Croy Lesson 18. First Declension. THIRD Declension. Second Declension. SINGULAR PLURAL NOM -α / -η [-ης]* -αι. GEN -ας / -ης [-ου]* -ων

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1 Croy Lesson 18 First Declension SINGULAR PLURAL NOM -α / -η [-ης]* -αι GEN -ας / -ης [-ου]* -ων DAT -ᾳ / -ῃ -αις ACC -αν / -ην -ας VOC -α / -η -αι *Masculine Nouns of First Declension Second Declension SINGULAR PLURAL NOM -ος / -ον -οι / -α GEN -ου -ων DAT -ῳ -οις ACC -ον / -ον -ους / -α VOC -ε / -ον -οι / -α THIRD Declension SINGULAR PLURAL NOM -**- [**] -ες / -εις [-α ] GEN -ος / -ως / -ους -ων DAT -ι -σι ACC -α / -ιν [**] -ας / -εις [-α ] ** = These endings vary in the Third Declension [ ] = Neuter forms of Third Declension 1

2 A participle is a verbal adjective Like a verb: Expresses action Has tense (indicating kind of action and relative time) and voice Like an adjective Has gender, number, case Relates to (agrees with) a pro/noun or implied subject [or functions as a substantive] A participle is a verbal adjective In English, participles are verbs ending in ING Learning Greek, a person also learns about English. While learning, UTC of learning > ADVERBIAL The student was learning Greek. SUPPLEMENTARY with verb of being The student learning Greek is going crazy. The student who is learning > ADJECTIVE Learning Greek is fun! Adjective on its own > SUBSTANTIVE FORMATION OF 2

3 STEM: same as for INDIC verbs never augmented reduplication with PF changed stem for 2AOR, 2PF, and some FUT TENSE CODES: same as for INDIC verbs Present: -- Future: σ Aorist Active: σα (or changed stem) Aorist Passive: θε (or changed stem) Perfect: κ NO Imperfect or Pluperfect Ptcps! THEME VOWELS: similar to those for INDIC verbs 3

4 οντος G N C T V οµενῃ G N C T V λεκοτες G N C T V λεµενοις G N C T V 4

5 Present Active Participles Present Active Participles ντ σ ντ ντ σ ντ ντ σ ντ ντ σ ντ ντ σ ντ ντ σ ντ ντ σ ντ ντ σ ντ Present Active Participles Present Active Participles ο ντς ου σα ο ντ ων ουσα ον ο ντος ου σης ο ντος οντος ουσης οντος ο ντι ου σῃ ο ντι οντι ουσῃ οντι ο ντα ου σαν ο ντ οντα ουσαν ον ο ντες ου σαι ο ντα οντες ουσαι οντα ο ντων ου σων ο ντων οντων ουσων οντων ο ντσι(ν) ου σαις ο ντσι(ν) ουσι(ν) ουσαις ουσι(ν) ο ντας ου σας ο ντα οντας ουσας οντα 5

6 Present MID/PASS/DEP Participles Present MID/PASS/DEP Participles Present MID/PASS/DEP Participles ος ου ῳ ον οι ων οις ους η ης ῃ ην αι ων αις ας ον ου ῳ ον α ων οις α 6

7 7 Present MID/PASS/DEP Participles οµενα οµενας οµενους οµενοις οµεναις οµενοις οµενων οµενων οµενων οµενα οµεναι οµενοι οµενον οµενην οµενον οµενῳ οµενῃ οµενῳ οµενου οµενης οµενου οµενον οµενη οµενος Present Active Participles οντα ουσας οντας ουσι(ν) ουσαις ουσι(ν) οντων ουσων οντων οντα ουσαι οντες ον ουσαν οντα οντι ουσῃ οντι οντος ουσης οντος ον ουσα ων οντα ουσας οντας ουσι(ν) ουσαις ουσι(ν) οντων ουσων οντων οντα ουσαι οντες ον ουσαν οντα οντι ουσῃ οντι οντος ουσης οντος ον ουσα ων Present Participle of εἰµί ὄντα οὔσας ὄντας οὖσι(ν) οὔσαις οὖσι(ν) ὄντων οὐσῶν ὄντων ὄντα οὖσαι ὄντες ὄν οὖσαν ὄντα ὄντι οὔσῃ ὄντι ὄντος οὔσης ὄντος ὄν οὖσα ὤν

8 Lesson 18 - Vocabulary Participles for the following verbs in PTCP mood GNDR M F N NMBR S, P CASE NGDA TENSE Pres, Fut, Impf, Aor, Perf, Plpf VOICE Act, Mid, Dep, Pass Rough Transl. 1 οντας 2 οµενης 3 ουσας 4 πιστευων 5 προσευχοµενη 6 ἐσθιον 7 βαπτιζοµεναις 8 λεγων 9 λεγοντες 10 λογιζοµενος Croy 18 - Exercises Participle Analysis Sheet Quiz on Tuesday Participle Analysis: 4 ptcps: GNC-TV; rough translation Know vocab from Lesson 18 8

NOM -**- [**] -ες / -εις [-α ] GEN -ος / -ως / -ους -ων. DAT -ι -σι. ACC -α / -ιν [**] -ας / -εις [-α ]

NOM -**- [**] -ες / -εις [-α ] GEN -ος / -ως / -ους -ων. DAT -ι -σι. ACC -α / -ιν [**] -ας / -εις [-α ] Croy Lesson 18 First Declension SINGULAR PLURAL NOM -α / -η [-ης]* -αι GEN -ας / -ης [-ου]* -ων DAT -ᾳ / -ῃ -αις ACC -αν / -ην -ας VOC -α / -η -αι *Masculine Nouns of First Declension Second Declension

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