Perfect Participles. A lesson for the Paideia web-app Ian W. Scott, 2015

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1 Perfect Participles A lesson for the Paideia web-app Ian W. Scott, 2015

2 Remember the Components of a Participle Stem Tense marker Connecting vowel Voice indicator Case ending Resulting form λυ σ α ντ ος λυσαντος εἰπ - ο μεν ῳ εἰπομενῳ ἐνεγκ - ο υσ ην ἐνεγκουσην

3 Components of a 1 st Perfect Active Participle Verb Stem Tense marker Conn. vowel Voice indicator Case ending Genitive singular form λελυ κ ο τ ος λελυκοτος λελυ κ υ ι ας λελυκυιας

4 1 st Perfect Active Participle: Singular Example nom. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος gen. λελυκοτος λελυκυιας λελυκοτος dat. λελυκοτι λελυκυιᾳ λελυκοτι acc. λελυκοτα λελυκυιαν λελυκος voc. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος

5 1 st Perfect Active Participle: Singular Example nom. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος gen. λελυκοτος λελυκυιας λελυκοτος dat. λελυκοτι λελυκυιᾳ λελυκοτι acc. λελυκοτα λελυκυιαν λελυκος voc. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος

6 1 st Perfect Active Participle: Singular Example nom. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος gen. λελυκοτος λελυκυιας λελυκοτος dat. λελυκοτι λελυκυιᾳ λελυκοτι acc. λελυκοτα λελυκυιαν λελυκος voc. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος

7 1 st Perfect Active Participle: Singular Example nom. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος gen. λελυκοτος λελυκυιας λελυκοτος dat. λελυκοτι λελυκυιᾳ λελυκοτι acc. λελυκοτα λελυκυιαν λελυκος voc. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος

8 1 st Perfect Active Participle: Singular Example nom. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος gen. λελυκοτος λελυκυιας λελυκοτος dat. λελυκοτι λελυκυιᾳ λελυκοτι acc. λελυκοτα λελυκυιαν λελυκος voc. λελυκως λελυκυια λελυκος

9 The Feminine Voice Indicator Basic voice indicator is -εσ- Except in perfect tense Tense Conn. vowel Voice indicator Combined form Present ο εσ ουσ λυουσα Aorist Active α εσ ασ λυσασα Aorist Passive ε εσ εισ λυθεισα Nominative feminine participle Perfect Active υ ι υι λελυκυια

10 1 st Perfect Active Participle: Plural Example nom. λελυκοτες λελυκυιαι λελυκοτα gen. λελυκοτων λελυκυιων λελυκοτων dat. λελυκοσι(ν) λελυκυιαις λελυκοσι(ν) acc. λελυκοτας λελυκυιας λελυκοτα voc. λελυκοτες λελυκυιαι λελυκοτα

11 1 st Perfect Active Participle: Plural Example nom. λελυκοτες λελυκυιαι λελυκοτα gen. λελυκοτων λελυκυιων λελυκοτων dat. λελυκοσι(ν) λελυκυιαις λελυκοσι(ν) acc. λελυκοτας λελυκυιας λελυκοτα voc. λελυκοτες λελυκυιαι λελυκοτα

12 1 st Perfect Active Participle: Plural Example nom. λελυκοτες λελυκυιαι λελυκοτα gen. λελυκοτων λελυκυιων λελυκοτων dat. λελυκοσι(ν) λελυκυιαις λελυκοσι(ν) acc. λελυκοτας λελυκυιας λελυκοτα voc. λελυκοτες λελυκυιαι λελυκοτα

13 Components of Perfect Mid/Pass Participle Verb Stem Tense marker Conn. vowel Voice indicator Case ending Genitive singular form λελυ - - μεν ου λελυμενου λελυ - - μεν ης λελυμενης

14 Perfect Mid/Pass Participle: Sing. Example nom. λελυμενος λελυμενη λελυμενον gen. λελυμενου λελυμενης λελυμενου dat. λελυμενῳ λελυμενῃ λελυμενῳ acc. λελυμενον λελυμενην λελυμενον voc. λελυμενε λελυμενη λελυμενον

15 Perfect Mid/Pass Participle: Sing. Example nom. λελυμενος λελυμενη λελυμενον gen. λελυμενου λελυμενης λελυμενου dat. λελυμενῳ λελυμενῃ λελυμενῳ acc. λελυμενον λελυμενην λελυμενον voc. λελυμενε λελυμενη λελυμενον

16 Perfect Mid/Pass Participle: Plural Example nom. λελυμενοι λελυμεναι λελυμενα gen. λελυμενων λελυμενων λελυμενων dat. λελυμενοις λελυμεναις λελυμενοις acc. λελυμενους λελυμενας λελυμενα voc. λελυμενοι λελυμεναι λελυμενα

17 Perfect Mid/Pass Participle: Plural Example nom. λελυμενοι λελυμεναι λελυμενα gen. λελυμενων λελυμενων λελυμενων dat. λελυμενοις λελυμεναις λελυμενοις acc. λελυμενους λελυμενας λελυμενα voc. λελυμενοι λελυμεναι λελυμενα

18 Meaning of the Perfect Participle Regular participial uses with perfect aspect Adjectival ὁ λελυμενος, the one who has been loosed ἡ βεβληκυια γυνη, the woman who has thrown Adverbial ἐληλυθως, because he has come (causal) βεβαπτισμενη, after she has been baptized (temporal) κεκλημενος, so that he has been called (purpose) λελυκυια, although she has released (concessive) etc....

19 2 nd Perfect Active Participle: Sing. Example nom. ἐληλυθως ἐληλυθυια ἐληλυθος gen. ἐληλυθοτος ἐληλυθυιας ἐληλυθοτος dat. ἐληλυθοτι ἐληλυθυιᾳ ἐληλυθοτι acc. ἐληλυθοτα ἐληλυθυιαν ἐληλυθος voc. ἐληλυθως ἐληλυθυια ἐληλυθος

20 2 nd Perfect Active Participle: Plur. Example nom. ἐληλυθοτες ἐληλυθυιαι ἐληλυθοτα gen. ἐληλυθοτων ἐληλυθυιων ἐληλυθοτων dat. ἐληλυθοσι(ν) ἐληλυθυιαις ἐληλυθοσι(ν) acc. ἐληλυθοτας ἐληλυθυιας ἐληλυθοτα voc. ἐληλυθοτες ἐληλυθυιαι ἐληλυθοτα

21 Keep Learning You can learn more about perfect participles here: Mounce, Basics of Biblical Greek (3 rd edition) perfect participles, , (pp , 284)

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