1 Greek New Testament Vocabulary Use Percentage List Order of Frequency There are 138,020 words in the Greek New Testament consisting of 5,400 unique words (According to BibleWorks9 using Nestle-Aland 27). Below are the 311 most frequently used words comprising 80% of the NT text. WORD DEFINITION GLOSS # in GNT % of GNT 1 ὁ, ἡ, τό (article) the καί and αὐτός, -ή, -ό (3 rd person pronoun) he/she/it σύ (2 nd person pronoun) you δέ and, but ἐν (Dat) in ἐγώ (1 st person pronoun) I εἰμί (to be verb) I am λέγω to speak, say εἰς (Acc) into, to most common words: 37.8% 11 οὐ, οὐκ, οὐχ not ὅς, ἥ, ὅ (relative pronoun) who, which, what οὗτος, αὕτη, τοῦτο this θεός, -οῦ, ὁ God ὅτι that, because (or introduce direct quotation) πᾶς, πᾶσα, πᾶν all, every μή not γάρ for (postpositive particle) Words used times: 44.5% 19 Ἰησοῦς Jesus, Joshua ἐκ, ἐξ (Gen) from, out of ἐπί (Gen) on, upon; (Dat) on, near; (Acc) on, against κύριος, -ου, ὁ Lord, lord, master ἔχω to have πρός (Acc) to, toward; (Dat) at, on; (Gen) for the sake of γίνομαι to become, happen διά (Gen) through; (Acc) because of ἵνα in order that most common words: 50.2% 28 ἀπό (Gen) from, away from ἀλλά but, except ἔρχομαι to come, go ποιέω to make, do τίς, τί (interrogative pronoun) who? which? what?
2 33 ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ human being, person; (pl) humanity, people τὶς, τὶ (indefinite pronoun) anyone/thing, someone/thing Χριστός, -οῦ, ὁ Christ (= Hebrew Messiah = Anointed One) ὡς as, like εἰ if Words used 500+ times: 54.3% 38 οὖν therefore ὁράω to see κατά (Gen) down, against; (Acc) along, at according to μετά (Gen) with; (Acc) after ἀκούω to hear πολύς, πολλή, πολύ much, many δίδωμι to give πατήρ, πατρός, ὁ father ἡμέρα, -ας, ἡ day πνεῦμα, -τος, τό spirit, self; wind; breath υἱός, -οῦ, ὁ son εἷς, μία, ἕν one; single ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ brother ἤ or; than ἐάν if περί (Gen) about; (Acc) around, about λόγος, -ου, ὁ word ἑαυτοῦ, -ῆς, -οῦ (reflexive pronoun) one s self οἶδα to know Words used 300+ times: 59.7% 57 λαλέω to speak, talk, say οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ heaven, sky μαθητής, -οῦ, ὁ disciple, student λαμβάνω to take, receive γῆ, γῆς, ἡ earth, land, ground ἐκεῖνος, -η, -ο that μέγας, μεγάλη, μέγα great, large πίστις, -εως, ἡ faith, trust, belief πιστεύω to believe, trust, have faith; entrust οὐδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν no one, nothing ἅγιος, -α, -ον holy, sacred; (pl) saints ἀποκρίνομαι answer, reply ὄνομα, -τος, τό name γινώσκω to know ὑπό (Gen) by; (Acc) under ἐξέρχομαι to come / go out
3 73 ἀνήρ, ἀνδρός, ὁ man, husband γυνή, -αικός, ἡ woman, wife τέ and δύναμαι to be able to, can οὕτω / οὔτως in this way, thus θέλω to want to, wish to ἰδού behold! look! see! Words used 200+ times: 63.6% 80 Ἰουδαῖος, -α, -ον a Jew; Jewish; Judean εἰσέρχομαι to come / go in νόμος, -ου, ὁ law παρά (Gen) from; (Dat) with, near; (Acc) beside, along γράφω to write κόσμος, -ου, ὁ world, universe καθώς as, just as μέν particle indicating contrast, emphasis or continuation χείρ, χειρός, ἡ hand εὑρίσκω to find, discover ἄγγελος, -ου, ὁ angel, messenger ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ crowd ἁμαρτία, -ας, ἡ a sin, sin ἔργον, -ου, τό work, deed ἄν particle indicating contingency or uncertainty δόξα, -ης, ἡ glory πόλις, -εως, ἡ city βασιλεία, -ας, ἡ dominion, kingdom ἔθνος, -ους, τό nation, people; (pl) Gentiles τότε then Παῦλος, -ου, ὁ Paul most common words in GNT: 66.3% 101 ἐσθίω to eat καρδία, -ας, ἡ heart Πέτρος, -ου, ὁ rock ἄλλος, -η, -ο (an)other χάρις, -ιτος, ἡ grace, kindness, mercy ἵστημι to set, place, establish; (intran) stand πρῶτος, -η, -ον first πορεύομαι to go, proceed, travel; live, walk ὑπέρ (Gen) for, for the sake of; (Acc) over, above, beyond καλέω to call, name; summon νῦν now σάρξ, σαρκός, ἡ flesh
4 113 ἕως until ἐγείρω to raise ὅστις, ἥτις, ὅτι who, which; whoever, whichever προφήτης, -ου, ὁ prophet ἀφίημι to forgive, allow, leave, dismiss ἀγαπάω to love οὐδέ and not, neither, nor λαός, -οῦ, ὁ people σῶμα, -τος, τό body πάλιν again ζάω to live φωνή, -ῆς, ἡ voice, sound δύο two Ἰωάννης, -ου, ὁ John ζωή, -ῆς, ἡ life ἀποστέλλω to send (forth) βλέπω to see ἀμήν amen, truly νεκρός, -ά, -όν dead σύν with δοῦλος, -η, -ον slave ἀγαθός, -ή, -όν good, useful, beneficial ὅταν whenever αἰών, -ῶνος, ὁ an age, eternity ἀρχιερεύς, -έως, ὁ high priest βάλλω to throw θάνατος, -ου, ὁ death δύναμις, -εως, ἡ power, miracle; ability παραδίδωμι to give over; deliver up, arrest; betray μένω to remain, stay ἀπέρχομαι to go away, depart ζητέω to seek ἀγάπη, -ης, ἡ love βασιλεύς, -έως, ὁ king ἐκκλησία, -ας, ἡ church, assembly, gathering ἴδιος, -α, -ον one s own κρίνω judge; condemn; determine μόνος, -η, -ον only οἶκος, -ου, ὁ house, home ἀποθνῄσκω to die ὅσος, -η, -ον as much as, how much ἀλήθεια, -ας, ἡ truth
5 155 μέλλω to be going to, am about to ὅλος, -η, -ον whole, all, complete, entire παρακαλέω to beg, encourage, request, comfort ἀνίστημι to raise; appoint; (intran) rise, stand up, appear σῴζω to save, heal, rescue ὥρα, -ας, ἡ hour, moment, time ὅτε when πῶς how? ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ life (-force), soul, self, person ἐξουσία, -ας, ἡ authority, right καλός, -ή, -όν good, beautiful αἴρω to take (up / away), raise δεῖ it is necessary ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ way, path, road ἀλλήλων, -ους, -ους (reciprocal pronoun) of one another ὀφθαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ eye τίθημι to put, place Words 100+ times in GNT: 72.7% 172 τέκνον, -ου, τό child ἕτερος, -α, -ον other Φαρισαῖος, -ου, ὁ Pharisee ἄρτος, -ου, ὁ bread, loaf αἷμα, -τος, τό blood διδάσκω to teach γεννάω to become parent of, beget, give birth to ἐκεῖ there φοβέομαι fear; reverence περιπατέω walk, go about; live ἐνώπιον (Gen) before, in the presence of τόπος, -ου, ὁ place ἔτι yet, still οἰκία, -ας, ἡ house, household πούς, ποδός, ὁ foot δικαιοσύνη, -ης, ἡ righteousness, justice εἰρήνη, -ης, ἡ peace κάθημαι to sit θάλασσα, -ης, ἡ sea; lake ἀκολουθέω to follow ἀπόλλυμι to destroy; (mid) perish πίπτω to fall μηδείς, μηδεμία, no one / thing μηδέν 0.06
6 195 ἑπτά seven οὔτε not, no, nor ἄρχω to rule; (mid) begin πληρόω fill, fulfill προσέρχομαι to come / go to καιρός, -οῦ, ὁ (proper) time, season most common words in GNT: 74.7E% 201 προσεύχομαι to pray καί+ἐγώ = κἀγὼ and I μήτηρ, -τρος, ἡ mother ὥστε so that, that ἀναβαίνω to go up, ascend ἕκαστος, -η, -ον each ὅπου where ἐκβάλλω to throw / cast out καταβαίνω to go down, descend μᾶλλον more, rather ἀπόστολος, -ου, ὁ apostle Μωϋσῆς, -έως, ὁ Moses δίκαιος, -α, -ον righteous, just πέμπω to send ὑπάγω to go, go away, go back πονηρός, -ά, -όν evil, wicked στόμα, -τος, τό mouth ἀνοίγω to open βαπτίζω to baptize Ἰερουσαλήμ, ἡ Jerusalem σημεῖον, -ου, τό (miraculous) sign εὐαγγέλιον, -ου, -ν good news, Gospel μαρτυρέω to witness, testify πρόσωπον, -ου, τό face ὕδωρ, ὕδατος, τό water δώδεκα twelve κεφαλή, -ῆς, ἡ head Σίμων, -ωνος, ὁ Simon ἀποκτείνω to kill χαίρω to rejoice ἐμός, -ή, -όν (possessive adjective) my, mine Ἀβραάμ, ὁ Abraham φῶς, -φωτός, τό light πίνω to drink ἱερόν, -οῦ, τό temple
7 236 αἰώνιος, -ον eternal πῦρ, -ός, τό fire αἰτέω to ask, request τηρέω to keep, observe, guard ἄγω to lead, bring, go τρεῖς, -τρία three Ἰσραήλ, ὁ Israel ῥῆμα, -τος, τό word, saying, matter σάββατον, -ου, τό Sabbath; (pl) week ἐντολή, -ῆς, ἡ command πιστός, -ή, -όν faithful, trustworthy, believing πλοῖον, -ου, τό boat ἀπολύω to release, set free, dismiss φέρω to bring, carry φημί to say καρπός, -οῦ, ὁ fruit πρεσβύτερος, -α, -ον elder most common words GNT: 77.5% 253 εἴτε if, whether δαιμόνιον, -ου, τό demon ἔξω out, outside ἐρωτάω to ask γραμματεύς, -έως, ὁ scribe (Jewish legal expert) ὄρος, -ους, τό mountain, hill δοκέω to think, suppose, seem Ἱεροσόλυμα, τό Jerusalem θέλημα, -τος, τό wish, will θρόνος, -ου, ὁ throne ἀγαπητός, -ή, -όν beloved δοξάζω to glorify Γαλιλαία, -ας, ἡ Galilee ἤδη already κακός, -ή, -όν bad, evil κηρύσσω to proclaim, preach νύξ, -νυκτός, ἡ night ὧδε here ἱμάτιον, -ου, τό garment, clothing, cloak προσκυνέω to worship ὑπάρχω to be ἀσπάζομαι to greet, welcome χαρά, -ᾶς, ἡ joy Δαυίδ, ὁ David
8 277 διδάσκαλος, -ου, ὁ teacher εὐθύς, -εῖα, -ύ immediately λίθος, -ου, ὁ stone συνάγω to gather μέσος, -η, -ον middle, midst θεωρέω to see, watch, observe τοιοῦτος, -αύτη, - such, of such kind οῦτον δέχομαι to receive, accept, take ἐπερωτάω to ask, ask for μηδέ nor, and not συναγωγή, -ῆς, ἡ synagogue, assembly τρίτος, -η, -ον third ἀρχή, -ῆς, ἡ beginning, origin, ruler κράζω to cry out λοιπός, -ή, -όν rest, remaining (adj) Πιλᾶτος, -ου, ὁ Pilate χρόνος, -ου, ὁ time δεξιός, -ά, -όν right (in contrast to left) εὐαγγελίζω to bring / preach good news Μαρία, -ας Mary οὐχί no, not διό therefore ἐλπίς, -ίδος, ἡ hope ὅπως in order that, that ἔσχατος, -η, -ον last ἐπαγγελία, -ας, ἡ promise παιδίον, -ου, τό (little) child, infant πείθω to persuade, convince; (pass) obey, trust σπείρω to sow σοφία, -ας, ἡ wisdom γλῶσσα, -ης, ἡ tongue, language γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ Scripture, writing μακάριος, -α, -ον blessed, favored, fortunate, happy παραβολή, -ῆς, ἡ parable τυφλός, -ή, -όν blind Words used 50+ times in GNT: 79.9%