Participle Morphs. λύων λύουσα λῦον λύοντος λυούσης λύοντος λυόμενος λυομένη λυόμενον λυομένου λυομένης λυομένου. ουσ. ομεν

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1 Participle Morphs Column Headings: TF = Tense Formative Morph (aspect or passive morph); N = Neutral Morph (always omicron before nasal ν or μ); PSFF = Participle Specifier Final Form (as it will look before the stem vowel and case ending are attached, but after joining the neutral morph, or any aspect or passive morph). Examples are mostly participle forms of λύω with a stem of λυ. The 2 nd Aorist examples are forms of βάλλω ( throw, put ) with an aorist stem of βαλ; γίνομαι ( be made, be born ) with a stem of γεν; and γράφω ( to write ) with a stem of γραφ. Below each nominative singular form is its genitive singular form. Tense & Voice Present Present Mid/Pass Verb Stem TF N PSFF pres. - ο οντ ουσ pres. - ο ομεν ομεν Nominative forms in black, genitives in gray. Masc. Fem. Neut. λύων λύουσα λῦον λύοντος λυούσης λύοντος λυόμενος λυομένη λυόμενον λυομένου λυομένης λυομένου 1 Aorist σα - σαντ σασ λύσας λύσασα λῦσαν λύσαντος λυσάσης λύσαντος 1 Aorist Middle σα - σαμεν σαμεν λυσάμενος λυσαμένη λυσάμενον λυσαμένου λυσαμένης λυσαμένου 1 Aorist Passive pass. θε - θεντ θεισ λυθείς λυθεῖσα λυθέν λυθέντος λυθείσης λυθέντος 2 Aorist 2 Aorist Middle 2 Aorist Passive Perfect Perfect Mid/Pass pass. ε - perf. κ - - ο οντ ουσ - ο ομεν ομεν εντ εισ κοτ κυι perf. μεν mid/pass - - μεν βαλών βαλοῦσα βαλόν βαλόντος βαλούσης βαλόντος γενόμενος γενομένη γενόμενον γενομένου γενομένης γενομένου γραφείς γραφεῖσα γραφέν γραφέντος γραφείσης γραφέντος λελυκώς λελυκυῖα λελυκός λελυκότος λελυκυίας λελυκότος λελυμένος λελυμένη λελυμένον λελυμένου λελυμένης λελυμένου

2 Present Participles: λύω Stems: λυοντ λυουσ λυοντ Nom λύων λύουσα λῦον Acc λύοντα λύουσαν λῦον Gen λύοντος λυούσης λύοντος Dat λύοντι λυούσῃ λύοντι Nom λύοντες λύουσαι λύοντα Acc λύοντας λυούσας λύοντα Gen λυόντων λυουσῶν λυόντων Dat λύουσι(ν) λυούσαις λύουσι(ν) Stem used by all forms: Present Middle/Passive Participles: λύω λυομεν Nom λυόμενος λυομένη λυόμενον Acc λυόμενον λυομένην λυόμενον Gen λυομένου λυομένης λυομένου Dat λυομένῳ λυομένῃ λυομένῳ Nom λυόμενοι λυόμεναι λυόμενα Acc λυομένους λυομένας λυόμενα Gen λυομένων λυομένων λυομένων Dat λυομένοις λυομέναις λυομένοις

3 1st Aorist Participles: λύω Stems: λυσαντ λυσασ λυσαντ Nom λύσας λύσασα λῦσαν Acc λύσαντα λύσασαν λῦσαν Gen λύσαντος λυσάσης λύσαντος Dat λύσαντι λυσάσῃ λύσαντι Nom λύσαντες λύσασαι λύσαντα Acc λύσαντας λυσάσας λύσαντα Gen λυσάντων λυσασῶν λυσάντων Dat λύσασι(ν) λυσάσαις λύσασι(ν) Stem used by all forms: 1st Aorist Middle Participles: λύω λυσαμεν Nom λυσάμενος λυσαμένη λυσάμενον Acc λυσάμενον λυσαμένην λυσάμενον Gen λυσαμένου λυσαμένης λυσαμένου Dat λυσαμένῳ λυσαμένῃ λυσαμένῳ Nom λυσάμενοι λυσάμεναι λυσάμενα Acc λυσαμένους λυσαμένας λυσάμενα Gen λυσαμένων λυσαμένων λυσαμένων Dat λυσαμένοις λυσαμέναις λυσαμένοις

4 1st Aorist Passive Participles: λύω Stems: λυθεντ λυθεισ λυθεντ Nom λυθείς λυθεῖσα λυθέν Acc λυθέντα λυθεῖσαν λυθέν Gen λυθέντος λυθείσης λυθέντος Dat λυθέντι λυθείσῃ λυθέντι Nom λυθέντες λυθεῖσαι λυθέντα Acc λυθέντας λυθείσας λυθέντα Gen λυθέντων λυθεισῶν λυθέντων Dat λυθεῖσι(ν) λυθείσαις λυθεῖσι(ν) 2nd Aorist Participles: βάλλω ( throw, put ) Stems: βαλοντ βαλουσ βαλοντ Nom βαλών βαλοῦσα βαλόν Acc βαλόντα βαλοῦσαν βαλόν Gen βαλόντος βαλούσης βαλόντος Dat βαλόντι βαλούσῃ βαλόντι Nom βαλόντες βαλοῦσαι βαλόντα Acc βαλόντας βαλούσας βαλόντα Gen βαλόντων βαλουσῶν βαλόντων Dat βαλοῦσι(ν) βαλούσαις βαλοῦσι(ν)

5 2nd Aorist Middle Participles: γίνομαι ( be made, be born ) Stem used by all forms: γενομεν Nom γενόμενος γενομένη γενόμενον Acc γενόμενον γενομένην γενόμενον Gen γενομένου γενομένης γενομένου Dat γενομένῳ γενομένῃ γενομένῳ Nom γενόμενοι γενόμεναι γενόμενα Acc γενομένους γενομένας γενόμενα Gen γενομένων γενομένων γενομένων Dat γενομένοις γενομέναις γενομένοις 2nd Aorist Passive Participles: γράφω ( to write ) Stems: γραφεντ γραφεισ γραφεντ Nom γραφείς γραφεῖσα γραφέν Acc γραφέντα γραφεῖσαν γραφέν Gen γραφέντος γραφείσης γραφέντος Dat γραφέντι γραφείσῃ γραφέντι Nom γραφέντες γραφεῖσαι γραφέντα Acc γραφέντας γραφείσας γραφέντα Gen γραφέντων γραφεισῶν γραφέντων Dat γραφεῖσι(ν) γραφείσαις γραφεῖσι(ν)

6 1st Perfect Participles: λύω Stems: λελυκοτ λελυκυι λελυκοτ Nom λελυκώς λελυκυῖα λελυκός Acc λελυκότα λελυκυῖαν λελυκός Gen λελυκότος λελυκυίας λελυκότος Dat λελυκότι λελυκυίᾳ λελυκότι Nom λελυκότες λελυκυῖαι λελυκότα Acc λελυκότας λελυκυίας λελυκότα Gen λελυκότων λελυκυιῶν λελυκότων Dat λελυκόσι(ν) λελυκυίαις λελυκόσι(ν) 2nd Perfect Participles: γίνομαι Stems: γεγονοτ γεγονυι γεγονοτ Nom γεγονώς γεγονυῖα γεγονός Acc γεγονότα γεγονυῖαν γεγονός Gen γεγονότος γεγονυίας γεγονότος Dat γεγονότι γεγονυίᾳ γεγονότι Nom γεγονότες γεγονυῖαι γεγονότα Acc γεγονότας γεγονυίας γεγονότα Gen γεγονότων γεγονυιῶν γεγονότων Dat γεγονόσι(ν) γεγονυίαις γεγονόσι(ν)

7 Stem used by all forms: Perfect Middle/Passive Participles: λύω λελυμεν Nom λελυμένος λελυμένη λελυμένον Acc λελυμένον λελυμένην λελυμένον Gen λελυμένου λελυμένης λελυμένου Dat λελυμένῳ λελυμένῃ λελυμένῳ Nom λελυμένοι λελυμέναι λελυμένα Acc λελυμένους λελυμένας λελυμένα Gen λελυμένων λελυμένων λελυμένων Dat λελυμένοις λελυμέναις λελυμένοις Periphrastic Constructions Tense of the Periphrastic = (with a present participle) Tense of Εἰμί + Participle Form of the Principle Verb Present = present + present participle Imperfect = imperfect + present participle Future = future + present participle (with a perfect participle) Perfect = present + perfect participle Pluperfect Future Perfect = future = imperfect + perfect participle + perfect participle

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