allenby. The Turkish High Command also spread their forces (150,000 men in total) across the region making the British campaign that much easier. "Of all the men I have ever met, Al Auruns was the greatest prince.", a sheikh who fought with Lawrence "To the student of war, the whole Arab campaign provides a remarkable illustration of the extraordinary results which can be achieved by mobile guerilla tactics. For the Arabs detained tens of thousands of regular Turkish troops with a force barely capable of engaging a brigade of infantry in a pitched battle." General Glubb Alexandros Peleteos 3A 56

57 Psychology Read the sentence below: FINISHED FILES ARE THE RESULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE EXPERIENCE OF YEARS. Now count the F`s in that sentence. Count them only once Answer: There are six F`s in the sentence. A person of average intelligence finds three of them. If you spotted four, you`re above average. If you got five, you can turn your nose at most anybody. If you caught six, you are a genius. There is no catch. Many people forget the "OF"`s. The human brain tends to see them as V`s and not F`s. Look at the picture below and draw it on a piece of paper. Analysis How did you draw your picture? From the center outward You are of the conventional type of people who, in learning about and dealing with the world, would start with things small and specific, and then expand to the large and general. The desire is directed toward what is lying beyond one's immediate horizon. From the edge inward You belong to the type of people who put much emphasis on concentration and control. You tend to be oblivious of the goings-on around you and want to focus on what truly interests you. Skeptical of the fantastic and implausible, you would rather deal with matters that are more concrete in nature. Being a pragmatist who doesn't want to be misled by unrealistic hopes, you want to be reliable and productive in a dependable way. 57

58 The PASCAL Chronicle Psychology 10 Tips to Avoid Becoming Depressed According to many psychologists there are a number of ways which can help us avoid depression since it all depends on our own frame of mind; we shouldn t feel that we are a helpless victim to depression. Depression is something that we can avoid by developing the opposite state of mind which is HAPPINESS. Here are some tips for avoiding depression: 1. Offer goodwill to Others. If we try to make others happy and offer them help then we will project positive energy which will come back to us. 2. Learn to Detach from Thoughts Try to become aware of negative thoughts and throw them out of your head. Don t let negative thoughts take over, replace them with pleasant positive ones. 3. Keep Busy. If you can t get rid of negative thoughts keep busy with something constructive and focus on the task at hand. 4. Avoid Feelings of guilt. Don t feel guilty especially for minor events, it s better for you and everyone involved if you try to concentrate on doing the right thing. 5. Live a Balanced Life. Try not to focus all your time and energy on school or work. Set aside time for relaxation and having fun with something that brings you pleasure. 6. Don t Base your Happiness solely on other people. If you depend on another person for your happiness then at some point you will be disappointed. You should try to accept people for who they are without trying to change them nor change yourself to satisfy them. 7. Share Problems Having good friends who are able and willing to listen to your problems, even if they can t help, will help you avoid feelings of isolation. So, share your problems and don t feel ashamed about what is bothering you. However, choose your friends carefully! 8. Cultivate Happiness. When we are depressed, we think that feeling happy again is impossible but if you force a smile or laughter you will start to trick your mind that you are happy and eventually achieve real happiness. 9. Have Low Expectations. It may sound strange but if we don t try to set unrealistic goals and minimise our desires we won t feel as disappointed and depressed. This does not mean we should not try for excellence and achieve things. We should try to take small achievable steps and gradually work our way to more challenging goals. 10. Don t Dwell On the Negative. The most important thing you can do to avoid depression is to stop negative thoughts. Negative thoughts are the cause of depression. You have to realize that you are in control of your feelings and whether you feel happy or sad depends on how you view the events in your life. Obviously, we can t always feel happy but try at least not to focus on the negative aspects of life. Don t Worry Be Happy. Mr. Pantelis Charalambous, Psychology Teacher 58

59 Economics Voices from the edge RELOADED. Economic crisis in Greece and its Impact on Cyprus. Having recently read an article by LSE professor Paul Strong, I felt the need to research the current issue of the economic crisis in Greece further. This issue has been dealt with in numerous Economics lessons which have dealt with economic growth, crisis and economic recovery. Thus, having already acquired the theoretical background needed in order to observe such economic issues, the study of related articles such as this leads me to deep scepticism about the economic future of this country. The article summarises research carried by Dr. Strong in Greece called Voices From the Edge since it investigates the economic patterns between the two edges of Greece, both in terms of geographical position and between people who have different occupations and their attitude towards the life that they have recently been forced into, what they could expect from it, whether or not they are satisfied and if it was better in the past or not. As the interviewer states, opinions vary and are unpredictable and depend on the socioeconomic status of each interviewee. People in Greece according to what the author is briefly describing from his survey, are affected in a large scale by the crisis that has hit the country since it affects their economic stature and not only. The Greek people blame equally the leaders of the world and the owners of capital as well as their own leaders. Greeks do know and feel bad about the fact that their country s economic downfall at the very moment is also an inevitable result of the way they acted economically when phenomena like tax evasion and bribery used to be common events. The author approached the people using a small motorbike and at first most of the locals were curious and keen to help him, but once they learned who he was and the actual cause of his visit, they were then unwilling to answer his questions. A fairly sufficient explanation could focus on the locals belief that Strong actually wanted to expose the Greek Downfall in a humiliating approach rather than doing research. Anyhow the views of the people clearly pointed out that hard times arrived in Greece but for some people life in the previous critical moments in the history of Greece was either better or worse depending again, on the economic stature of each interviewee. If we put Dr. Strong s article in a Cypriot context, we will notice that many people have been wondering about the degree which the Greek downfall is affecting our life and economy. Cyprus is already a victim of the economic crisis that is ongoing in the world; however Cyprus is going to be affected in a deeper level by Greece s condition since many Cypriot businesses invested in Greece and mainly banks invested in Greek government securities and now the Greek government faces a crash which will severely hit Cyprus. It is quite noticeable that the Cypriot economy can not host an enormous number of foreign labour, however there are aspects in our economy that dictate the need for foreign hands since the locals have been moving away from various sectors of the economy. Economic theory defines de-industrialisation as the movement away from manufacturing- or the secondary sector of the economy and into the tertiary sector which is the service sector of each country. Since the Cypriot economy has been steadily growing and moving into the service sector over the last decade, it could be argued that the small primary and secondary sectors of our economy need to be enhanced by foreign labour. Nevertheless, foreign labour arrivals could depend on the training and working abilities of foreigners since unemployment already reaps young Cypriots. This, in addition to multibillion Cypriot investments in Greek Bonds highlights one fact that should be understood by all who have understanding of basic economic theory. Greek bankruptcy will pull Cyprus deeper into recession, so the only way to survive this economic tsunami is to aid in the Greek recovery by all means necessary. The Greek paradigm should act as a gridline for our generation since our bonds with Greece expand beyond the economy. Cultural defects like behaviors of tax evasion and other socioeconomic features that promote negative economic externalities should be avoided by all means. A good start is to promote education at a level which will ensure qualitative injections of future labour and economic discipline. Alexandros Loizou 5B 59

60 The PASCAL Chronicle Greek ΣΟ ΣΑΞΙΓΙ ΜΟΤ ΣΗΝ ΙΠΑΝΙΑ Πξηλ από δπόκηζη πεξίπνπ ρξόληα, επηζθέθζεθα καδί κε ηελ νηθνγέλεηά κνπ κία καγεπηηθή θαη πνιύ εληππσζηαθή ρώξα ηεο Δπξώπεο, ηελ Ηζπαλία, θαη ζπγθεθξηκέλα ηελ πξσηεύνπζά ηεο Καδξίηε, ηε Βαξθειώλε θαη ην Σνιέδν. Ζ Ηζπαλία ήηαλ θαη εμαθνινπζεί λα είλαη κία ρώξα κε παλέκνξθα αμηνζέαηα θαη ζπνπδαία κλεκεία, αθνύ έρεη γλσξίζεη ζεκαληηθνύο αξρεγνύο θαη θνξπθαίνπο θαιιηηέρλεο. Αξρηθά, επηζθεθζήθακε ηε Καδξίηε, ηεο νπνίαο ε θαζαξηόηεηα θαη ε νξγάλσζε κε γνεηεύζαλ θαη κνπ έθαλαλ κεγάιε εληύπσζε. Πεξλνύζαλ θαζεκεξηλά εηδηθέο κεραλέο θαζαξηζκνύ θαη θαζάξηδαλ θάζε δξόκν, ζνθάθη θαη πιαηεία. Οη πηλαθίδεο ήηαλ ηνπνζεηεκέλεο πεξηπνηεκέλα πάλσ ζηηο θνιόλεο κε εηδηθά ζηεξίγκαηα θαη νη ηνίρνη ήηαλ πεληαθάζαξνη. ηε Καδξίηε επηζθεθζήθακε ην επηβιεηηθό παιάηη, όπνπ δνύζαλ παιηόηεξα νη βαζηιηάδεο ηεο ρώξαο. Δθεί ππήξραλ ηα νηθνγελεηαθά θεηκήιηα θαη δηάθνξα πακπάιαηα αληηθείκελα αλεθηίκεηεο αμίαο. Δπίζεο, επηζθεθζήθακε ηελ πηλαθνζήθε «Reina Sofia», πνπ πήξε ην όλνκά ηεο από ηελ Ηζπαλίδα βαζίιηζζα ειιεληθήο θαηαγσγήο, νθία. Δθεί είδακε δηάθνξνπο όκνξθνπο πίλαθεο ζεκαληηθώλ δσγξάθσλ, αιιά απηόο πνπ μερώξηζε είλαη ε «Guernica», ν θεκηζκέλνο πίλαθαο ηνπ ζπνπδαηόηεξνπ Ηζπαλνύ δσγξάθνπ, Πηθάζν, ηνλ νπνίν αγνξάζακε θαη ζε αληίγξαθν. Πεξπαηήζακε ζηηο όκνξθεο πιαηείεο θαη ζαπκάζακε ηνπο πνιύρξσκνπο θήπνπο θαη ηα θαηαπιεθηηθά ζπληξηβάληα. Σελ άιιε κέξα παξαθνινπζήζακε κηα ζεηξά νρηώ ηαπξνκαρηώλ ζε κία πνιπζύρλαζηε αξέλα ηεο πόιεο, όπνπ παξεβξηζθόηαλ θαη ε βαζηιηθή νηθνγέλεηα. Ήηαλ αξθεηά ζθιεξό λα βιέπεηο ηνπο ηαπξνκάρνπο λα ζθνηώλνπλ ηνπο ηαύξνπο θαη, ζην ηέινο, λα ηνπο ζέξλνπλ κε θαξόηζηα γύξσ από ηελ αξέλα, γηα λα ηνπο δεη ν θόζκνο, θαη κάιηζηα λα ηνπο ηξώλε ζαλ γεύκα. Αθόκα, παξαθνινπζήζακε δύν πνδνζθαηξηθνύο αγώλεο ηεο δηάζεκεο νκάδαο Ρεάι Καδξίηεο ελαληίνλ δύν άιισλ ηνπηθώλ, επίζεο θεκηζκέλσλ νκάδσλ. Κηα άιιε κέξα επηζθεθζήθακε ην Σνιέδν, κία κηθξή, γξαθηθή πόιε θνληά ζηε Καδξίηε, όπνπ είδακε ην κνπζείν πνπ είλαη αθηεξσκέλν ζηνλ Έιιελα δσγξάθν Γνκίληθν Θενηνθόπνπιν (El Greco), θαζώο θαη ην παηξηθό ηνπ ζπίηη. Ζ ηειεπηαία καο ζηάζε ήηαλ ε Βαξθειώλε, ε νπνία κνπ άξεζε πεξηζζόηεξν από όιεο ηηο πξνεγνύκελεο πόιεηο. Πεξπαηώληαο ζηνπο θαηαπξάζηλνπο δξόκνπο, ζαπκάδακε ηα θηήξηα ηνπ κεγάινπ Ηζπαλνύ αξρηηέθηνλα Gaudi. Σελ πξνζνρή καο ηξάβεμαλ ην κνπζείν ηνπ αξρηηέθηνλα θαη κηα αμηνζαύκαζηε, αιιά εκηηειήο θαζεδξηθή εθθιεζία ηνπ ηδίνπ, ε «Sagrada Familla», ε νπνία ζεσξείηαη σο ην όγδνν ζαύκα ηνπ θόζκνπ. Ζ αξρηηεθηνληθή ηνπ ζξπιηθνύ απηνύ θαιιηηέρλε ήηαλ ηδηαίηεξε θαη κνλαδηθή, αθνύ ρξεζηκνπνηνύζε πνιιά ρξώκαηα θαη δηαθνξεηηθνύο ηξόπνπο δηαθόζκεζεο θαη αξρηηεθηνληθήο ζην θαζέλα από ηα θηήξηά ηνπ. Καο εληππσζίαζαλ επίζεο ν ηνπηθόο θαζεδξηθόο λαόο θαη ν εζληθόο θήπνο ηεο πόιεο, όπνπ ππάξρνπλ πέηξηλα παγθάθηα ρηηζκέλα γύξσ από θνξκνύο καθξόθπιισλ δέληξσλ, κηθξέο ιηκλνύιεο, πνιύρξσκα ινπινύδηα θαη παλέκνξθα θπηά. Σέινο επηζθεθζήθακε ην ελπδξείν θαη ην δσνινγηθό θήπν ηεο Βαξθειώλεο, όπνπ είδακε θάζε είδνπο δώα θαη ςάξηα. Θαηά ηε γλώκε κνπ, ε Ηζπαλία είλαη κία από ηηο πην εληππσζηαθέο θαη νκνξθόηεξεο ρώξεο ηνπ θόζκνπ, αθνύ εθεί ππάξρνπλ ακέηξεηα κέξε γηα λα επηζθεθζείο θαη λα ςπραγσγεζείο. Σέινο, είλαη δηαθνξεηηθή απ όιεο ηηο άιιεο ρώξεο ηνπ θόζκνπ, κε ηε δηθή ηεο Sagrada Familla θνπιηνύξα θαη πνιηηηζκό, κε κνλαδηθά έζηκα θαη αμηόινγα ήζε. Γη απηνύο ηνπο ιόγνπο, ην ηαμίδη απηό ζα κνπ κείλεη αμέραζην! Μαξηαιέλα Γεωξγίνπ, 1C Picasso s Guernica 60

61 Greek Ραηζηζκόο ζηελ Κύπξν, πωο εθθξάδεηαη θαη πώο αληηκεηωπίδεηαη Ραηζηζκόο. Ση είλαη Ραηζηζκόο; Ραηζηζκόο είλαη λα ζεσξνύκε θάπνηα άιιε νκάδα αλζξώπσλ σο θαηώηεξε ή αθόκε θαη άμηα πεξηθξόλεζεο, ιόγσ ηεο θπιεηηθήο ή εζληθήο ηνπο θαηαγσγήο. Αηηία ηνπ ξαηζηζκνύ είλαη ζπλήζσο έλα κίγκα ππεξνςίαο θαη θόβνπ. Γειαδή, από ηε κηα πιεπξά αηζζαλόκαζηε όηη ε δηθή καο θπιή είλαη αλώηεξε - πην θαιιηεξγεκέλε, πην έμππλε, πην πνιηηηζκέλε. Γεγνλόο αδηακθηζβήηεην, όηη ε Θύπξνο είλαη από ηηο πην ξαηζηζηηθέο ρώξεο ηεο Δπξώπεο. Απηό καο ιέλε νη επξσπατθνί δείθηεο, αιιά θαη ε θαζεκεξηλόηεηα πνπ δνύκε. Ο ξαηζηζκόο ζηελ παηξίδα καο εθδειώλεηαη αηνκηθά από πνιίηεο αιιά θαη πην νξγαλσκέλα από θξαηηθνύο θνξείο. Σν θξάηνο θαη νη ζεζκνί ηνπ ζ' άπξεπε λα πξνζηαηεύνπλ ηνλ πνιίηε θαη λα απνζαξξύλνπλ ξαηζηζηηθέο ηάζεηο θαη ζπκπεξηθνξέο πνπ ελδερνκέλσο παξαηεξνύληαη. Γπζηπρώο όκσο ππήξμαλ θαηεγνξίεο γηα ξαηζηζηηθή ζπκπεξηθνξά από απηή αθόκε ηελ Δπηηξνπή Γεκόζηαο Τπεξεζίαο (ΔΓΤ). Ο ξαηζηζκόο παξάγεηαη ζην ζρνιείν θαη είλαη ελ κέξεη επαθόινπζν ηεο «εζληθήο παηδείαο». Ζ «ζξεζθεπηηθή παηδεία», πνπ επίζεο θαιιηεξγείηαη ζηα ζρνιεία ηεο Θύπξνπ, έξρεηαη λα ζπκπιεξώζεη ηηο αξλεηηθέο επηπηώζεηο ηεο «εζληθήο παηδείαο». Σα παηδηά «καζαίλνπλ» λα κηζνύλ ην δηαθνξεηηθό, αληί λα ην γλσξίζνπλ, λα ην θαηαλνήζνπλ θαη λα ην ζεβαζηνύλ. Σν κίζνο πνπ εκπνηίδεη ηηο αζώεο ςπρέο ησλ καζεηώλ εμσηεξηθεύεηαη ζε θάπνηα ζηηγκή ηεο δσήο ηνπο. Θιηβεξό επαθόινπζν, ε κεηέπεηηα ζπκπεξηθνξά. Ζ ππεξέηξηα ζην ζπίηη δελ έρεη όλνκα νύηε πξνζσπηθόηεηα. Δίλαη ε «Καπξνύ», ε «Φηιηππηλέδα», ε «ξηιαλθέδα», ε «Βηεηλακέδα». Αθόκε θαη ζην θξαηηθό λνζνθνκείν όπνπ εξγάδνληαη άλζξσπνη κε παλεπηζηεκηαθή κόξθσζε, νη μέλνη ππήθννη δελ έρνπλ όλνκα. Δίλαη ν «Δγγιέδνο» κε ην έκθξαγκα, ν «Ρνπκάλνο» κε ηελ θαξδηαθή αλεπάξθεηα, ν «Βνύιγαξνο» κε ηελ αξξπζκία, θιπ. ίγνπξα ε θνηλσλία καο ρξεηάδεηαη πεξηζζόηεξε πξνζπάζεηα θαη εθπαίδεπζε γηα βειηίσζε. Βειηίσζε ζπκπεξηθνξάο, απνδνρήο ηνπ δηαθνξεηηθνύ, ηνπ μέλνπ πνιίηε πνπ επηιέγεη λα δήζεη θαη λα εξγαζηεί ζηε ρώξα καο, ηνπ θύπξηνπ πνιίηε κε δηαθνξεηηθή ζξεζθεία θαη θνπιηνύξα από ηελ πιεηνςεθία, θαζώο θαη πεξηζζόηεξε θαηαλόεζε ησλ επαηζζεζηώλ πνπ ραξαθηεξίδνπλ ηηο δηαθνξεηηθέο κηθξέο πιεζπζκηαθέο νκάδεο, είηε πξόθεηηαη γηα ζξεζθεπηηθέο ή εζληθέο θνηλόηεηεο Ζ θαιύηεξε ηζνξξνπία όηαλ είκαζηε αληηκέησπνη κε αλζξώπνπο από άιιεο θπιέο, είλαη λα δηαηεξνύκε κηα πγηή ζηάζε θηινμελίαο, όπνπ απνδερόκαζηε ηνλ άιιν γη' απηό πνπ είλαη, ελώ ηαπηόρξνλα ζεβόκαζηε θαη ηνλ εαπηό καο γη' απηό πνπ είλαη θαη γη' απηό πνπ έρεη. Αλ πξνζέμνπκε ζηνλ άιιν άλζξσπν, ζηελ άιιε θπιή, θάπνηα ειαηηώκαηα, αο ζπκεζνύκε όηη έρνπκε θαη εκείο, αλ όρη ηα ίδηα, ηνπιάρηζηνλ άιια εμ' ίζνπ ζνβαξά ειαηηώκαηα. Φίιηππνο Βαηπιηώηεο 3D 61

62 The PASCAL Chronicle Greek Δλνπνίεζε Δπξώπεο Ζ Δπξσπατθή Έλσζε είλαη κία νηθνγέλεηα δεκνθξαηηθώλ θξαηώλ (27 κέρξη ζήκεξα) νη νπνίεο έρνπλ δεζκεπηεί λα ζπλεξγάδνληαη γηα ηελ εηξήλε θαη ηελ επεκεξία. Ζ ζπγθεθξηκέλε έλσζε ή αιιηώο νηθνγέλεηα κεγαιώλεη απμάλεηαη θαη ελνπνηείηαη ζπλερώο. Σα νθέιε ηεο Δπξσπατθήο Έλσζεο είλαη ε νηθνλνκηθή αλάπηπμε ησλ θξαηώλ κειώλ ηεο κε ηελ εμαζθάιηζε θιίκαηνο ζηαζεξόηεηαο θαη επεκεξίαο ώζηε όια ηα θξάηε κέιε λα έρνπλ νηθνλνκηθή αλάπηπμε θαη ζηαζεξό θέξδνο. Ζ πνιηηηζηηθή πνιπθσλία δειαδή ε δηαθύιαμε ηεο εζληθήο θαη πνιηηηζηηθήο ηδηαηηεξόηεηαο. Δπηπξόζζεηα ε δεκηνπξγία ζηελόηεξσλ ζρέζεσλ ζπλεξγαζίαο θαη αιιειεγγύεο ησλ ιαώλ ηεο Δπξώπεο κε απνηέιεζκα λα κελ ππάξρνπλ ζπγθξνύζεηο κεηαμύ ηα θξάηε θαη ησλ ιαώλ ηεο Δπξσπατθήο Έλσζεο. Ζ δηακόξθσζε εληαίνπ ζεζκηθνύ πιαηζίνπ θαη δεκηνπξγία θνηλώλ ζεζκηθώλ νξγάλσλ δειαδή ην ζπκβνύιην ησλ Τπνπξγώλ, Δπξσπατθή Δπηηξνπή θαη Δπξσπατθό Γηθαζηήξην πνπ ζπκβάιινπλ ζηελ πεξαηηέξσ πξνζηαζία ησλ αλζξσπίλσλ δηθαησκάησλ θαη δεκνθξαηηθώλ θαηαθηήζεσλ. Σέινο ε άζθεζε θνηλήο εμσηεξηθήο πνιηηηθήο, πξνώζεζε ηεο εηξήλεο θαη ηεο αζθάιεηαο ζηελ Δπξώπε θαη ζηνλ θόζκν. Κε βάζε ινηπόλ ηελ πξννπηηθή απηή ηα νθέιε ηεο Δπξσπατθήο Έλσζεο θαη ηελ ελνπνίεζε ηεο ειπίδσ πεξηζζόηεξν λα ππάξρεη νηθνλνκηθή αλάπηπμε θαη ζπλεξγαζία κεηαμύ ησλ κειώλ ηεο Δπξσπατθήο Έλσζεο, λα θαηνρπξσζνύλ ηα αλζξώπηλα δηθαηώκαηα. Αθόκα λα ππάξρεη εηξήλε θαη επεκεξία κεηαμύ ησλ θξαηώλ κειώλ ηεο θαη αλά παγθνζκίσο. Παξόια ηα θαιά πνπ ειπίδσ λα γίλνπλ κε ηελ ελνπνίεζε ηεο Δπξσπατθήο Έλσζεο θνβάκαη όηη ζα πξνθιεζνύλ θάπνηα πξνβιήκαηα. Θάπνηα από απηά είλαη ε εθηόλσζε ηεο πξνζπάζεηαο επηβνιήο ησλ ηζρπξώλ θξαηώλ έλαληη ησλ αδπλάησλ, έλα θαιό παξάδεηγκα είλαη ε Γεξκαλία ε νπνία είλαη νηθνλνκηθά θαιύηεξα από θάπνηεο ρώξεο θαη επηβάιιεηαη κε νπνηνλδήπνηε ηξόπν έλαληη ησλ νηθνλνκηθά αζζελέζηεξσλ θξαηώλ όπσο ε Διιάδα. Άιιν πξόβιεκα είλαη επίζεο ε έιιεηςε ζπλνρήο θαη αιιειεγγύεο ζηελ άζθεζε εμσηεξηθήο πνιηηηθήο αθνύ ηα θξάηε κέιε ηεο δελ ζπκθσλνύλ θαη ζπρλά γίλνληαη κηθξέο δηπισκαηηθέο ζπγθξνύζεηο. Δλώ επηπξόζζεηνο θίλδπλνο είλαη ν θίλδπλνο αιινίσζεο ηεο εζληθήο ηαπηόηεηαο ησλ αζζελέζηεξσλ θξαηώλ θαη ε αύμεζε ησλ θνηλσληθώλ πξνβιεκάησλ εμαηηίαο ηεο άζθεζεο κνλνκεξνύο πνιηηηθήο ηεο Δπξσπατθήο Έλσζεο κε ζηόρν ηελ ζύγθιηζε ησλ εζληθώλ νηθνλνκηώλ. Παξόια ηα πξνβιήκαηα πνπ θνβάκαη κήπσο γίλνπλ, ε Δπξσπατθή Έλσζε είλαη κηα αμηόινγε έλσζε πνπ ππνζηεξίδεη ηα αλζξώπηλα δηθαηώκαηα είλαη δεκνθξαηηθή θαη πνιηηηζκέλε. Αδάκνο Αληωλίνπ 3D 62

63 Greek Οη αξλεηηθέο επηπηώζεηο ηεο δηαθήκηζεο θαη ηξόπνη αληηκεηώπηζεο ηηο κέξεο καο όιν θαη πεξηζζόηεξνη ζπλάλζξσπνη καο επηδίδνληαη όιν θαη πεξηζζόηεξν ζην ίδην ζπνξ, απηό ηνπ θαηαλαισηηζκνύ, ην νπνίν εύζηνρα πξνέξρεηαη από ηε δηαθήκηζε. Σν ζέκα ηείλεη λα πάξεη κεγάιεο δηαζηάζεηο εάλ δελ έρεη γίλεη έλα από ηα θπξηόηεξα δεηήκαηα πνπ απαζρνινύλ ηελ επηθαηξόηεηα. Ο θαηαλαισηηζκόο είλαη ηκήκα ηεο καδηθήο θνπιηνύξαο θαη αθνξά ηηο ζπληαγέο ηεο αθζνλίαο νη νπνίεο εύζηνρα πξνέξρνληαη από ηε βηνκεραλία ηνπ ζεάκαηνο, ηελ δηαθήκηζε. ηελ επνρή καο, έρνπλ ρξενθνπήζεη νη πλεπκαηηθέο, εζηθέο θαη θνηλσληθέο αμίεο θαη ε επκάξεηα ζεσξείηαη πιένλ θξηηήξην επηπρίαο θαη θαηαμίσζεο. Κέζσ ηεο δηαθήκηζεο νδεγνύκαζηε ζηελ ππνβάζκηζε ησλ πλεπκαηηθώλ θαη θνηλσληθώλ αμηώλ καο. Ο θαηαλαισηηθόο κνλόδξνκνο, ηνλ νπνίν δεκηνπξγεί ε δηαθήκηζε, δεκηνπξγεί ζην άηνκν πιαζηέο, θηηαρηέο αλάγθεο θαη ην εμαλαγθάδεη λα δνπιεύεη πεξηζζόηεξεο ώξεο, κε βξίζθνληαο έηζη ρξόλν γηα άιια αγαζά, όπσο ζέαηξν, κνπζηθή θαη πνίεζε. Ζ δηαθήκηζε ζενπνηώληαο ηα πξντόληα, ηνπνζεηεί ηελ «θαηαλαισηηθή πξνζσπηθόηεηα» ζηε ζέζε ηεο αλζξώπηλεο. Θα ήηαλ παξάιεηςε λα κελ αλαθέξσ όηη ε δηαθήκηζε, δεκηνπξγεί άγρνο ζηνλ άλζξσπν, ην άγρνο γηα ηελ θαηαλάισζε όζν πεξηζζόηεξσλ πξντόλησλ. Σα άηνκα θπξηεπκέλα από ην θαηαλαισηηθό όξακα, ζπρλά δελ κπνξνύλ λα βξνπλ ηελ ςπρηθή ηνπο εξεκία. Όηαλ δελ κπνξνύλ λα ρνξηάζνπλ ηελ θαηαλαισηηθή ηνπο βνπιηκία, έζησ θαη κεξηθώο, αδεκνλνύλ, ληώζνπλ μνθιεκέλνη θαη θπξηεύνληαη από θζόλν θαη δήιηα έλαληη απηώλ πνπ κπνξνύλ λα έρνπλ αξθεηά δηαθεκηδόκελα πξντόληα. Απηό νδεγεί ζηελ αιινηξίσζε ηλ αλζξώπηλσλ ζρέζεσλ θαζώο θπξηαξρεί ν αηνκηθηζκόο, ε ηδηνηέιεηα θαη ν θζόλνο γηα ηνπο άιινπο. ε θακηά πεξίπησζε δελ πξέπεη λα μερλάκε όηη ε ηάζε ππεξθαηαλάισζεο νδεγεί ζηελ ππεξπαξαγσγή θαη απηό ζπκβάιιεη θαηά πνιύ ζηε κείσζε ησλ θπζηθώλ πόξσλ θαη επνκέλσο ζηελ θαηαζηξνθή ηνπ πεξηβάιινληνο καο. Απηό, ζα έρεη θπξίσο επίπησζε ζηηο επόκελεο γεληέο, νη νπνίεο κέζα ζηε βαβνύξα θαη ην ράνο ηεο θαζεκεξηλόηεηαο, ζα απνδεηνύλ θάηη ην αιεζηλό όρη θάηη θηηαρηό, θαη δελ ζα ηνπο είλαη πνιύ εύθνιν. Πξσηαξρηθό κέηξν ην νπνίν πξέπεη λα ιεθζεί είλαη κέζσ ηεο παηδείαο. σζηή παηδεία ζα κάζεη ζηνπο λένπο λα δηαηεξνύλ ηελ ειεπζεξία ηεο βνύιεζεο ηνπο, λα εμεηάδνπλ ζθαηξηθά ηα δεδνκέλα, λα ζπγθξίλνπλ, λα θξίλνπλ θαη λα επηιέγνπλ. Απηό ζα θάλεη ηα άηνκα λα απνθηήζνπλ απηνπεπνίζεζε θαη λα απνθύγνπλ ηελ «πιύζε εγθεθάινπ» θαη ηελ ρεηξαγώγεζε πνπ ηνπο γίλεηαη κέζσ ηεο δηαθήκηζεο. Βαζηθόο παξάγνληαο επίηεπμεο απηνύ ηνπ ζηόρνπ είλαη ε ζσζηή αγσγή από ηελ νηθνγέλεηα. Αλάινγε κε ηελ ζηάζε ησλ γνλέσλ απέλαληη ζηε δηαθήκηζε είλαη θαη ε ζηάζε ησλ παηδηώλ, θαζώο έρνπλ σο πξόηππα ηνπο γνλείο ηνπο. πλεπώο, νη γνλείο πξέπεη λα δηδάμνπλ ζηα παηδηά ηνπο ηελ εγθξάηεηα θαη όπσο είπε θαη ν Οδπζζέαο Διύηεο «γελλήζεθα γηα λα έρσ ηόζα, δελ κνπ ιέεη ηίπνηα λα παξαδνμνινγώ». Αλαγθαίνο είλαη θαη ν ξόινο ηεο πνιηηείαο καο θαζώο ζα πξέπεη λα ππάξμεη θαηαζηνιή ηεο αζέκηηεο, παξαπιαλεηηθήο δηαθήκηζεο κέζσ ηεο ζέζπηζεο λνκηθνύ πιαηζίνπ ην νπνίν λα θαζνξίδεη ην πιαίζην κέζα ζην νπνίν ζα θηλνύληαη νη δηαθεκίζεηο. Κε απηό ηνλ ηξόπν ζα ππάξμεη απαγόξεπζε ζηα εμαηξεηηθά παξαπιαλεηηθά πεξηερόκελα δηαθεκίζεσλ, πεξηνξηζκνί θαη ζα πξνζηαηεπζνύλ νη επαίζζεηεο νκάδεο, δειαδή ηα παηδηά. Κε ηελ ζέζπηζε λνκηθνύ πιαηζίνπ, ν άλζξσπνο ζα επηζηξέςεη ζηα πξαγκαηηθά πξνβιήκαηα θαη ζηόρνπο ηεο δσήο ηνπ θαη ζα απνζπλδέζεη ηελ επηπρία από ηελ θαηαλάισζε. Δπνκέλσο θξίλεηαη απαξαίηεηε λα ζεζπηζηεί θώδηθαο δενληνινγίαο γηα ηελ δηαθήκηζε. Δπίζεο, ε επηπιένλ θνξνινγία ησλ δηαθεκηζηώλ ζα ηελ αθόκε έλαο πνιύ θαιόο θαη απνηειεζκαηηθόο ηξόπνο λα ιηγνζηέςνπλ νη δηαθεκίζεηο. πκπεξαζκαηηθά, ε δηαθήκηζε, δεκηνπξγεί ζηνλ άλζξσπν κηα καλία, ηελ καλία ηνπ θαηαλαισηηζκνύ θαη έρεη σο ζηάζε δσήο ην «έρσ» θαη όρη ην «είκαη», πνπ είλαη ε ζσζηή ζηάζε δσήο θαη πνπ όινη πξέπεη λα έρνπκε. Δπνκέλσο, είλαη αλαγθαίν λα ιάβνπκε δξαζηηθά κέηξα θαζώο ε θνηλσλία καο όιν θαη πεξηζζόηεξν θαηξαθπιάεη ζηα δίθηπα ησλ δηαθεκηζηώλ. Σέινο, εύρνκαη λα επαλαπξνζδηνξηζηνύλ νη αμίεο θαη ηα ηδαληθά θαη ν άλζξσπνο λα απνβάιεη απηό ην όξακα, ηεο θαηαλάισζεο. Καζζηαλή Οξθαλίδνπ 6C 63

64 The PASCAL Chronicle Greek History Κιαζηθή Αζήλα: Ο Κίκωλαο, έλαο ζπνπδαίνο ζηξαηεγόο ηα ληάηα ηνπ δε θαηλόηαλ πσο κηα κέξα ζα θξαηνύζε ζηα ρέξηα ηνπ ηελ ηύρε ηεο Αζήλαο θαη ηεο Διιάδαο. Ζ λαπκαρία όκσο ηεο αιακίλαο, έδσζε ζηνλ Θίκσλα ηελ επθαηξία λα δείμεη ηηο ζηξαηεγηθέο ηνπ αξεηέο, ηελ αληξεία θαη ηνλ παηξησηηζκό ηνπ. Δλώ πξηλ από ηε λαπκαρία πνιινί Αζελαίνη ζεσξνύζαλ ηελ ηαθηηθή ηνπ Θεκηζηνθιή επηθίλδπλε, ε δπλαηή θξίζε ηνπ Θίκσλα είδε ζσζηά ηα πξάγκαηα. Κε ηε ζπληξνθηά ηνπ αλέβεθε ζηελ Αθξόπνιε, αθηέξσζε ηα ραιηλάξηα ηνπ αιόγνπ ηνπ ζηελ παξζέλα Αζελά, πήξε ηελ αζπίδα θαη ηξάβεμε πξνο ηελ Θύπξν θαη πην ζπγθεθξηκέλα ζηε αιακίλα. Κε απηή ηνπ ηελ πξάμε ν Θίκσλαο αλαγλσξίζηεθε σο πνιηηηθόο εγέηεο ζηελ Αζήλα. Δπηθεθαιήο ηνπ ειιεληθνύ ζηόινπ, κεηά ηελ πξνδνζία ηνπ Παπζαλία, έδησμε ηνπο Πέξζεο από ηε Καθεδνλία, ηε Θξάθε, ηα ζηελά ηνπ Διιεζπόληνπ θαη ν δξόκνο γηα ηα ειιεληθά εκπνξηθά πινία ήηαλ αλνηθηόο πξνο ηνλ Δύμεηλν Πόλην. Ο Θίκσλαο ζπλάληεζε θαη θαηαλαπκάρεζε ηνλ πεξζηθό ζηόιν ζηηο εθβνιέο ηνπ πνηακνύ Δπξπκέδνληα. Ακέζσο κεηά ζπλάληεζε θαη θαηαλίθεζε ην θνηληθηθό ζηόιν, πνπ εξρόηαλ ζε βνήζεηα ησλ Πεξζώλ. Κε ηηο λίθεο ηνπ Θίκσλα νη Έιιελεο θπξηάξρεζαλ ζε νιόθιεξν ην Αηγαίν. Ο Θίκσλαο δελ εθκεηαιιεύηεθε ηε δόμα ηνπ γηα ηε δηθή ηνπ σθέιεηα θαη ζπκθέξνληα. Πιήξσζε από ηελ πεξηνπζία ηνπ ην πξόζηηκν ησλ πελήληα ηαιάλησλ, πνπ νη Αζελαίνη είραλ επηβάιεη ζηνλ παηέξα ηνπ, έδσζε όια ηα ιάθπξα ζηελ πόιε, γηα λα ρηηζηνύλ λανί θαη λα γίλνπλ θη άιια δεκόζηα έξγα. Ζ αξραία Αζήλα είρε όιεο ηηο αξεηέο θη όιεο ηηο αδπλακίεο ηεο θαιήο δεκνθξαηίαο. Θαηεγόξεζαλ ινηπόλ ηνλ Θίκσλα, όηη δελ επηηέζεθε ελαληίνλ ησλ Καθεδόλσλ θαη όηη δσξνδνθήζεθε. Σειηθά αζσώζεθε, αιιά εμνζηξαθίζηεθε ζε άιιε πεξίπησζε. ίγνπξα ν Θίκσλαο αγσλίζηεθε γηα ηελ ελόηεηα ηνπ ειιεληζκνύ θαη όρη κόλν γηα ην θαιό ηεο Αζήλαο. Αιέμαλδξνο Γεωξγίνπ 4Δ Σα πξώηα ρξόληα ηεο Αγγινθξαηίαο ζηελ Κύπξν: νη εζληθέο δηεθδηθήζεηο Ζ ζπλείδεζε ηεο εζληθήο ηαπηόηεηαο ππήξμε έληνλε ζηηο βαζαληζκέλεο ςπρέο ησλ Θππξίσλ θαηά ηε δηάξθεηα ηεο καθξαίσλεο ηζηνξίαο ηνπο. Έηζη, όηαλ έγηλε ην 1878 ε θαηάιεςε ηεο Θύπξνπ από ηε Βξεηαλία ε ζξεζθεπηηθή εγεζία ηνπ θππξηαθνύ ιανύ δήισζε ζηνλ Ύπαην Αξκνζηή όηη ε αγγιηθή θαηνρή ζα ήηαλ κηα κεηαβαηηθή πεξίνδνο θαη όηη νη Θύπξηνη πίζηεπαλ όηη νη Άγγινη ζα παξαρσξνύζαλ ηελ Θύπξν ζηε κεηέξα Διιάδα όπσο έπξαμαλ θαη κε ηα Δπηάλεζα. Γξήγνξα όκσο ην αίηεκα ηεο έλσζεο ηνπ λεζηνύ κε ηελ Διιάδα εμειίρζεθε ζε εζληθό ηδαληθό θαη κόληκν ζηόρν ησλ θαηνίθσλ ηνπ λεζηνύ, αθνύ ε Διιάδα σο θξαηηθή νληόηεηα απνηεινύζε πιένλ ηνλ πόιν έιμεο ηνπ θάζε Θύπξηνπ παηξηώηε. Ο ελσηηθόο αγώλαο ηνπ πνιύπαζνπ θππξηαθνύ ειιεληζκνύ δηεμαγόηαλ ζε δύν επίπεδα. Σν πξώην ήηαλ ε πξνβνιή ηνπ αηηήκαηνο ηνπ θππξηαθνύ ιανύ γηα έλσζε κε ηελ Διιάδα κε θάζε δπλαηό ηξόπν. Έηζη, νη Θύπξηνη δελ άθελαλ λα πάεη ρακέλε θακηά επθαηξία γηα λα εθδειώζνπλ ηα εζληθά ζπλαηζζήκαηά ηνπο είηε κε ζπιιαιεηήξηα, είηε κε ςεθίζκαηα θαη ππνκλήκαηα πνπ απνζηέιινληαλ ζην Ινλδίλν κε ζθνπό λα πξνβάιινπλ ην δίθαην αίηεκα ηνπ θππξηαθνύ ιανύ αιιά θαη λα θηλεηνπνηήζνπλ ηελ βξεηαληθή θνηλή γλώκε. Σν δεύηεξν επίπεδν ηνπ αγώλα ήηαλ ε ζπκκεηνρή ησλ Θππξίσλ εζεινληώλ ζηνπο πνιέκνπο πνπ αλαιάκβαλε ε Διιάδα κε ζθνπό ηελ απειεπζέξσζε ειιεληθώλ εδαθώλ. Αξθεηνί κάιηζηα από απηνύο ηνπο εζεινληέο πνιεκώληαο γελλαία ζην πιεπξό ησλ Διιήλσλ αδειθώλ ηνπο πξόζθεξαλ θαη ηελ ίδηα ηνπο ηε δσή ζηνπο απειεπζεξσηηθνύο εθείλνπο αγώλεο. Σν αίηεκα ησλ Διιελνθππξίσλ γηα ηελ έλσζε ηεο Θύπξνπ κε ηελ Διιάδα αξρηθά απνξξηπηόηαλ δηπισκαηηθά από ηε βξεηαληθή θπβέξλεζε κε ην πξόζρεκα όηη ε Θύπξνο αλήθεη ζηελ Οζσκαληθή Απηνθξαηνξία θη απαληνύζαλ ζηεξεόηππα. Σν αίηεκα ηεο έλσζεο απνθιείζηεθε νξηζηηθά θαη ακεηάθιεηα από ηελ Αγγιία κεηά ηελ αλαθήξπμε ηεο Θύπξνπ ζε απνηθία ηνπ ζηέκκαηνο ην Ζ απνηθηαθή πνιηηηθή πνπ ζέιεζε λα εθαξκόζεη ζην λεζί ν θπβεξλήηεο ζεξ Ρόλαιλη ηνξο, ε νηθνλνκηθή εμαζιίσζε πνπ επηθξαηνύζε θαζώο θαη ε απνγνήηεπζε πνπ θπξίεπζε ηνπο Θππξίνπο όηαλ αληηιήθζεθαλ όηη ην αίηεκά ηνπο γηα εζληθή απνθαηάζηαζε δε ζα γηλόηαλ πξαγκαηηθόηεηα, νδήγεζαλ ζηελ εζληθή εμέγεξζε ηνπ 1931, ηα γλσζηά Οθησβξηαλά, πνπ ήηαλ κία απζόξκεηε εμέγεξζε ησλ Θππξίσλ ελαληίνλ ηνπ θαηαθηεηή. Κπνξεί ν πόζνο ηεο έλσζεο λα κελ πξαγκαηνπνηήζεθε αιιά νη Θύπξηνη έδεημαλ ηελ αθιόλεηε ζέιεζή ηνπο λα ζπλερίζνπλ ηνλ εζληθό ηνπο αγώλα θαη πσο είλαη έηνηκνη λ αληηδξάζνπλ κε ζπζίεο ζηνλ αθειιεληζκό πνπ πξνζπάζεζαλ λα πεξάζνπλ ζην λεζί νη απνηθηνθξάηεο. Ιωάλλα Παύινπ 5Δ 64

65 Religious Knowledge ΓΙΑ ΥΡΙΣΟΝ ΑΛΟΙ ην Υξηζηηαληζκό ππάξρνπλ πνιιέο κνξθέο αζθεηηζκνύ θαη πνιινί αζθεηέο έγηλαλ γλσζηνί γηα ηνλ ηξόπν ηεο άζθεζεο ηνπο. Οη δηα Υξηζηό αινί ήηαλ αζθεηέο πνπ επέιεμαλ λα δείμνπλ κέζα από ηελ «ηξέιια» ηνπο, ηελ πίζηε ηνπο ζην Θεό. Ζ εξγαζία απηή ζηνρεύεη ζηελ παξνπζίαζε ησλ αλζξώπσλ απηώλ,ησλ δηα Υξηζηό αιώλ, νη νπνίνη θαζηεξώζεθαλ θαηά ηνλ 6ν αηώλα κ.υ. Ο εμηξεκηζκόο ζηελ ζξεζθεία είλαη θάηη πνπ ππεξβαίλεη ηα όξηα ησλ λνκνζεηεκέλσλ νξίσλ, έηζη θαη νη δηα Υξηζηό αινί ππεξβαίλνπλ ηα θνηλσληθά όξηα, θεληξίδνληαο ηα ιάζε ησλ αλζξώπσλ, πξνζθέξνληαο ειπίδα πίζηε θαη αγάπε. Οη αινί είλαη θαιόγεξνη πνπ θαηεβαίλνπλ ζηηο πόιεηο θαη ζπλαλαζηξέθνληαη κε πεξηζσξηαθνύο αλζξώπνπο πξνζθέξνληαο ηνπο ειπίδα γηα δσή θαη θαινζύλε. Όκσο ηηο πεξηζζόηεξεο θνξέο θάλνπλ α- θξαηέο πξάμεηο γηα λα ζηξέςνπλ ηελ πξνζνρή ησλ αλζξώπσλ ζε απηνύο θαη λα θαλεξώζνπλ αιήζεηεο ηηο νπνίεο ε θνηλσληθή ζπκβαηηθόηεηα έρεη θαηαπλίμεη. ηα πιαίζηα ηνπ καζήκαηνο αθνύζακε έλα ηξαγνύδη ην νπνίν ηαίξηαδε κε ην ζπγθεθξηκέλν θεθάιαην. Σν ηξαγνύδη απηό είλαη ην «Θαιώο ήξζεο παξάμελε ζηνλ ηόπν κνπ» από ην ζπγθξόηεκα Active Member. ην ηξαγνύδη απηό ν Υξηζηόο παξνπζηάδεηαη ζαλ ζαιόο, πξνζπαζώληαο λα κηιήζεη κε πεξηζσξηαθνύο αλζξώπνπο, δίλνληαο ηνπο ζπκβνπιέο. Κέξνο θαθόθεκν, αθόκα θαη γηα ην ζηνραζκό κνπ πνπ νύηε θαη ν θόβνο δε κε θέξλεη ζην όλεηξν κνπ Οη αινί κπαίλνπλ ζε ηόπνπο ζηνπο νπνίνπο δελ ζπρλάδνπλ αμηνπξεπείο άλζξσπνη, ζε θαθόθεκεο ζπλνηθίεο γηα λα πιεζηάζνπλ ηνπο απόθιεξνπο θαη λα ηνπο βνεζήζνπλ. πγρώξεζε κε ιηγάθη γηα ηνλ ηξόπν κνπ κα κε βξήθεο ζηελ αγθαιία ηεο ληξνπήο Οη πεξηζσξηαθνί άλζξσπνη θαίλεηαη λα ληξέπνληαη γηα ηελ θαηάληηα ηνπο, ράλνπλ ηηο ειπίδεο ηνπο θαη ίζσο λα ρξεηάδνληαη πξαγκαηηθά ηελ βνήζεηα ησλ ζαιώλ. Κε θέξαλ πίζσ δπλαηέο θσλέο θαη θάπνηεο ηύςεηο πνπ κνπ είπαλ πσο εδώ θνληά έρσ γελλεζεί θαη έρσ πεζαλεη ρίιηεο θνξέο Δδώ ν Υξηζηόο επηζηξέθεη, πξνζπαζώληαο λα αλαγλσξίζεη ηηο θσλέο ησλ αλζξώπσλ πνπ δεηνύλ ηελ βνήζεηα ηνπ. Οη άιινη παίμαλε καδί κνπ ζηνπο αηώλεο απηνθξάηνξα κε ρξηζαλε κε θάλαλ ζηξαηεγό, ηα απιά κνπ ιόγηα ηα ζθόξπηζαλ ζαλ θαλόλεο θαη δελ ήμεξα ηίπνηα εγώ ηνπο πην πάλσ ζηίρνπο κηιάεη ν Υξηζηνο, κε έλα ηξόπν πνπ ζίγνπξα ζα μππλνύζε ηηο ζπλεηδήζεηο ησλ αλζξώπσλ. Παξνπζηάδεη κε ηξόπν ξεαιηζηηθό ζηνλ απόθιεξν ηεο θνηλσλίαο, πσο ηνπ ζπκπεξηθέξζεθαλ απηνί πνπ δήζελ πίζηεςαλ ζε Απηόλ. Σα απιά ιόγηα ηνπ Υξηζηνύ, ηα έθαλαλ λα θαίλνληαη ζαλ θαλόλεο, ράλνληαο ην πξαγκαηηθό λόεκα ησλ ιόγσλ Σνπ. Ο Υξηζηόο, δίδαμε ηελ αγάπε γηα όινπο αλεμαηξέησο ηνπο αλζξώπνπο, ρσξίο λα θνβεζεί ηα θνηλσληθά ζηεξεόηππα ηεο επνρήο ηνπ. Παίξλνληαο παξάδεηγκα από ηνλ ίδην ηνλ Υξηζηό αιιά θαη από ηνλ ηξόπν δσήο ησλ ζαιώλ, ίζσο πξέπεη θαη εκείο ζπάδνληαο ηα θνηλσληθά θαηεζηεκέλα λα πξνζθέξνπκε αγάπε, ειπίδα θαη βνήζεηα ζηνπο «πεξηζσξηαθνύο»,θαη όρη κόλν, ζπλαλζξώπνπο καο. Νηθνιέηηα Γαβξία 6C Άληξε Κπξηάθνπ 6C 65

66 The PASCAL Chronicle SMART PROBLEM A group of four people has to cross a bridge. It is dark, and they have to light the path with a flashlight. No more than two people can cross the bridge simultaneously, and the group has only one flashlight. It takes different time for the people in the group to cross the bridge: Annie crosses the bridge in 1 minute, Bob crosses the bridge in 2 minutes, Catherine crosses the bridge in 5 minutes, Dorothy crosses the bridge in 10 minutes. How can the group cross the bridge in 17 minutes? ANSWER Move 1 Annie + Bob cross the bridge together time = 2 minutes Move 2 Bob goes back time = 4 minutes Move 3 Catherine + Dorothy cross the bridge together time = 14 minutes Move 4 Annie goes back time = 15 minutes Move 5 Annie + Bob cross the bridge together time = 17 minutes Nicoletta Koursari 1C ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ A TRICKY PROBLEM It was Christmas Day. In our house we organized a party to celebrate Christmas. There were 20 guests in our house. How many handshakes were exchanged between our guests? ANSWER 190 handshakes Anna Stephanou 1C ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ KenKen KenKen is an arithmetic and logic puzzle invented in The aim of each puzzle is to fill a grid with digits, so that no digit appears more than once in any row or column. KenKen grids are divided into heavily outlined groups of cells often called cages and the numbers in the cells of each cage must produce a certain target number when combined using a specified mathematical operation (either addition, subtraction, multiplication or division). Digits may be repeated within a cage, as long as they are not in the same row or column. Let s see how good your arithmetic and logic is. Try to complete the following KenKen problem using the numbers 1 to 6. Once you tried check your answers: Natasa Antoniou 3C 66

67 FIND THE HIDDEN WORDS Rafailia Koupepidou 1B Brain Teaser A man wanted to get into his work building, but he had forgotten his code. However, he did remember five clues. These are what those clues were: The fifth number plus the third number equals fourteen. The fourth number is one more than the second number. The first number is one less than twice the second number. The second number plus the third number equals ten. The sum of all five numbers is 30. What were the five numbers and in what order? ANSWER 7, 4, 6, 5, 8 Christina Skordou 2E 67

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