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3 ( ) ( ; 1981 ; Bhaud et al ) ( ; Mileikovsky 197a ) (Thorson 1946; Schram 1968; Rasmussen 1973; Blanner 198; 198; ; ; Kulikova et al 1; 5) ( 1997) ( 1977; 1978; 1979) ( )

4 - : 1 ; ; 3 ; 4 ; 5 ; 93 7

5 ( 1); V ( ); " XXI " ( ); ( ); / - ( ) 1 (9 3 )

6 ( 1) 1 3 I 4 5 II IV III 1 - : I - ; II - ; III (1) (); IV : (3) (4) (5) ( 1) ?116 N 131?546 E ( 1 1)

7 II XII I XII I V VI X VI X VIII IX V XI IV V VII VIII VI IX IX IX VI VIII IX V VII X VIII 1 VI VII XII 1 1 VII X (Shannon Weaver 1963) 1974): ( ) Z H= i*ln i D=(Z 1) logn i=1 Z i N (H) (D) (Margalef

8 Bivalvia Polychaeta ( ) - ( ) ( ) : I II III IV V VI VII ( ) I - II III IV V VI VII

9 - ( 1) Bivalvia Gastropoda Polychaeta Cirripedia ( ) 4 (Thorson 1946; Schram 1968; Rasmussen 1973; Blanner 198; 198; ) ( ) Bivalvia Gastropoda Echinodermata Polychaeta Cirripedia / I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Mytilus trossulus M coruscus Crenomytilus grayanus Modiolus kurilensis Musculista senhousia Adula falcatoides Mytilidae gen spp Crassostrea gigas Arca boucardii Mizuhopecten yessoensis Chlamys farreri Chlamys swifti Hiatella arctica Kellia japonica Kelliidae gen spp Siliqua alta

10 / I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Mysella sp Cardiidae gen sp Macoma baltica Tellinidae gen spp Protothaca euglipta Ruditapes philippinarum Veneridae gen spp Solen krusensterni + + Mactra chinensis Spisula sachalinensis Mactridae gen sp Mya japonica Myidae gen spp Zirfea pilsbryii Barnea sp + + Pholadidae gen spp Teredo navalis Bankia setacea Bivalvia gen spp Bivalvia Alaba vladivostokensis Littorina spp Epheria spp Caecidae gen spp Prosobranchia gen spp Opistobranchia gen spp Gastropoda Harmothoe imbricata Pholoe minuta + + Polynoidae gen spp + Prionospio sp Polydora spp Dipolydora sp Polydora cf ciliata Pseudopolydora kempi P paucibranchiata Aonides oxicephala + + Nerine spp Scolelepis sp Spionidae gen spp Capitella capitata Heteromastus sp Polygordius sp Scoloplos sp Chaetopteridae gen spp Glyceridae gen spp Hesionidae gen spp Magelonidae gen sp Nephtiidae gen sp + + Nereidae gen spp Pectinariidae gen spp Pilargidae gen spp Phyllodocidae gen spp Owenidae gen spp Polychaeta gen spp

11 / I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Polychaeta Balanus crenatus B improvisus B rostratus Hesperibalanus hesperius Semibalanus cariosus Chthamalus dalli Rhizocephala gen spp Cirripedia Strongylocentrotus nudus S intermedius Echinocardium cordatum Scaphechinus mirabilis S griseus + + Echinarachnius parma Echinoidea gen spp Ophiura sarsi Amphipholis kochii Patiria pectinifera Asteriidae gen spp Luididae gen spp + Echinodermata Decapoda gen spp Phoronida gen spp Nemertini gen spp Actinaria gen spp Polycladida gen spp * : Decapoda Phoronida Nemertini Actinaria Polycladida Polychaeta Bivalvia -

12 Bivalvia Gastropoda Echinodermata Polychaeta Cirripedia (Thorson 1946; Ukeles 1975; Hansen 1991; Yokouchi 1991) Polychaeta Cirripedia Bivalvia Gastropoda Echinodermata ( - ) - ( 3) 3 / I I III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII 1997 I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII /

13 1996 ( 3) Harmothoe imbricata Scolelepis sp Capitella capitata ( 1394 / / 3 ) Littorina Mya japonica Mytilus trossulus Veneridae gen spp 1996 Crassostrea gigas Veneridae Balanus rostratus % II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Bivalvia Gastropoda Polychaeta Cirripedia Echinodermata I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII 4 (%) ( 3) B rostratus 75% 1996

14 ( 4) - ( 5) % VI VII VIII IX X VI VII VIII IX X VI VII VIII IX X VI VII VIII Bivalvia Gastropoda Polychaeta Cirripedia Echinodermata 5 (%) imbricata Scolelepis sp - Capitella capitata H Littorina spp Mya japonica Mytilus trossulus Veneridae - Alaba vladivostokensis Ophiura sarsi Echinocardium cordatum B rostratus Polydora spp Dipolydora sp (Dipolydora aff oncharum)

15 - 3 74% (3 1%) (15 74%) ( 6) % II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII VI VII VIII IX X I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII IV V VI VII VIII XI 6 (%) : ( ) 1997 ( ) ; ( ); ( ) (%) ( 7) Gastropoda Bivalvia Echinodermata ( 18 / 3 ) ( 7)

16 I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII (5 ) (6 ) 1 ; ( 15 ) ( 1983; ; ; 1991 ) 18

17 ( ) (Thorson 1946; Schram 1968; Rasmussen 1973; Blanner 198; 198; ) Bivalvia Gastropoda Polychaeta Cirripedia ( ) Bryozoa Echinodermata Phoronida Bivalvia Mytilidae Veneridae Gastropoda Littorina Polychaeta Polydora Dipolydora Pseudopolydora Spionidae Echinodermata E cordatum 6 ( 8) - (1 ) 3

18 ( ) 4 5 ( 8) ( 1 4) ( 5) 5 / 9 / ( 1998; Kulikova et al 1; 4) ( ) 4 : Zn 6 / Cu - 44 / Pb 6 / Cd 34 / 3 ( 1 ) ( 5) 1998 * PO 4 Si NO NO 3 NH - % a / 3 / * » » 57 64» » »

19 ( 3) - - ( 1998; Kulikova et al 1; 4) - ( 1998) ( 1 ) ( 9) 3 / ( 1 4) ( 5)

20 P paucibranchiata (Kulikova et al 1; 4) ( - ) ( ) ( 4)

21 Polydora Pseudopolydora B crenatus M trossulus Bivalvia Gastropoda Polychaeta Cirripedia Echinodermata Nemertini Actinaria Bivalvia Echinodermata 3 Bivalvia Gastropoda Polychaeta Cirripedia Polychaeta 4 Bivalvia Gastropoda Echinodermata Polychaeta Cirripedia 5

22 6 ( ) 3 74% (3 1%) (15 74%) : Polydora Pseudopolydora B crenatus M trossulus 9 Bivalvia Gastropoda Echinodermata Polychaeta Cirripedia ( ) // Tegula rustica //

23 Alaba vladivostokensis // ( ) // Kulikova VA Omelyanenko VA Propp LN Coastal meroplankton of Peter the Great bay (Sea of Japan) under conditions of pollution // Intern Symposium on Oceanography of the East Marginal Seas 1 Vladivostok Russia P // Omelyanenko VA Kulikova VA Composition and seasonal dynamics of the number of meroplankton (Amursky Bay Peter the Great Bay Sea of Japan) // V Larval Biology Meeting Conference program and book of abstracts Universidade de Vigo September P ( ) // 3 : ( ) // ( ) // Omelyanenko VA Kulikova VA Pelagic larvae of Bivalvia Gastropoda and Echinoderms in Amursky Bay (Peter the Great Bay Sea of Japan) // Workshop of the APN Project 4 18 NMY Climate variability and human activities in relation to Northeast Asian land ocean interaction and their implications for coastal zone management Nanjing Chine December P 15-19

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